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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-01-21
    Description: Many tumours are composed of genetically diverse cells; however, little is known about how diversity evolves or the impact that diversity has on functional properties. Here, using xenografting and DNA copy number alteration (CNA) profiling of human BCR-ABL1 lymphoblastic leukaemia, we demonstrate that genetic diversity occurs in functionally defined leukaemia-initiating cells and that many diagnostic patient samples contain multiple genetically distinct leukaemia-initiating cell subclones. Reconstructing the subclonal genetic ancestry of several samples by CNA profiling demonstrated a branching multi-clonal evolution model of leukaemogenesis, rather than linear succession. For some patient samples, the predominant diagnostic clone repopulated xenografts, whereas in others it was outcompeted by minor subclones. Reconstitution with the predominant diagnosis clone was associated with more aggressive growth properties in xenografts, deletion of CDKN2A and CDKN2B, and a trend towards poorer patient outcome. Our findings link clonal diversity with leukaemia-initiating-cell function and underscore the importance of developing therapies that eradicate all intratumoral subclones.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Notta, Faiyaz -- Mullighan, Charles G -- Wang, Jean C Y -- Poeppl, Armando -- Doulatov, Sergei -- Phillips, Letha A -- Ma, Jing -- Minden, Mark D -- Downing, James R -- Dick, John E -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- England -- Nature. 2011 Jan 20;469(7330):362-7. doi: 10.1038/nature09733.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Stem Cell and Developmental Biology, Campbell Family Institute for Cancer Research/Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21248843" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Survival ; Clone Cells/*metabolism/*pathology ; Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15/deficiency/genetics ; DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics ; Disease Progression ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/*genetics ; Genes, p16 ; Humans ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred NOD ; Mice, SCID ; Models, Biological ; Neoplasm Transplantation ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis ; Philadelphia Chromosome ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics ; Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/*genetics/*pathology ; Survival Rate ; Transplantation, Heterologous
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-06-23
    Description: Medulloblastoma is a malignant childhood brain tumour comprising four discrete subgroups. Here, to identify mutations that drive medulloblastoma, we sequenced the entire genomes of 37 tumours and matched normal blood. One-hundred and thirty-six genes harbouring somatic mutations in this discovery set were sequenced in an additional 56 medulloblastomas. Recurrent mutations were detected in 41 genes not yet implicated in medulloblastoma; several target distinct components of the epigenetic machinery in different disease subgroups, such as regulators of H3K27 and H3K4 trimethylation in subgroups 3 and 4 (for example, KDM6A and ZMYM3), and CTNNB1-associated chromatin re-modellers in WNT-subgroup tumours (for example, SMARCA4 and CREBBP). Modelling of mutations in mouse lower rhombic lip progenitors that generate WNT-subgroup tumours identified genes that maintain this cell lineage (DDX3X), as well as mutated genes that initiate (CDH1) or cooperate (PIK3CA) in tumorigenesis. These data provide important new insights into the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma subgroups and highlight targets for therapeutic development.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3412905/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3412905/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Robinson, Giles -- Parker, Matthew -- Kranenburg, Tanya A -- Lu, Charles -- Chen, Xiang -- Ding, Li -- Phoenix, Timothy N -- Hedlund, Erin -- Wei, Lei -- Zhu, Xiaoyan -- Chalhoub, Nader -- Baker, Suzanne J -- Huether, Robert -- Kriwacki, Richard -- Curley, Natasha -- Thiruvenkatam, Radhika -- Wang, Jianmin -- Wu, Gang -- Rusch, Michael -- Hong, Xin -- Becksfort, Jared -- Gupta, Pankaj -- Ma, Jing -- Easton, John -- Vadodaria, Bhavin -- Onar-Thomas, Arzu -- Lin, Tong -- Li, Shaoyi -- Pounds, Stanley -- Paugh, Steven -- Zhao, David -- Kawauchi, Daisuke -- Roussel, Martine F -- Finkelstein, David -- Ellison, David W -- Lau, Ching C -- Bouffet, Eric -- Hassall, Tim -- Gururangan, Sridharan -- Cohn, Richard -- Fulton, Robert S -- Fulton, Lucinda L -- Dooling, David J -- Ochoa, Kerri -- Gajjar, Amar -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Wilson, Richard K -- Downing, James R -- Zhang, Jinghui -- Gilbertson, Richard J -- P01 CA096832/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01CA96832/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA021765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30CA021765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA129541/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA129541/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 2;488(7409):43-8. doi: 10.1038/nature11213.