Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A male infant had severe muscular hypotonia from birth. Recurrent vomiting with dehydration and severe metabolic acidosis complicated the course. Elevated lactate (up to 12.3 mmol/l; n〈2), pyruvate (0.4 mmol/l; n〈0.05) and alanine levels were found in serum with an abnormal lactate/pyruvate ratio (〉30; n〈15). In urine the concentrations of lactate, pyruvate, alanine and of several intermediates of the citric acid cycle were increased. In muscle, numerous disseminated “ragged red fibres” were found by light microscopy; muscle fibres were found to contain subsarcolemmal aggregates of mitochondria, lipid droplets and glycogen by electromicroscopical methods. More-over, mitochondria with a typical circular arrangement of cristae were noticed. In liver homogenates normal activities of pyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate dehydrogenase complex were found; in liver mitochondria also succinate-cytochrome-c-oxidoreductase activity was normal. However, in muscle no succinate-cytochrome-c-oxidoreductase activity was detectable. The patient became increasingly lethargic and died because of sepsis at 5 months of age.
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