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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-10-30
    Description: Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy with few effective therapies. We performed exome sequencing and copy number analysis to define genomic aberrations in a prospectively accrued clinical cohort (n = 142) of early (stage I and II) sporadic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Detailed analysis of 99 informative tumours identified substantial heterogeneity with 2,016 non-silent mutations and 1,628 copy-number variations. We define 16 significantly mutated genes, reaffirming known mutations (KRAS, TP53, CDKN2A, SMAD4, MLL3, TGFBR2, ARID1A and SF3B1), and uncover novel mutated genes including additional genes involved in chromatin modification (EPC1 and ARID2), DNA damage repair (ATM) and other mechanisms (ZIM2, MAP2K4, NALCN, SLC16A4 and MAGEA6). Integrative analysis with in vitro functional data and animal models provided supportive evidence for potential roles for these genetic aberrations in carcinogenesis. Pathway-based analysis of recurrently mutated genes recapitulated clustering in core signalling pathways in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and identified new mutated genes in each pathway. We also identified frequent and diverse somatic aberrations in genes described traditionally as embryonic regulators of axon guidance, particularly SLIT/ROBO signalling, which was also evident in murine Sleeping Beauty transposon-mediated somatic mutagenesis models of pancreatic cancer, providing further supportive evidence for the potential involvement of axon guidance genes in pancreatic carcinogenesis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530898/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3530898/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Biankin, Andrew V -- Waddell, Nicola -- Kassahn, Karin S -- Gingras, Marie-Claude -- Muthuswamy, Lakshmi B -- Johns, Amber L -- Miller, David K -- Wilson, Peter J -- Patch, Ann-Marie -- Wu, Jianmin -- Chang, David K -- Cowley, Mark J -- Gardiner, Brooke B -- Song, Sarah -- Harliwong, Ivon -- Idrisoglu, Senel -- Nourse, Craig -- Nourbakhsh, Ehsan -- Manning, Suzanne -- Wani, Shivangi -- Gongora, Milena -- Pajic, Marina -- Scarlett, Christopher J -- Gill, Anthony J -- Pinho, Andreia V -- Rooman, Ilse -- Anderson, Matthew -- Holmes, Oliver -- Leonard, Conrad -- Taylor, Darrin -- Wood, Scott -- Xu, Qinying -- Nones, Katia -- Fink, J Lynn -- Christ, Angelika -- Bruxner, Tim -- Cloonan, Nicole -- Kolle, Gabriel -- Newell, Felicity -- Pinese, Mark -- Mead, R Scott -- Humphris, Jeremy L -- Kaplan, Warren -- Jones, Marc D -- Colvin, Emily K -- Nagrial, Adnan M -- Humphrey, Emily S -- Chou, Angela -- Chin, Venessa T -- Chantrill, Lorraine A -- Mawson, Amanda -- Samra, Jaswinder S -- Kench, James G -- Lovell, Jessica A -- Daly, Roger J -- Merrett, Neil D -- Toon, Christopher -- Epari, Krishna -- Nguyen, Nam Q -- Barbour, Andrew -- Zeps, Nikolajs -- Australian Pancreatic Cancer Genome Initiative -- Kakkar, Nipun -- Zhao, Fengmei -- Wu, Yuan Qing -- Wang, Min -- Muzny, Donna M -- Fisher, William E -- Brunicardi, F Charles -- Hodges, Sally E -- Reid, Jeffrey G -- Drummond, Jennifer -- Chang, Kyle -- Han, Yi -- Lewis, Lora R -- Dinh, Huyen -- Buhay, Christian J -- Beck, Timothy -- Timms, Lee -- Sam, Michelle -- Begley, Kimberly -- Brown, Andrew -- Pai, Deepa -- Panchal, Ami -- Buchner, Nicholas -- De Borja, Richard -- Denroche, Robert E -- Yung, Christina K -- Serra, Stefano -- Onetto, Nicole -- Mukhopadhyay, Debabrata -- Tsao, Ming-Sound -- Shaw, Patricia A -- Petersen, Gloria M -- Gallinger, Steven -- Hruban, Ralph H -- Maitra, Anirban -- Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A -- Schulick, Richard D -- Wolfgang, Christopher L -- Morgan, Richard A -- Lawlor, Rita T -- Capelli, Paola -- Corbo, Vincenzo -- Scardoni, Maria -- Tortora, Giampaolo -- Tempero, Margaret A -- Mann, Karen M -- Jenkins, Nancy A -- Perez-Mancera, Pedro A -- Adams, David J -- Largaespada, David A -- Wessels, Lodewyk F A -- Rust, Alistair G -- Stein, Lincoln D -- Tuveson, David A -- Copeland, Neal G -- Musgrove, Elizabeth A -- Scarpa, Aldo -- Eshleman, James R -- Hudson, Thomas J -- Sutherland, Robert L -- Wheeler, David A -- Pearson, John V -- McPherson, John D -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Grimmond, Sean M -- 13031/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- 2P50CA101955/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01CA134292/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA101955/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA102701/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50CA062924/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA097075/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA97075/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2012 Nov 15;491(7424):399-405. doi: 10.1038/nature11547. Epub 2012 Oct 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, 370 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23103869" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Axons/*metabolism ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/*genetics/*pathology ; Gene Dosage ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Genome/*genetics ; Humans ; Kaplan-Meier Estimate ; Mice ; Mutation ; Pancreatic Neoplasms/*genetics/*pathology ; Proteins/genetics ; Signal Transduction