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22722829" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; CREB-Binding Protein/genetics ; Cadherins/genetics ; Cdh1 Proteins ; Cell Cycle Proteins/deficiency/genetics ; Cell Lineage ; Cerebellar Neoplasms/*classification/*genetics/pathology ; Child ; DEAD-box RNA Helicases/genetics ; DNA Copy Number Variations ; DNA Helicases/genetics ; DNA Mutational Analysis ; Disease Models, Animal ; Genome, Human/genetics ; Genomics ; Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism ; Histone Demethylases/genetics ; Histones/metabolism ; Humans ; Medulloblastoma/*classification/*genetics/pathology ; Methylation ; Mice ; Mutation/*genetics ; Nuclear Proteins/genetics ; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Wnt Proteins/metabolism ; beta Catenin/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2012-01-13
    Description: Retinoblastoma is an aggressive childhood cancer of the developing retina that is initiated by the biallelic loss of RB1. Tumours progress very quickly following RB1 inactivation but the underlying mechanism is not known. Here we show that the retinoblastoma genome is stable, but that multiple cancer pathways can be epigenetically deregulated. To identify the mutations that cooperate with RB1 loss, we performed whole-genome sequencing of retinoblastomas. The overall mutational rate was very low; RB1 was the only known cancer gene mutated. We then evaluated the role of RB1 in genome stability and considered non-genetic mechanisms of cancer pathway deregulation. For example, the proto-oncogene SYK is upregulated in retinoblastoma and is required for tumour cell survival. Targeting SYK with a small-molecule inhibitor induced retinoblastoma tumour cell death in vitro and in vivo. Thus, retinoblastomas may develop quickly as a result of the epigenetic deregulation of key cancer pathways as a direct or indirect result of RB1 loss.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3289956/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3289956/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zhang, Jinghui -- Benavente, Claudia A -- McEvoy, Justina -- Flores-Otero, Jacqueline -- Ding, Li -- Chen, Xiang -- Ulyanov, Anatoly -- Wu, Gang -- Wilson, Matthew -- Wang, Jianmin -- Brennan, Rachel -- Rusch, Michael -- Manning, Amity L -- Ma, Jing -- Easton, John -- Shurtleff, Sheila -- Mullighan, Charles -- Pounds, Stanley -- Mukatira, Suraj -- Gupta, Pankaj -- Neale, Geoff -- Zhao, David -- Lu, Charles -- Fulton, Robert S -- Fulton, Lucinda L -- Hong, Xin -- Dooling, David J -- Ochoa, Kerri -- Naeve, Clayton -- Dyson, Nicholas J -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Bahrami, Armita -- Ellison, David -- Wilson, Richard K -- Downing, James R -- Dyer, Michael A -- CA21765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA64402/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- EY014867/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- EY018599/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- GM81607/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA155202/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY014867/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY014867-02/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018599/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY018599-03/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Jan 11;481(7381):329-34. doi: 10.1038/nature10733.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22237022" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aneuploidy ; Animals ; Cell Death/drug effects ; Cell Line ; Cell Survival/drug effects ; Chromosomal Instability/genetics ; Epigenesis, Genetic/*genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Genes, Retinoblastoma/genetics ; *Genomics ; Humans ; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/antagonists & ; inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Mice ; *Molecular Targeted Therapy ; Mutation/genetics ; Protein Kinase Inhibitors/*pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Retinoblastoma/*drug therapy/*genetics/pathology ; Retinoblastoma Protein/deficiency/genetics ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-11-11
    Description: Lysosomal degradation of cytoplasmic components by autophagy is essential for cellular survival and homeostasis under nutrient-deprived conditions. Acute regulation of autophagy by nutrient-sensing kinases is well defined, but longer-term transcriptional regulation is relatively unknown. Here we show that the fed-state sensing nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and the fasting transcriptional activator cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) coordinately regulate the hepatic autophagy gene network. Pharmacological activation of FXR repressed many autophagy genes and inhibited autophagy even in fasted mice, and feeding-mediated inhibition of macroautophagy was attenuated in FXR-knockout mice. From mouse liver chromatin immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing data, FXR and CREB binding peaks were detected at 178 and 112 genes, respectively, out of 230 autophagy-related genes, and 78 genes showed shared binding, mostly in their promoter regions. CREB promoted autophagic degradation of lipids, or lipophagy, under nutrient-deprived conditions, and FXR inhibited this response. Mechanistically, CREB upregulated autophagy genes, including Atg7, Ulk1 and Tfeb, by recruiting the coactivator CRTC2. After feeding or pharmacological activation, FXR trans-repressed these genes by disrupting the functional CREB-CRTC2 complex. This study identifies the new FXR-CREB axis as a key physiological switch regulating autophagy, resulting in sustained nutrient regulation of autophagy during feeding/fasting cycles.