Key wordsPanax ginseng
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Cotyledon explants from zygotic embryos of Panax ginseng produced somatic embryos on Murashige and Skoog basal medium without growth regulators. Somatic embryos developed directly from epidermal cells at the cotyledon base. Somatic embryos were always formed from the side of the cotyledon opposite to the one attached to the medium surface regardless of cotyledon orientation. The frequency of somatic embryo formation from the abaxial epidermis (66%) was much higher than that from the adaxial epidermis (12%). Differences in embryogenic response were likely related to cell structure. Abaxial epidermal cells were filled with reserve materials (lipid bodies), while adaxial epidermal cells were devoid of any prominent reserves. During germination, the reserve materials in the cells of the cotyledons disappeared rapidly. At the same time, the competency of somatic embryo formation from cotyledon explants declined rapidly to zero. Upon culture of the cotyledon explants (for somatic embryo induction), lipid bodies slowly disappeared, but starch grains accumulated prominently. Reserve materials disappeared after commencement of embryogenic cell division. During germination, lipid bodies rapidly disappeared, and chloroplasts developed instead of starch grains.
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