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-06-16
    Description: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) remains a lethal malignancy despite much progress concerning its molecular characterization. PDA tumours harbour four signature somatic mutations in addition to numerous lower frequency genetic events of uncertain significance. Here we use Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon-mediated insertional mutagenesis in a mouse model of pancreatic ductal preneoplasia to identify genes that cooperate with oncogenic Kras(G12D) to accelerate tumorigenesis and promote progression. Our screen revealed new candidate genes for PDA and confirmed the importance of many genes and pathways previously implicated in human PDA. The most commonly mutated gene was the X-linked deubiquitinase Usp9x, which was inactivated in over 50% of the tumours. Although previous work had attributed a pro-survival role to USP9X in human neoplasia, we found instead that loss of Usp9x enhances transformation and protects pancreatic cancer cells from anoikis. Clinically, low USP9X protein and messenger RNA expression in PDA correlates with poor survival after surgery, and USP9X levels are inversely associated with metastatic burden in advanced disease. Furthermore, chromatin modulation with trichostatin A or 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine elevates USP9X expression in human PDA cell lines, indicating a clinical approach for certain patients. The conditional deletion of Usp9x cooperated with Kras(G12D) to accelerate pancreatic tumorigenesis in mice, validating their genetic interaction. We propose that USP9X is a major tumour suppressor gene with prognostic and therapeutic relevance in PDA.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3376394/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3376394/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Perez-Mancera, Pedro A -- Rust, Alistair G -- van der Weyden, Louise -- Kristiansen, Glen -- Li, Allen -- Sarver, Aaron L -- Silverstein, Kevin A T -- Grutzmann, Robert -- Aust, Daniela -- Rummele, Petra -- Knosel, Thomas -- Herd, Colin -- Stemple, Derek L -- Kettleborough, Ross -- Brosnan, Jacqueline A -- Li, Ang -- Morgan, Richard -- Knight, Spencer -- Yu, Jun -- Stegeman, Shane -- Collier, Lara S -- ten Hoeve, Jelle J -- de Ridder, Jeroen -- Klein, Alison P -- Goggins, Michael -- Hruban, Ralph H -- Chang, David K -- Biankin, Andrew V -- Grimmond, Sean M -- Australian Pancreatic Cancer Genome Initiative -- Wessels, Lodewyk F A -- Wood, Stephen A -- Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A -- Pilarsky, Christian -- Largaespada, David A -- Adams, David J -- Tuveson, David A -- 13031/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- 2P50CA101955/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA106610/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA122183/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA128920/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA62924/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- K01 CA122183/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- K01 CA122183-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA101955/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50CA62924/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 29;486(7402):266-70. doi: 10.1038/nature11114.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Li Ka Shing Centre, Cambridge Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22699621" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Anoikis/genetics ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/*enzymology/genetics/pathology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Disease Models, Animal ; Endopeptidases ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Humans ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Pancreatic Neoplasms/*enzymology/genetics/pathology ; U937 Cells ; Ubiquitin Thiolesterase/*genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-02-27