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4257899/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4257899/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Seok, Sunmi -- Fu, Ting -- Choi, Sung-E -- Li, Yang -- Zhu, Rong -- Kumar, Subodh -- Sun, Xiaoxiao -- Yoon, Gyesoon -- Kang, Yup -- Zhong, Wenxuan -- Ma, Jian -- Kemper, Byron -- Kemper, Jongsook Kim -- DK62777/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK95842/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK062777/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK095842/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Dec 4;516(7529):108-11. doi: 10.1038/nature13949. Epub 2014 Nov 12.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA. ; 1] Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA [2] Institute for Medical Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 442-749, Korea. ; Department of Bioengineering and the Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA. ; Department of Statistics, University of Georgia, Athens, Gerogia 30602, USA. ; Institute for Medical Science, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 442-749, Korea.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25383523" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Autophagy/*genetics ; Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/*metabolism ; Fasting/physiology ; *Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects ; Isoxazoles/pharmacology ; Liver/cytology/metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Protein Binding ; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/agonists/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2012-06-09
    Description: Radial glial cells are the primary neural progenitor cells in the developing neocortex. Consecutive asymmetric divisions of individual radial glial progenitor cells produce a number of sister excitatory neurons that migrate along the elongated radial glial fibre, resulting in the formation of ontogenetic columns. Moreover, sister excitatory neurons in ontogenetic columns preferentially develop specific chemical synapses with each other rather than with nearby non-siblings. Although these findings provide crucial insight into the emergence of functional columns in the neocortex, little is known about the basis of this lineage-dependent assembly of excitatory neuron microcircuits at single-cell resolution. Here we show that transient electrical coupling between radially aligned sister excitatory neurons regulates the subsequent formation of specific chemical synapses in the neocortex. Multiple-electrode whole-cell recordings showed that sister excitatory neurons preferentially form strong electrical coupling with each other rather than with adjacent non-sister excitatory neurons during early postnatal stages. This preferential coupling allows selective electrical communication between sister excitatory neurons, promoting their action potential generation and synchronous firing. Interestingly, although this electrical communication largely disappears before the appearance of chemical synapses, blockade of the electrical communication impairs the subsequent formation of specific chemical synapses between sister excitatory neurons in ontogenetic columns. These results suggest a strong link between lineage-dependent transient electrical coupling and the assembly of precise excitatory neuron microcircuits in the neocortex.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3599787/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3599787/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Yu, Yong-Chun -- He, Shuijin -- Chen, She -- Fu, Yinghui -- Brown, Keith N -- Yao, Xing-Hua -- Ma, Jian -- Gao, Kate P -- Sosinsky, Gina E -- Huang, Kun -- Shi, Song-Hai -- R01 DA024681/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM065937/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM072881/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01DA024681/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- R01GM065947/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R21 MH083624/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R21MH083624/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R21NS072483/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 May 2;486(7401):113-7. doi: 10.1038/nature10958.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute of Neurobiology, State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Fudan University, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Shanghai 200032, China. ycyu@fudan.edu.cn〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22678291" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Action Potentials/drug effects ; Animals ; Animals, Newborn ; *Cell Lineage ; *Electric Conductivity ; Electrical Synapses/metabolism/*physiology ; Gap Junctions/drug effects/*metabolism ; Meclofenamic Acid/pharmacology ; Mice ; Models, Neurological ; Neocortex/*cytology ; Neurons/*cytology/drug effects/*physiology ; Synaptic Transmission
