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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) may either stimulate or inhibit cell growth. To elucidate the mechanism of these varied effects, we compared EGF action in parental A431 cells in which cell growth is inhibited, and clone 15, a mutant of these cells resistant to EGF growth inhibition. In both lines, EGF receptor was present in similar concentrations and underwent tyrosine phosphorylation to the same extent. Likewise, in both lines, acute exposure to EGF stimulated an increase in free cytoplasmic [Ca2+], as well as a similar increase in phosphoryla-tion of lipocortin 1, a major substrate for the EGF receptor kinase whose phos-phorylation is calcium-dependent. On the other hand, pretreatment of clone 15 cells with EGF for 72 h abolished EGF-induced phosphorylation of lipocortin 1 and led to a loss of the increase in cytoplasmic free [Ca2+], whereas no such desensitization was seen in the parental A431 cells. These data indicate a link between EGF-induced increase in cytoplasmic calcium, lipocortin phosphoryla-tion, and cell growth and suggest that differences in mechanisms of desensitization to these immediate actions of EGF may lead to altered growth response to this hormone.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Previously we have shown that IGF-1 protected MCF-7 cells against death induced by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX). In the present study we investigated the ability of protein kinase C activator 12-0-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the protein kinase A activator 8-bromoadenosine 3′5′-cyclic monophosphate (Br-cAMP), and the enzyme inhibitor aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) to protect MCF-7 cells against death, due to a continuous presence of CHX. Cell death was evaluated after 48 h of incubation by several techniques (trypan blue staining, release of lactic dehydrogenase, cellular ATP content, transmission electron microscopy, and DNA fragmentation). Apoptosis which terminates in necrosis, characterized this mode of cell death. TPA and ATA at optimal concentrations of 40 ng/ml and 100 μg/ml, respectively, reduced cell death to the control level (without CHX), while Br-cAMP at an optimal concentration of 650 μg/ml reduced cell death only partially. IGF-1, TPA, and ATA, which stimulated protein synthesis in the control MCF-7 cells, had no effect on protein synthesis in the CHX-treated cells, indicating that the survival effect is not due to new protein synthesis. The protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine blocked the survival effect of TPA and IGF-1 in a dose-dependent manner, however did not affect the survival effect of ATA. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein blocked the survival effect of IGF-1, but not that of TPA and ATA. Our results provide evidence for several distinctive pathways, the activation of which protects MCF-7 cells against death, due to protein synthesis inhibition. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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