    Description: Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal of malignancies and a major health burden. We performed whole-genome sequencing and copy number variation (CNV) analysis of 100 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Chromosomal rearrangements leading to gene disruption were prevalent, affecting genes known to be important in pancreatic cancer (TP53, SMAD4, CDKN2A, ARID1A and ROBO2) and new candidate drivers of pancreatic carcinogenesis (KDM6A and PREX2). Patterns of structural variation (variation in chromosomal structure) classified PDACs into 4 subtypes with potential clinical utility: the subtypes were termed stable, locally rearranged, scattered and unstable. A significant proportion harboured focal amplifications, many of which contained druggable oncogenes (ERBB2, MET, FGFR1, CDK6, PIK3R3 and PIK3CA), but at low individual patient prevalence. Genomic instability co-segregated with inactivation of DNA maintenance genes (BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2) and a mutational signature of DNA damage repair deficiency. Of 8 patients who received platinum therapy, 4 of 5 individuals with these measures of defective DNA maintenance responded.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4523082/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4523082/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Waddell, Nicola -- Pajic, Marina -- Patch, Ann-Marie -- Chang, David K -- Kassahn, Karin S -- Bailey, Peter -- Johns, Amber L -- Miller, David -- Nones, Katia -- Quek, Kelly -- Quinn, Michael C J -- Robertson, Alan J -- Fadlullah, Muhammad Z H -- Bruxner, Tim J C -- Christ, Angelika N -- Harliwong, Ivon -- Idrisoglu, Senel -- Manning, Suzanne -- Nourse, Craig -- Nourbakhsh, Ehsan -- Wani, Shivangi -- Wilson, Peter J -- Markham, Emma -- Cloonan, Nicole -- Anderson, Matthew J -- Fink, J Lynn -- Holmes, Oliver -- Kazakoff, Stephen H -- Leonard, Conrad -- Newell, Felicity -- Poudel, Barsha -- Song, Sarah -- Taylor, Darrin -- Waddell, Nick -- Wood, Scott -- Xu, Qinying -- Wu, Jianmin -- Pinese, Mark -- Cowley, Mark J -- Lee, Hong C -- Jones, Marc D -- Nagrial, Adnan M -- Humphris, Jeremy -- Chantrill, Lorraine A -- Chin, Venessa -- Steinmann, Angela M -- Mawson, Amanda -- Humphrey, Emily S -- Colvin, Emily K -- Chou, Angela -- Scarlett, Christopher J -- Pinho, Andreia V -- Giry-Laterriere, Marc -- Rooman, Ilse -- Samra, Jaswinder S -- Kench, James G -- Pettitt, Jessica A -- Merrett, Neil D -- Toon, Christopher -- Epari, Krishna -- Nguyen, Nam Q -- Barbour, Andrew -- Zeps, Nikolajs -- Jamieson, Nigel B -- Graham, Janet S -- Niclou, Simone P -- Bjerkvig, Rolf -- Grutzmann, Robert -- Aust, Daniela -- Hruban, Ralph H -- Maitra, Anirban -- Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A -- Wolfgang, Christopher L -- Morgan, Richard A -- Lawlor, Rita T -- Corbo, Vincenzo -- Bassi, Claudio -- Falconi, Massimo -- Zamboni, Giuseppe -- Tortora, Giampaolo -- Tempero, Margaret A -- Australian Pancreatic Cancer Genome Initiative -- Gill, Anthony J -- Eshleman, James R -- Pilarsky, Christian -- Scarpa, Aldo -- Musgrove, Elizabeth A -- Pearson, John V -- Biankin, Andrew V -- Grimmond, Sean M -- 103721/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- C29717/A17263/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- C596/A18076/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- P30 CA006973/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA016672/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA062924/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA62924/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Feb 26;518(7540):495-501. doi: 10.1038/nature14169.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia [2] QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston Road, Brisbane 4006, Australia. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] St Vincent's Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, New South Wales 2010, Australia. ; Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] Department of Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Eldridge Road, Bankstown, Sydney, New South Wales 2200, Australia [3] South Western Sydney Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Liverpool, New South Wales 2170, Australia [4] Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK. ; 1] Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia [2] Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK. ; The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] Department of Anatomical Pathology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] School of Environmental &Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, New South Wales 2258, Australia. ; 1] Department of Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Sydney, New South Wales 2065, Australia [2] University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia [3] Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales 2050, Australia. ; 1] Department of Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Eldridge Road, Bankstown, Sydney, New South Wales 2200, Australia [2] School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales 2175, Australia. ; Department of Surgery, Fremantle Hospital, Alma Street, Fremantle, Western Australia 6160, Australia. ; Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. ; Department of Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Rd, Woollongabba, Queensland 4102, Australia. ; 1] School of Surgery