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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Trauma und Berufskrankheit 2 (2000), S. S95 
    ISSN: 1436-6274
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter ; Akromioklavikulargelenk ; AC-Dislokation ; Konservative Therapie ; Operative Therapie ; Schmerz ; Funktion ; Rehabilitation ; Key words ; AC joint ; AC dislocation ; Conservative treatment ; Operative treatment ; Pain ; Function ; Rehabilitation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Abstract Acute acromioclavicular dislocations may be treated operatively or conservatively. In the past, operative treatment was performed mainly in the German-speaking countries, while conservative treatment was widely accepted in the US. A review of the literature shows that there is no difference between the two procedures in subsequent pain and function. The complication rate is much higher with operative therapy, and the rehabilitation is earlier in conservative treatment. Conservative treatment is thus the superior procedure for the vast majority of patients, and the operation should be recommended only in selected cases and in the presence of type IV, V and VI injuries.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Die Behandlung der akuten, kompletten Akromioklavikulargelenkluxation kann konservativ oder operativ erfolgen. In der Vergangenheit wurde v. a. im deutschsprachigen Raum die operative Behandlung favorisiert, wobei diesbezüglich eine erhebliche Anzahl von Operationstechniken beschrieben wurde. Demgegenüber steht die v. a. in den USA favorisierte konservative Therapie. Die Auswertung der wenigen, prospektiv randomisierten Studien zeigt eindeutig, daß die konservative Therapie hinsichtlich der zu erwartenden Schmerzen und des funktionellen Resultats gegenüber den operativen Verfahren gleichwertige Ergebnisse erreicht. Die Komplikationsrate sowie die Kosten sind bei der Operation erheblich höher. Die Rehabilitation ist bei der konservativen Behandlung zügiger. Insgesamt ist somit die konservative Therapie bei der überwiegenden Anzahl der Patienten das überlegene Verfahren. Die Operation sollte nur in Ausnahmefällen und bei den höhergradigen Verletzungstypen durchgeführt werden.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1433-7347
    Keywords: Key words Anterior cruciate ; ligament ; Patellar tendon graft ; Single-incision arthroscopy ; Two-incision arthroscopy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Sports Science
    Notes: Abstract Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with patellar tendon graft has become a standard procedure. The graft can be inserted either using two tunnels and a lateral femoral incision or with a femoral half-tunnel drilled from the joint, thus avoiding the lateral incision. Advantages have been claimed for the single-incision technique in the early rehabilitation period. Forty patients with ACL deficiency were included in a prospective randomized trial comparing the single- and two-incision technique with a follow-up period of 12 months. Preoperative data did not show any significant difference between the two groups. At early follow-up no differences were observed with respect to complications or the progress of rehabilitation. Evaluation at 12 months postoperatively using the IKDC form revealed good to excellent results in 70% of patients. ACL reconstruction reduced anterior translation of the knee significantly at the 6-month and 12-month follow-up with a slight increase of MMD values at 12 months in both groups. The arthroscopic single-incision technique did not differ from the mini-open technique in terms of postoperative pain medication, incidence of effusion, postoperative range-of-motion or any rehabilitation parameters. Stability was comparable in both groups at all time periods. We conclude that an arthroscopic single-incision technique has no advantage over a mini-open two-incision technique for ACL reconstruction with patellar tendon graft in terms of subjective or objective parameters.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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