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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: 5-HT ; p-Chloroamphetamine ; Zimeldine ; p-Chlorophenylalanine ; Active avoidance ; Acquisition ; Nociception ; Locomotor activity ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract p-Chloramphetamine (PCA, 0.63–5 mg/kg IP) injected 30–60 min before testing produced a dose-related impairment of avoidance acquisition, prolonged reaction time in the hot-plate test and increased locomotor activity. Pretreatment with the selective serotonin (5-HT) uptake inhibitor zimeldine (10 mg/kg IP) blocked these behavioural effects. Degeneration of brain 5-HT neurons by a high neurotoxic dose of PCA (2×10 mg/kg IP) or inhibition of tryptophan hydroxylase by p-chlorophenylalanine (300 mg/kg IP) also blocked the behavioural effects of PCA. There was a complete blockade of the PCA-induced avoidance deficit following pretreatment with metergoline, a central 5-HT receptor blocking agent. On the other hand, metergoline failed to block the hot-plate analgesia and the increased locomotion caused by PCA. Depletion of brain NA and DA by the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor H44/68 did not counteract the PCA effect on avoidance or hot-plate performance, but reduced the locomotor stimulating effect. The selective NA neurotoxin DSP4 (50 mg/kg IP) or the opiate antagonist naloxone (1 mg/kg) failed to affect the PCA-induced modulations of the behaviours studied. In addition, PCA administration in doses that caused avoidance deficits, did not result in motor impairment as assessed by the tread mill test. The above results support the hypothesis that the PCA-induced impairment of active avoidance acquisition does not involve changes in nociception or altered locomotor activity. It is concluded that behavioural processes related to serotonergic neurotransmission can be independently modified, suggesting differences in the underlying 5-HT mechanisms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Key words Nitric oxide ; Prepulse inhibition ; Locomotor activity ; Schizophrenia ; Phencyclidine ; Amphetamine ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The ability of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N G-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), to block the behavioural effects of the potent psychotomimetic, phencyclidine, was tested in rats using two different behavioural models. L-NAME was found to block both phencyclidine-induced disruption of prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle and phencyclidine-induced stimulation of locomotor activity. A selective action of L-NAME on the effects of phencyclidine was indicated, since L-NAME did not alter the effects of amphetamine, another potent psychotomimetic, in these behavioural models. These observations suggest that a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism may be involved in the effects of phencyclidine in the central nervous system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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