M507, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Nedlands 6009, Australia [2] St John of God Pathology, 12 Salvado Rd, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia [3] Bendat Family Comprehensive Cancer Centre, St John of God Subiaco Hospital, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia. ; 1] Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK [2] Academic Unit of Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 OSF, UK [3] West of Scotland Pancreatic Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK. ; 1] Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK [2] Department of Medical Oncology, Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre, 1053 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0YN, UK. ; Norlux Neuro-Oncology Laboratory, CRP-Sante Luxembourg, 84 Val Fleuri, L-1526, Luxembourg. ; Norlux Neuro-Oncology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 91, N-5019 Bergen, Norway. ; Departments of Surgery and Pathology, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany. ; Department of Pathology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA. ; Departments of Pathology and Translational Molecular Pathology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston Texas 77030, USA. ; The David M. Rubenstein Pancreatic Cancer Research Center and Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA. ; Department of Surgery, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA. ; 1] ARC-NET Centre for Applied Research on Cancer, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy [2] Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; ARC-NET Centre for Applied Research on Cancer, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Department of Surgery and Oncology, Pancreas Institute, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; 1] Department of Surgery and Oncology, Pancreas Institute, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy [2] Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Negrar, Verona 37024, Italy. ; 1] Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy [2] Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Negrar, Verona 37024, Italy. ; Department of Oncology, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94122, USA. ; 1] The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Cancer Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, University of New South Wales, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia [2] University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. ; Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25719666" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy/genetics ; Animals ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/drug therapy/genetics ; *DNA Mutational Analysis ; DNA Repair/genetics ; Female ; Genes, BRCA1 ; Genes, BRCA2 ; Genetic Markers/genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomic Instability/genetics ; *Genomics ; Genotype ; Humans ; Mice ; Mutation/*genetics ; Pancreatic Neoplasms/classification/drug therapy/*genetics ; Platinum/pharmacology ; Point Mutation/genetics ; Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors ; Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-02-26
    Description: Integrated genomic analysis of 456 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas identified 32 recurrently mutated genes that aggregate into 10 pathways: KRAS, TGF-beta, WNT, NOTCH, ROBO/SLIT signalling, G1/S transition, SWI-SNF, chromatin modification, DNA repair and RNA processing. Expression analysis defined 4 subtypes: (1) squamous; (2) pancreatic progenitor; (3) immunogenic; and (4) aberrantly differentiated endocrine exocrine (ADEX) that correlate with histopathological characteristics. Squamous tumours are enriched for TP53 and KDM6A mutations, upregulation of the TP63N transcriptional network, hypermethylation of pancreatic endodermal cell-fate determining genes and have a poor prognosis. Pancreatic progenitor tumours preferentially express genes involved in early pancreatic development (FOXA2/3, PDX1 and MNX1). ADEX tumours displayed upregulation of genes that regulate networks involved in KRAS activation, exocrine (NR5A2 and RBPJL), and endocrine differentiation (NEUROD1 and NKX2-2). Immunogenic tumours contained upregulated immune networks including pathways involved in acquired immune suppression. These data infer differences in the molecular evolution of pancreatic cancer subtypes and identify opportunities for therapeutic development.