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  • Key words Blends  (1)
  • Non-linear viscoelasticity  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1435-1528
    Keywords: Key words Fumed silica ; Colloidal suspensions ; Non-linear viscoelasticity ; Rheological models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Suspensions of fumed silica exhibit a wide range of rheological properties depending on the nature and magnitude of the interparticle forces. In a non-polar fluid, the particles interact through hydrogen bonding and can form a three-dimensional network. The microstructure formation is responsible for the non-linear viscoelastic behavior of fumed silica suspensions, even at very small strain. These non-linear rheological properties have been studied in small amplitude oscillatory experiments as a function of particle size, surface treatment of particles, suspending medium polarity and solids concentration. The non-linear viscoelastic behavior is characterized by a non-sinusoidal waveform of the signal response. For suspensions in a non-polar fluid, both the elastic and the loss moduli are shown to be sensitive to the strain amplitude: the elastic modulus is decreasing with increasing strain whereas the loss moduli is initially increasing with strain. We have chosen to examine the dissipated energy which is clearly related to the breakup of the suspension structure. A comparison of model predictions and the experimental data shows the limitations of these models, recently proposed in the literature to describe the behavior of colloidal suspensions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1435-1528
    Keywords: Key words Blends ; linear ; viscoelasticity ; emulsion models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The linear viscoelastic properties of several molten blends with immiscible components of different viscosity ratio have been investigated. All the blends show a morphology of emulsion type. At low frequencies, the behaviors of these blends are essentially governed by the interface. The Palierne (1990) model is shown to well predict the linear behavior of all the blends. The Lee and Park model (1994), developed to take into account the relationship between the rheological behavior and morphological changes under large strain flows, is also shown to well describe the storage and loss moduli of the blends by adjusting a single fitting parameter. Based on the weighted relaxation spectra, a comparison of both model predictions is made focussing on the time associated to the interface. An approximate method is then proposed to evaluate the interface parameter introduced in the Lee and Park model. At high frequency, discrepancies are observed for the Lee and Park predictions when the viscoelastic properties of both components are considerably different. The description of the bulk properties of the blend, i.e., the mixing rule used by Lee and Park, is modified to obtain a better description of the high frequency data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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