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  • Inverted repeats  (1)
  • Keywords: Meningioma; suprasellar; meningioma surgery; angiography.  (1)
  •  Transcriptional activator   (1)
  • 1995-1999  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key wordsPseudomonas putida ; Transposition ; sacB ; Inverted repeats
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Genes for (methyl)phenol degradation in Pseudomonas putida strain H (phl genes) are located on the plasmid pPGH1. Adjacent to the phl catabolic operon we identified a cryptic transposon, Tn5501, of the Tn3 family (class II transposons). The genes encoding the resolvase and the transposase are transcribed in the same direction, as is common for the Tn501 subfamily. The enzymes encoded by Tn5501, however, show only the overall homology characteristic for resolvases/integrases and transposases of Tn3-type transposons. Therefore it is likely that Tn5501 is not a member of one of the previously defined subfamilies. Inactivation of the conditional lethal sacB gene was used to detect transposition of Tn5501. While screening for transposition events we found another transposon integrated into sacB in one of the sucrose-resistant survivors. This element, Tn5502, is a composite transposon consisting of Tn5501 and an additional DNA fragment. It is flanked by inverted repeats identical to those of Tn5501 and the additional fragment is separated from the Tn5501 portion by an internal repeat (identical to the left terminal repeat). Transposition of phenol degradation genes could not be detected. Analysis of sequence data revealed that the phl genes are not located on a Tn5501-like transposon.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Phenol degradation  ;  Transcriptional activator  ;  Promoter-up mutations  ;  Pseudomonas putida  ;  Escherichia coli
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The activator-encoding gene phlR was identified upstream of the plasmid-encoded operon for phenol degradation in Pseudomonas putida strain H by cassette mutagenesis and DNA sequence analysis. The deduced amino acid sequence of PHLR shows high homology to DmpR of P. putida sp. CF600 and to the chromosomally encoded PhhR of P. putida P35X reported previously. Trans-activation of phenol degradation was observed when phlR was overexpressed in a phlR insertion mutant. Transconjugants of Escherichia coli carrying pPGH11, which contains the complete set of phl genes, are unable to grow on phenol as carbon source. However, two types of mutants were selected for further characterization that were able to metabolize phenol as sole source of carbon and energy. In both types of mutants enhanced expression of phlR is responsible for the Phl+ phenotype. In type I (pPGH13) a deletion of 1 bp made the −35 region and the spacing between the −35 and −10 regions of the phlR promoter more similar to the consensus structure. In type II (pPGH14) a duplication of the phlR 5′ region was identified that includes part of the −35 motif and reduces the spacing between the −35 and −10 regions. In addition, due to the duplication of part of phlR, the distance from the phlR promoter to the catabolic phl operon is increased. Different transcriptional start sites have been identified by primer extension analysis in clones harboring pPGH14 or the wild type phlR. Quantitative primer extension analysis revealed that the greatest amount of phlR transcript is expressed from the partial, phlR duplication. Growth on phenol and phenol hydroxylase activity reflect the high level of phlR transcript in E. coli transconjugants. Overexpression of PhlR was also observed when pPGH14 was transferred into P. putida, and results in earlier induction of the phenol degradation operon relative to the wild-type strain.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Keywords: Meningioma; suprasellar; meningioma surgery; angiography.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary  Most of the previously published surgical series of suprasellar meningiomas have two disadvantages: (1) patients involved were treated within a relatively long time period, making analysis more difficult, (2) radiographic long term follow-up examinations with either CT- or MRI-scans were not performed. Both disadvantages were overcome in our retrospective clinical study, consisting of 50 consecutive patients with suprasellar meningiomas treated between 1982 and 1991. Radiological, ophthalmological, and neurological investigations were performed pre-operatively, postoperatively and at long term follow-up (mean: 5.7 years). A radiologically confirmed radical tumour removal could be achieved in 84% of patients. Both, the peri-operative mortality (2%) and serious operative morbidity (6%) were low. However, 12% of patients developed late onset epilepsy. At long term follow-up, visual function was improved in 67%, unchanged in 9% and worsened in 24%. In more than 50% of patients the vision showed recovery over a longer time period than the first 10 days after operation. Radiographic control examinations revealed tumour recurrences in 2 patients (both asymptomatic) and progress of residual tumour in 5 patients (2 symptomatic, 3 asymptomatic). Since introduction of modern neurosurgery, a clear improvement in the surgical treatment of suprasellar meningiomas can be observed. However, the still long delay in diagnosing these tumours correctly prevents a further improvement of the ophthalmological results at long-term follow-up. Due to a relatively high rate of late onset epilepsy, anticonvulsive prophylaxis for 6 months seems to be justified. Regarding present pre-operative diagnostic measures, ia-DSA seems only be indicated in patients with CT/MRI-scans, suspicious for tumourous narrowing or invasion of major cerebral arteries. In addition, we recommend radiographic control examinations at regular time intervals to confirm radical tumour removal and to detect the “ideal” point of time for renewed treatment.
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