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bailey, Peter -- Chang, David K -- Nones, Katia -- Johns, Amber L -- Patch, Ann-Marie -- Gingras, Marie-Claude -- Miller, David K -- Christ, Angelika N -- Bruxner, Tim J C -- Quinn, Michael C -- Nourse, Craig -- Murtaugh, L Charles -- Harliwong, Ivon -- Idrisoglu, Senel -- Manning, Suzanne -- Nourbakhsh, Ehsan -- Wani, Shivangi -- Fink, Lynn -- Holmes, Oliver -- Chin, Venessa -- Anderson, Matthew J -- Kazakoff, Stephen -- Leonard, Conrad -- Newell, Felicity -- Waddell, Nick -- Wood, Scott -- Xu, Qinying -- Wilson, Peter J -- Cloonan, Nicole -- Kassahn, Karin S -- Taylor, Darrin -- Quek, Kelly -- Robertson, Alan -- Pantano, Lorena -- Mincarelli, Laura -- Sanchez, Luis N -- Evers, Lisa -- Wu, Jianmin -- Pinese, Mark -- Cowley, Mark J -- Jones, Marc D -- Colvin, Emily K -- Nagrial, Adnan M -- Humphrey, Emily S -- Chantrill, Lorraine A -- Mawson, Amanda -- Humphris, Jeremy -- Chou, Angela -- Pajic, Marina -- Scarlett, Christopher J -- Pinho, Andreia V -- Giry-Laterriere, Marc -- Rooman, Ilse -- Samra, Jaswinder S -- Kench, James G -- Lovell, Jessica A -- Merrett, Neil D -- Toon, Christopher W -- Epari, Krishna -- Nguyen, Nam Q -- Barbour, Andrew -- Zeps, Nikolajs -- Moran-Jones, Kim -- Jamieson, Nigel B -- Graham, Janet S -- Duthie, Fraser -- Oien, Karin -- Hair, Jane -- Grutzmann, Robert -- Maitra, Anirban -- Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christine A -- Wolfgang, Christopher L -- Morgan, Richard A -- Lawlor, Rita T -- Corbo, Vincenzo -- Bassi, Claudio -- Rusev, Borislav -- Capelli, Paola -- Salvia, Roberto -- Tortora, Giampaolo -- Mukhopadhyay, Debabrata -- Petersen, Gloria M -- Australian Pancreatic Cancer Genome Initiative -- Munzy, Donna M -- Fisher, William E -- Karim, Saadia A -- Eshleman, James R -- Hruban, Ralph H -- Pilarsky, Christian -- Morton, Jennifer P -- Sansom, Owen J -- Scarpa, Aldo -- Musgrove, Elizabeth A -- Bailey, Ulla-Maja Hagbo -- Hofmann, Oliver -- Sutherland, Robert L -- Wheeler, David A -- Gill, Anthony J -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Pearson, John V -- Waddell, Nicola -- Biankin, Andrew V -- Grimmond, Sean M -- 103721/Z/14/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- A12481/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- A18076/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- C29717/A17263/Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):47-52. doi: 10.1038/nature16965. Epub 2016 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Queensland Centre for Medical Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. ; Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK. ; The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, 370 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, and the Cancer Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria St, Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia. ; Department of Surgery, Bankstown Hospital, Eldridge Road, Bankstown, Sydney, New South Wales 2200, Australia. ; South Western Sydney Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Liverpool, New South Wales 2170, Australia. ; QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia. ; Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. ; Michael DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. ; Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. ; Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA. ; Genetic and Molecular Pathology, SA Pathology, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. ; School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. ; Harvard Chan Bioinformatics Core, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Macarthur Cancer Therapy Centre, Campbelltown Hospital, New South Wales 2560, Australia. ; Department of Pathology. SydPath, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia. ; St Vincent's Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, New South Wales 2052, Australia. ; School of Environmental &Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, New South Wales 2258, Australia. ; Department of Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Sydney, New South Wales 2065, Australia. ; University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. ; Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown New South Wales 2050, Australia. ; School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales 2175, Australia. ; Fiona Stanley Hospital, Robin Warren Drive, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia. ; Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. ; Department of Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Rd, Woollongabba, Queensland 4102, Australia. ; School of Surgery M507, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Nedlands 6009, Australia and St John of God Pathology, 12 Salvado Rd, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia. ; Academic Unit of Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 OSF, UK. ; West of Scotland Pancreatic Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre, 1053 Great Western Road, Glasgow G12 0YN, UK. ; Department of Pathology, Southern General Hospital, Greater Glasgow &Clyde NHS, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK. ; GGC Bio-repository, Pathology Department, Southern General Hospital, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G51 4TY, UK. ; Department of Surgery, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany. ; Departments of Pathology and Translational Molecular