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  • Breast cancer  (3)
  • Key words Positron emission tomography  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ; Positron emission tomography ; Technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile ; Scintimammography ; Breast cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of this study was to compare, in breast cancer patients, the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and scintimammography (SMM) using technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI). A total of 20 patients (40 breasts with 22 lesions) were evaluated serially with MIBI and, on the following day, with FDG. For SMM, planar and single-photon emission tomography imaging in the prone position was performed starting at 10 min following the injection of MIBI (740 MBq). For PET, scans were acquired 45–60 min after the injection of FDG (370 MBq) and attentuation correction was performed following transmission scans. Results from SMM and PET were subsequently compared with the histopathology results. True-positive results were obtained in 12/13 primary breast cancers (mean diameter=29 mm, range 8–53 mm) with both FDG and MIBI. False-negative results were obtained in two local recurrences (diameter 〈9 mm) with both FDG and MIBI. In benign disease, FDG and MIBI did not localize three fibrocystic lesions, two fibroadenomas and one inflammatory lesion (true-negative), but both localized one fibroadenoma (false-positive). Collectively, the results demonstrate a sensitivity of 92%, and a specificity of 86%, for primary breast cancer regardless of whether FDG or MIBI was used. In contrast to MIBI scintigraphy, FDG PET scored the axillae correctly as either positive (metastatic disease) or negative (no axillary disease) in all 12 patients. The tumour/non-tumour ratio for MIBI was 1.97 (range 1.43–3.1). The mean standard uptake value (SUV) for FDG uptake was 2.57 (range 0.3–6.2). The diagnostic accuracy of SMM was equivalent to that of FDG PET for the detection of primary breast cancer. For the detection of in situ lymph node metastases of the axilla, FDG seems to be more sensitive than99mTc-MIBI.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Key words: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ; Positron emission tomography ; Technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile ; Scintimammography ; Breast cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to compare, in breast cancer patients, the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and scintimammography (SMM) using technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI). A total of 20 patients (40 breasts with 22 lesions) were evaluated serially with MIBI and, on the following day, with FDG. For SMM, planar and single-photon emission tomography imaging in the prone position was performed starting at 10 min following the injection of MIBI (740 MBq). For PET, scans were acquired 45–60 min after the injection of FDG (370 MBq) and attentuation correction was performed following transmission scans. Results from SMM and PET were subsequently compared with the histopathology results. True-positive results were obtained in 12/13 primary breast cancers (mean diameter=29 mm, range 8–53 mm) with both FDG and MIBI. False-negative results were obtained in two local recurrences (diameter 〈9 mm) with both FDG and MIBI. In benign disease, FDG and MIBI did not localize three fibrocystic lesions, two fibroadenomas and one inflammatory lesion (true-negative), but both localized one fibroadenoma (false-positive). Collectively, the results demonstrate a sensitivity of 92%, and a specificity of 86%, for primary breast cancer regardless of whether FDG or MIBI was used. In contrast to MIBI scintigraphy, FDG PET scored the axillae correctly as either positive (metastatic disease) or negative (no axillary disease) in all 12 patients. The tumour/non-tumour ratio for MIBI was 1.97 (range 1.43–3.1). The mean standard uptake value (SUV) for FDG uptake was 2.57 (range 0.3–6.2). The diagnostic accuracy of SMM was equivalent to that of FDG PET for the detection of primary breast cancer. For the detection of in situ lymph node metastases of the axilla, FDG seems to be more sensitive than 99mTc-MIBI.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Keywords: Breast cancer ; Scintimammography ; Technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile ; Mammography ; Magnetic resonance imaging
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of scintimammography with technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI; SMM) in the detection of primary breast cancer with that of mammography (MM) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fifty-six patients with suspected lesions detected by palpation or MM were included in the study. Within the 4 weeks preceding excisional biopsy, MM and MRI were performed in all patients. Between 5 and 10 min after the injection of 740 MBq99mTc-MIBI, SMM in the prone position was performed. In the total group of 56 patients, 43 lesions were palpable, while 13 were non-palpable but were detected by MM. Breast cancer was confirmed by histopathology in 27 of the patients (22 palpable and 5 non-palpable carcinomas). The tumour size ranged from 6 to 80 mm in diameter. For non-palpable lesions, the sensitivity of SMM, MM and MRI was 60%, 60% and 100%, respectively, while the specificity was 75%, 25% and 50%, respectively. For palpable breast lesions, all methods showed high sensitivity (SMM 91%, MM 95%, MRI 91%) but SMM demonstrated significantly higher specificity (SMM 62%, MM 10%, MRI 15%). In two mammographically negative tumours (dense tissue), SMM showed a positive result. In comparison to MRI, one additional carcinoma could be diagnosed by SMM. It may be concluded that for palpable breast lesions, the diagnostic accuracy of SMM is superior to that of MM and MRI. Through the complementary use of SMM it is possible to increase the sensitivity for the detection of breast cancer and multicentric disease. In patients in whom the status of a palpable breast mass remains unclear, SMM may help to reduce the amount of unnecessary biopsies.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1433-0407
    Keywords: Schlüsselwörter Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie (PET) ; Neurologie ; Neurochirurgie ; Psychiatrie ; Key words Positron emission tomography ; Neurology ; Neurosurgery ; Psychiatry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary To date, positron emission tomography (PET) is the most powerful method for the in-vivo investigation of human brain metabolism. Besides extensive application of this technology in the neurosciences, PET is also being increasingly used as a clinical tool. However, despite its acceptance in clinical practice, a major obstacle is its high costs. The present article reviews the literature on the clinical use of PET in neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry in order to substantiate the clinical indications for PET in these specialties as established by an interdisciplinary conference.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Die Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie (PET) ist das derzeit leistungsfähigste Verfahren zur In-vivo-Untersuchung des zerebralen Stoffwechsels. Neben einem breitgefächerten Einsatz von PET in der neuromedizinischen Forschung findet die PET zunehmend auch Eingang in die klinische Diagnostik. Dieser Entwicklung entgegen stehen die relativ hohen Kosten, die mit diesem Verfahren verbunden sind. Die vorliegende Arbeit begründet die, in einer interdisziplinären Konferenz erarbeiteten Konsensusindikationen für den klinischen Einsatz der PET in der Neurologie, Neurochirurgie und Psychiatrie durch Aufarbeitung der einschlägigen Literatur.
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