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  • Life and Medical Sciences  (1)
  • growth inhibition  (1)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: antisense oligonucleotide ; apoptosis ; cAMP-dependent protein kinase ; cancer cells ; growth inhibition
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The enhanced expression of the RIα subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase type 1 (PKA-I) has been correlated with cancer cell growth. We have investigated the effects of sequence-specific inhibition of RIα gene expression on the growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. We report that RIα antisense treatment results in a reduction in RIα expression at both mRNA and protein levels and inhibition of cell growth. The growth inhibition was accompanied by changes in cell morphology, cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and appearance of apoptotic nuclei. In addition, bcl-2 protein level was reduced and p53 expression increased in growth arrested cells. Interestingly, RIα antisense inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in the absence of p53, suggesting that these actions of RIα antisense are exerted independent of p53. In contrast, two- and four-base mismatched control oligonucleotides had no effect on either cell growth or morphology. These results demonstrate that the RIα antisense, which efficiently depletes the growth stimulatory molecule RIα, induces cell differentiation and apoptosis, providing a new approach to combat breast cancer cell growth.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Rat skeletal myoblasts, L6 and L8, have two major forms of phosphodiesterases, PDE II and PDE III. Only the former is activated by treatment with proteases. When the myoblasts are exposed to cAMP for 10-16 h, the activity of PDE III increases considerably. This increase is accompanied by a loss of activatability of PDE II by proteases. Leupeptin prevents the increase in the levels of PDE III suggesting that a protease in vivo may be responsible for the formation of PDE III from PDE II. Spontaneously or Rous sarcoma virus-transformed myoblasts, however, show altered regulation of the two forms of PDE. In the presence of cAMP in the medium, unlike the nontransformed cells, the levels of PDE III do not increase but the activity of PDE II rises. Simultaneously, PDE II becomes refractory to activation by proteases. The altered mode of PDE regulation in transformed cells is dominant in hybrids between normal and transformed myoblasts, which suggests that altered regulation is due to an “acquisition” of some new property by transformed cells.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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