Pathology, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston Texas 77030, USA. ; The David M. Rubenstein Pancreatic Cancer Research Center and Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA. ; Department of Pathology, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA. ; Department of Surgery, The Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA. ; ARC-Net Applied Research on Cancer Centre, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Department of Surgery, Pancreas Institute, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Comprehensive Cancer Centre, University and Hospital Trust of Verona, Verona 37134, Italy. ; Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. ; Elkins Pancreas Center, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, MS226, Houston, Texas 77030-3411, USA. ; Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK. ; Institute for Cancer Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. ; University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26909576" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic ; Ductal/classification/genetics/immunology/metabolism/pathology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; DNA Methylation ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Gene Regulatory Networks ; Genes, Neoplasm/*genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; *Genomics ; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta/genetics ; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-gamma/genetics ; Histone Demethylases/genetics ; Homeodomain Proteins/genetics ; Humans ; Mice ; Mutation/*genetics ; Nuclear Proteins/genetics ; Pancreatic Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics/immunology/metabolism/pathology ; Prognosis ; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics ; Survival Analysis ; Trans-Activators/genetics ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Transcription, Genetic ; Transcriptome ; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 10 (1989), S. 850-855 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Molecular dynamics simulations out to 100 ps have been carried out at 300 K in vacuo on the repeating pentapeptide, (VPGVG), of the elastin fiber. The structure employed in the simulation is a β-spiral (helical structure) with 2.7 pentamers per turn and with a 9.45 Å rise per turn and 21.6 Å rise per turn in the relaxed and extended states, respectively. Large amplitude backbone torsion angle fluctuations are observed in the relaxed state, and significant damping is observed upon extension, particularly in the suspended segments of the β-spiral structure. Accordingly the entropy change an extension was computed and found to be a substantial -1.1 entropy units per residue. The various energy components are compared for relaxed and extended states and the relevance of the results to the molecular mechanism of entropic elasticity is discussed.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The synthetic polytetrapeptide using the repeating sequence VPGG found in the fibrous protein, elastin, exhibits a reversible inverse temperature transition, i.e., the molecular order increases on raising the temperature of the polypeptide in aqueous solutions. The matrices formed from the coacervate by γ-irradiation-induced cross-linking exhibit an elastic modulus and temperature dependence of elastomeric force with similarity to that of fibrous elastin. As demonstrated on poly(VPGVG), which forms a β-spiral structure with recurring Type II β-turns, the molecular structure of the elastin-based polypeptides is fundamental to an understanding of the mechanism of elasticity.It was found previously that the repeating unit VPGG in the polytetrapeptide forms a Type II β-turn with a hydrogen bond between Val1 C=O and Gly4 NH. This secondary structural feature is confirmed in this report by 2D NMR data as indicated by specific NOE cross-peaks, particularly, dNN(3,4), dαN(2,3), dαN(2,4), and dγN(1,4). The same secondary structural feature is found in the 2D NMR data for its analog polypeptide, poly(IPGG).The NMR data provide conclusive evidence for the Type II β-turn secondary structure. Molecular mechanics computations were performed to develop a more detailed tertiary structure for the polytetrapeptides. The ECEPP/2 potential field and build-up strategy were employed in mapping conformational space of VPGG and its high polymer. In addition, helical structures are sought using the Go-Scheraga condition, on the assumption that the repeated sequence would preferentially adopt a helical or nearhelical conformation on optimization of intramolecular hydrophobic contacts. A number of structures with helically recurring β-turns was obtained and can be used as starting structures in future studies that are to include hydration. The structures were also evaluated in terms of potential energy using the CHARMm force field.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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