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  • Linkage map  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Barley ; Microsatellites ; Linkage map ; Genetic similarity (GS) ; Polymorphism information content (PIC)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  By searching the EMBL DNA sequence database, we were able to develop 39 new, database-derived barley microsatellites. Eighteen of these EMBL microsatellites were mapped either to the interspecific barley map Lerche×BGRC41936 (L×41), the Igri×Franka map (I×F, Graner et al. 1991), or to both maps simultaneously. In addition, all 39 EMBL microsatellites were assigned to individual barley chromosomes by PCR screening of wheat barley addition lines. Both studies verified a random distribution of the microsatellites within the barley genome. Subsequently, 22 EMBL microsatellites were used to assess the genetic similarity among a set of 28, mainly German, barley cultivars and two wild form accessions. Spring and winter cultivars could be easily differentiated using the first coordinate of a principal coordinate analysis. Whereas the group of spring barley cultivars appeared rather homogeneous, winter barley cultivars could be divided into three subgroups. Two H. v. ssp. spontaneum accessions were included in the assessment of genetic similarity. They were placed among the winter barley cultivars. Based on the assessment of the 30 barley cultivars and accessions, the polymorphism information content (PIC) of each EMBL microsatellite has been calculated. The average PIC value among the EMBL microsatellites was equal to 0.38, which ascertains the value of these microsatellites as a genetic tool in barley genome research projects.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Simple sequence repeat ; Linkage map ; Single-strand hybridisation ; Triplex affinity capture ; Enriched library
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Solanum tuberosum L. DNA sequences containing simple sequence repeat (SSR) motifs were extracted from the EMBL database, cDNA and selectively enriched small-insert DNA libraries. Enrichment was achieved using either triplex affinity capture or single-strand hybridisation selection. One hundred and twelve primer pairs which successfully amplified products of the correct size from potato DNA were ultimately designed and synthesised. Ninety-eight of these revealed length polymorphisms in a panel of four diploid and two tetraploid clones, in agreement with the high information content of this class of markers which has been found in other species. All of the markers were assigned a quality score of 1–5 based on their potential usefulness. Eighty-nine loci from 65 of the primer pairs were located on two genetic linkage maps of potato by segregation analysis of the amplified alleles. Fifty-two of the SSRs were clearly single locus. The maps were aligned using 23 SSR primer pairs and 13 RFLP loci mapped in both populations. The markers described constitute a class which should replace Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLP) as the markers of choice for future genetic studies in potato. The sequences of the primers, together with other information on these markers are provided.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words AFLP ; Linkage map ; Solanum tuberosum
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract We have constructed a partial linkage map in tetraploid potato which integrates simplex, duplex and double-simplex AFLP markers. The map consists of 231 maternal and 106 paternal markers with total map lengths of 990.9 cM and 484.6 cM. The longer of the two cumulative map lengths represents approximately 25% coverage of the genome. In tetraploids, much of the polymorphism between parental clones is masked by `dosage' which significantly reduces the number of individual markers that can be scored in a population. Consequently, the major advantage of using AFLPs – their high multiplex ratio – is reduced to the point where the use of alternative multi-allelic marker types would be significantly more efficient. The segregation data and map information have been used in a QTL analysis of late blight resistance, and a multi-allelic locus at the proximal end of chromosome VIII has been identified which contributes significantly to the expression of resistance. No late blight resistance genes or QTLs have previously been mapped to this location.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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