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  • 1
    Keywords: Germany ; imaging ; SYSTEM ; SYSTEMS ; RESOLUTION ; TIME ; MARKER ; MR ; SEQUENCE ; SEQUENCES ; SIGNAL ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; FIELD ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; ACQUISITION ; RELAXATION ; TRACKING ; BIOPSY ; RE ; INTERVENTIONAL DEVICES ; INFUSION ; ENHANCEMENT ; SIZE ; COILS ; technique ; VIEW ; RARE ; CATHETERS ; DEFT ; device localization ; fast MRI ; INNER VOLUME ; inner volume imaging ; local look (LoLo) ; percutaneous intervention ; WIRES
    Abstract: Percutaneous MR-guided interventions with needles require fast pulse sequences to image the needle trajectory with minimal susceptibility artifacts. Spin-echo pulse sequences are well suited for reducing artifact size; however, even with single-shot turbo spin-echo techniques, such as rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) or half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE), fast imaging remains challenging. In this work we present a HASTE pulse sequence that is combined with inner-volume excitation to reduce the scan time and limit the imaging field of view (FOV) to a small strip close to the needle trajectory (targeted-HASTE). To compensate for signal saturation from fast repeated acquisitions, a magnetization restore pulse (driven equilibrium Fourier transform (DEFT)) is used. The sequence is combined with dedicated active marker coils to measure the position and orientation of the needle so that the targeted-HASTE image slice is automatically repositioned. In an animal experiment the coils were attached to an MR-compatible robotic assistance system for MR-guided interventions. Needle insertion and infusion via the needle could be visualized with a temporal resolution of 1 s, and the needle tip could be localized even in the presence of a stainless steel mandrel
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16795081
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  • 2
    Keywords: IRRADIATION ; CELL LUNG-CANCER ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; LUNG ; chest ; imaging ; SYSTEM ; DISEASE ; MARKER ; MRI ; CYCLE ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; magnetic resonance imaging ; MARKERS ; FUNCTION TESTS ; MOTION ; HEALTHY ; dynamic MRI ; ORGAN MOTION ; RE ; CHEST-WALL ; COEFFICIENT ; HEALTHY-SUBJECTS ; lung motion ; MECHANICS ; breathing maneuver ; DEEP INSPIRATION ; fiducial marker ; TUMOR-TRACKING RADIOTHERAPY
    Abstract: Purpose: To investigate, with dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) and a fiducial marker, the influence of different breathing maneuvers on internal organ and external chest wall motion. Methods and Materials: Lung and chest wall motion of 16 healthy subjects (13 male, 3 female) were examined with real-time trueFISP (true fast imaging with steady-state precession) dMRI and a small inductively coupled marker coil on either the abdomen or thorax. Three different breathing maneuvers were performed (predominantly "abdominal breathing," "thoracic breathing," and unspecific "normal breathing"). The craniocaudal (CC), anteroposterior (AP), and mediolateral (ML) lung distances were correlated (linear regression coefficient) with marker coil position during forced and quiet breathing. Results: Differences of the CC distance between maximum forced inspiration and expiration were significant between abdominal and thoracic breathing (p 〈 0.05). The correlation between CC distance and coil position was best for forced abdominal breathing and a marker coil in the abdominal position (r = 0.89 +/- 0.04); for AP and ML distance, forced thoracic breathing and a coil in the thoracic position was best (r = 0.84 +/- 0.03 and 0.82 +/- 0.03, respectively). In quiet breathing, a lower correlation was found. Conclusion: A fiducial marker coil external to the thorax in combination with dMRI is a new technique to yield quantitative information on the correlation of internal organ and external chest wall motion. Correlations are highly dependent on the breathing maneuver. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15850927
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