Key words Blends
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The linear viscoelastic properties of several molten blends with immiscible components of different viscosity ratio have been investigated. All the blends show a morphology of emulsion type. At low frequencies, the behaviors of these blends are essentially governed by the interface. The Palierne (1990) model is shown to well predict the linear behavior of all the blends. The Lee and Park model (1994), developed to take into account the relationship between the rheological behavior and morphological changes under large strain flows, is also shown to well describe the storage and loss moduli of the blends by adjusting a single fitting parameter. Based on the weighted relaxation spectra, a comparison of both model predictions is made focussing on the time associated to the interface. An approximate method is then proposed to evaluate the interface parameter introduced in the Lee and Park model. At high frequency, discrepancies are observed for the Lee and Park predictions when the viscoelastic properties of both components are considerably different. The description of the bulk properties of the blend, i.e., the mixing rule used by Lee and Park, is modified to obtain a better description of the high frequency data.
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