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  • Life and Medical Sciences  (62)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: video microscopy ; axonal transport ; computer motion analysis ; giant axon ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Moving intra-axonal organelles demonstrate frequent variations in speed when viewed over several seconds. To evaluate these and other motion variations, a long-term analysis of organelle motion in isolated axoplasm of Myxicola infundibulum was carried out using differential interference contrast optics and analog and digital image enhancement techniques. Motion characteristics of individual organelles were analyzed for periods of up to 58 minutes. Three principle observations on organelle motion were made: (1) Classes of organelles of the same size demonstrated a 5- to 25-fold variation of speed, with the slowest speeds occurring most frequently; (2) organelle speeds over individual translocations (motion without stopping) are inversely proportional to their size, but the speeds calculated for the long-term analysis of organelle motion (total distance travelled/total observation time, including pauses) did not reflect this observation; and (3) organelles displayed variable trip lengths, durations, mean speeds, and pause durations, and the relationships between these variations showed no repetitive patterns. In contrast to reported observations of uniform velocities of organelles moving on isolated microtubule preparations, these observations suggest that a variety of factors must play a role in organelle translocation in Myxicola axoplasm.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Clinical Anatomy 7 (1994), S. 263-266 
    ISSN: 0897-3806
    Keywords: interphalangeal ; metatarsophalangeal ; joint ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Miscellaneous Medical
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Deep to the extensor expansion of the interphalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints of the toes, there exists a structure of dense irregular connective tissue that corresponds to the opposite volar plate. This plate is a constant finding, is meniscoid, and challenges previous descriptions of the anatomy and function of these joints. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0736-0266
    Keywords: Bone cement ; Total joint replacement ; Revision surgery ; Mechanical testing ; Life and Medical Sciences
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effects of adding 1.0 cc of aqueous methylene blue dye as a visual contrast agent to a standard 40 g pack of acrylic bone cement are determined. These cements are evaluated: Simplex P (Radiopaque), Zimmer Bone Cement, and Zimmer LVC Bone Cement. Seven tests were performed. Leach out is less than 2.0% and was undetectable after day 8. Biocompatibility using a rabbit model shows contrast and white cement to be equivalent. Tension, compression, and 3- and 4-point bending strengths are not significantly altered except for a slight increase in 4-point bending strength for contrast Zimmer (regular) bone cement. Dough, set, and working times are decreased by 30-150 s. The ASTM F451 intrusion standards are met for all three contrast cements. Viscosity increases more rapidly for contrast cement, but remains sufficiently low (less than 100 N-s/m2) early after mixing to allow good penetration into bone. Ease of removal and visualization of contrast cement are shown by revision of cemented femoral total hip components in synthetic and cadaver femurs and by debriding cement particles from a soft tissue background coated with blood. The use of contrast bone cement appears to be both safe and efficacious for use in initial and revision total joint replacements. Because of the decreased working times, its use is recommended only by experienced surgeons.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Yeast 4 (1988), S. 235-240 
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1059-910X
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Notes: A miniature vise built into a 5 mm diameter copper capsule is described that holds small pieces of prefrozen, hydrated specimens at low temperatures within the lens of the Hitachi S900 high-resolution scanning electron microscope.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Morphology 126 (1968), S. 435-445 
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Thin semi-serial ground sections of coronal dentin were examined radiographically. The bulk of the coronal dentin was characterized by the majority of the tubules having a distinct peritubular zone. With the exception of the tubules running from the tip of the cusp to the pulp cornu, the bulk of peritubular matrix forming the walls of the tubules was disposed eccentrically. The matrix was thicker on the cervical sides of the tubule than it was on the incisal sides. In a relatively narrow layer of the coronal dentin between the bulk of the dentin and the predentindentin border area the thickness of the peritubular matrix varied considerably. It was extremely narrow or absent in some tubules and reached its greatest thickness in others. The tubules in the predentin border area showed little or no evidence of peritubular matrix. The area of dentin beneath the central developmental groove differed somewhat from the bulk of the dentin. Many of the tubules at all levels of this area showed little radiographic evidence of peritubular matrix. Obliterated tubules were seen in some of the sections taken immediately above the predentin-dentin border area in the region of the pulp cornu and were always seen at the junction of the mantle dentin and the circumpulpal dentin beneath the central developmental groove.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, N.Y. : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 43 (1990), S. 293-296 
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: phosphatase phosphotyrosine ; orthovanadate ; viral oncogenes ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: We have isolated a revertant cell line (G5) from an adenovirus transformed rat cell line (F4) which failed to express the integrated viral oncogenes. To determine whether the reversion mutation was acting in cis or trans the G5 cells were co-transfected with an E1 gene bearing expression plasmid and a neomycin photransferase bearing plasmid. 0418-resistant colonies were picked and shown to express the E1 proteins and to be tumorigenic. This re-transformation could be partially mimicked by treatment with vanadate, an inhibitor of phosphotyrosine phosphatases. These results show that the continued presence of the E1 proteins was required to maintain the transformed phenotype, and that the reversion mutation was a cis-acting event affecting directly the integrated E1 genes.
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0002-9106
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Filaments about 6-7 nm in diameter were seen associated with germ cell intercellular bridges in detergent-permeabilized cells treated with tannic acid. Approximately 40-50 filaments were present subjacent to the bridge density. Filaments encircled the bridge channel in a manner similar to contractile ring actin filaments of dividing cells. NBD-phallacidin and myosin S-1 subfragments were employed to demonstrate that the filaments observed at intercellular bridges are actin. Intratesticular injection of a single dose of cytochalasin D, a specific inhibitor of actin filaments, caused certain intercellular bridges of spermatids to open within 3 hr after injection, leading to the production of symplasts. During bridge opening, remnants of bridge densities were gradually incorporated into the lateral aspect of the plasma membrane of the symplast. Thus actin, present in bridge structures, appeared to participate in maintaining certain intercellular bridges. A model of intercullar bridge structure is presented.
    Additional Material: 27 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0003-276X
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Human third molars were partially demineralized in an acid-alcohol solution and embedded in Epon 812. Six-micron sections were cut from regions of the cervical enamel exhibiting prominent Retzius lines. The plastic was removed from the specimens by microincineration and were examined with the scanning electron microscope. The most prominent structural feature seen along the Retzius lines was the cervical translocation of some of the prisms. The scanning electron microscopic images also suggested that prisms were translocating in the transverse plane of the tooth. A series of pores, which appeared to be empty, were observed in association with the translocations occurring along the Retzius lines.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0003-276X
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: A scanning electron microscope cast technique was used to examine the interface between primary and secondary dentine in young and old human teeth. In addition, more traditional methods were used to examine this interface with light microscopy, identical regions being viewed before and after demineralization. No continuity was seen between the tubules in primary dentine and those in irregular secondary dentine in the scanning electron microscope preparations. These preparations did show the tubules to be continuous between primary dentine and regular secondary dentine in young and old teeth. Both the scanning electron microscopic and light microscopic observations suggested that regular secondary dentine becomes highly sclerosed in old teeth.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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