Key words Cochlear implant
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract In a retrospective analysis we evaluated the intra- and postoperative complications in children who underwent cochlear implantation between 1984 and 1993 at the Medizinische Hochschule Hannover. The data and records of 366 children were collected and analyzed. Relevant parameters were major complications such as significant infection, intraoperative bleeding, facial nerve injury, implant loss and device failure, as well as lesser complications, including delayed wound healing, chronic pain and vertigo. Late complications such as cholesteatoma or electrode dislocations were also registered. Cases of acute otitis media were managed with conservative treatment. Data presented indicate that cochlear implant surgery in children is a reliable and safe procedure with a low percentage of severe complications. Problems related to ear surgery can occur and should be manageable with standard procedures. Careful operative techniques and sufficient personal experience can help avoid severe postoperative problems.
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