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  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; RISK ; TIME ; ANTIGEN ; SPECTROSCOPY ; MEN ; prostate cancer ; FEASIBILITY ; ultrasound ; COIL ; detection rate ; 1.5 T ; ROUTINE ; PSA ; TRUS ; MRI-guided biopsy ; Significant carcinoma
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate the positive biopsy rate of MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) in a routine clinical setting, identify factors predictive for positive biopsy findings and to report about the clinical significance of the diagnosed tumors. METHODS: Patients with at least one negative trans-rectal-ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB), persistently elevated or rising serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and at least one lesion suspicious for PCa on diagnostic 1.5 Tesla endorectal coil MRI (eMR) were included. Biopsies were carried out using a 1.5 Tesla MRI and an 18 G biopsy gun. Clinical information and biopsy results were collected; logistic regression analysis was carried out. Definite pathology reports of patients with diagnosis of PCa and subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) were analyzed for criteria of clinical significance. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included, mean number of previous biopsies was 2 (range 1-9), mean PSA at time of biopsy was 11.7 ng/ml (1.0-65.0), and mean prostate volume was 46.7 ccm (range 13-183). In 52/100 (52.0%) patients, PCa was detected. Out of 52 patients, 27 patients with a positive biopsy underwent RP, 20 patients radiation therapy, and 5 patients active surveillance. In total, 80.8% of the patients revealed a clinically significant PCa. In univariate regression analysis, only serum PSA levels were predictive for a positive biopsy result. Number of preceding negative biopsies was not associated with the likelihood of a positive biopsy result. CONCLUSIONS: MR-GB shows a high detection rate of clinically significant PCa in patients with previous negative TRUS-GB and persisting suspicion for PCa.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21512807
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  • 2
    Keywords: MEN ; GUIDANCE ; RESONANCE ; TIME TRANSRECTAL ULTRASOUND ; BIOPSY SYSTEM
    Abstract: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents the most accurate imaging modality for prostate cancer imaging to date. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is easily applied and therefore remains the gold standard for systematic prostate biopsies. However, the advantages of both modalities can be combined by image fusion. Currently, several image fusion devices are being implemented into clinical routine. First data show an increased detection rate of prostate cancer compared to systematic TRUS biopsies. At present prostatic deformation and intracorporeal movement represent technical challenges yet to be overcome. The present article gives an overview about the status of MRI-based biopsy techniques and highlights the current studies on the topic.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23483269
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  • 3
    Keywords: MODEL ; SYSTEM ; IMPACT ; MRI ; MEN ; FUSION ; ultrasound ; GUIDANCE ; ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE ; CANCER DETECTION
    Abstract: Objective: To optimize image-guided prostate biopsy by minimizing the target error with trocar-sharpened needle tips instead of beveled needles, which constantly deviate away from the bevel. Materials and Methods:We performed stereotactic biopsies on two prostate phantoms, which incorporate three randomly placed TRUS-visible lesions. Four stereotactic biopsies per lesion were taken under live-ultrasound guidance through a template: two biopsies with conventional beveled needles and two biopsies with novel trocar-sharpened needles. The procedural targeting error (PTE) between the virtually planned biopsy trajectory and the manually registered 3D needle position of every single biopsy core taken was calculated. Results: The absolute overall targeting error using the novel needle-tip design was 0.13 mm (SD: +/- 0.15 mm) with the highest PTE in the sagittal plane (0.18 +/- 0.16 mm), followed by the coronal (0.13 +/- 0.17 mm) and axial (0.09 +/- 0.05 mm) planes. Comparing the PTE of the novel trocar-shaped needles with conventional beveled needles, there was a statistically significant difference in the axial plane [p (overall) = 0.47, p(axial) = 0.03]. Conclusion: The targeting error of stereotactic biopsies using trocar-sharpened needles is significantly lower than the targeting error of classical beveled needles. Thus, trocar-tip configurations improve the accuracy of computer-assisted biopsies and allow precise assessment of suspicious lesions in the prostate and in other organs accessible to image-guided biopsy.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23838372
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