Keywords: Haemangioblastoma; von Hippel-Lindau disease; surgery; survival.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary ¶ The aim was to assess the frequency of von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) and the long-term prognosis of VHL and non-VHL patients among 110 consecutive patients with haemangioblastoma (HB) of the CNS treated between 1953 and 1993 at one neurosurgical unit. To reveal VHL manifestations we performed a detailed clinical and radiological examination (neuraxis and abdomen) (61/110), VHL-gene mutation analysis (40/110), and collection of all available clinical, imaging, operative and autopsy data from the hospitals involved. All patients were followed-up with a median of 14 years (excluding 14 operative deaths), and no patient was lost to follow-up. Altogether 49 patients died during the follow-up. In the 14 VHL patients (13%), HB(s) of the CNS were detected at a median age of 33 years, retinal HB(s) at 39 years, and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at 43 years. The frequency of VHL in patients operated on for HB(s) was 29% before the age of 25 years, 19% between 25 and 45 years, and only 2% after 45 years. HB patients not meeting the VHL criteria had internal organ cysts in 14%. One non-VHL patient (4%) had two adjacent HBs in the same cyst wall. The growth rates of non-VHL and VHL-related HBs were similar as indicated by the median time to recurrence and the proliferation indices (MIB-1). Recurrence of the HB in patients whose primary operation was considered radical developed in four of the 10 VHL patients at a median of 19 years, and in nine of the 74 non-VHL patients at a median of 11 years. The median length of life of all VHL and non-VHL patients was 46 and 63 years, respectively. In VHL, RCC and HBs were equal causes of death.
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