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2014-02-21
    Description: Members of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) family of transcriptional regulators are central mediators of the cellular inflammatory response. Although constitutive NF-kappaB signalling is present in most human tumours, mutations in pathway members are rare, complicating efforts to understand and block aberrant NF-kappaB activity in cancer. Here we show that more than two-thirds of supratentorial ependymomas contain oncogenic fusions between RELA, the principal effector of canonical NF-kappaB signalling, and an uncharacterized gene, C11orf95. In each case, C11orf95-RELA fusions resulted from chromothripsis involving chromosome 11q13.1. C11orf95-RELA fusion proteins translocated spontaneously to the nucleus to activate NF-kappaB target genes, and rapidly transformed neural stem cells--the cell of origin of ependymoma--to form these tumours in mice. Our data identify a highly recurrent genetic alteration of RELA in human cancer, and the C11orf95-RELA fusion protein as a potential therapeutic target in supratentorial ependymoma.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4050669/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4050669/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Parker, Matthew -- Mohankumar, Kumarasamypet M -- Punchihewa, Chandanamali -- Weinlich, Ricardo -- Dalton, James D -- Li, Yongjin -- Lee, Ryan -- Tatevossian, Ruth G -- Phoenix, Timothy N -- Thiruvenkatam, Radhika -- White, Elsie -- Tang, Bo -- Orisme, Wilda -- Gupta, Kirti -- Rusch, Michael -- Chen, Xiang -- Li, Yuxin -- Nagahawhatte, Panduka -- Hedlund, Erin -- Finkelstein, David -- Wu, Gang -- Shurtleff, Sheila -- Easton, John -- Boggs, Kristy -- Yergeau, Donald -- Vadodaria, Bhavin -- Mulder, Heather L -- Becksfort, Jared -- Gupta, Pankaj -- Huether, Robert -- Ma, Jing -- Song, Guangchun -- Gajjar, Amar -- Merchant, Thomas -- Boop, Frederick -- Smith, Amy A -- Ding, Li -- Lu, Charles -- Ochoa, Kerri -- Zhao, David -- Fulton, Robert S -- Fulton, Lucinda L -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Wilson, Richard K -- Downing, James R -- Green, Douglas R -- Zhang, Jinghui -- Ellison, David W -- Gilbertson, Richard J -- P01 CA096832/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01CA96832/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA021765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30CA021765/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA129541/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA129541/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Feb 27;506(7489):451-5. doi: 10.1038/nature13109. Epub 2014 Feb 19.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [3]. ; 1] Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2]. ; 1] Department of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2]. ; 1] Department of Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2]. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Department of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Department of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; 1] Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; Department of Surgery, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; MD Anderson Cancer Center Orlando, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 92 West Miller MP 318, Orlando, Florida 32806, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] The Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA [3] Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] The Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] The Genome Institute, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA [3] Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA [4] Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. ; Department of Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA. ; 1] St. Jude Children's Research Hospital - Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA [2] Department of Developmental Neurobiology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24553141" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics/metabolism ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Brain Neoplasms/genetics/metabolism/pathology ; Cell Line ; Cell Nucleus/metabolism ; *Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics ; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11/genetics ; Ependymoma/*genetics/*metabolism/pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Mice ; Models, Genetic ; Molecular Sequence Data ; NF-kappa B/genetics/*metabolism ; Neural Stem Cells/metabolism/pathology ; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics/metabolism ; Phosphoproteins/genetics/metabolism ; Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; *Signal Transduction ; Transcription Factor RelA/genetics/*metabolism ; Translocation, Genetic/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-07-23
    Description: G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) signal primarily through G proteins or arrestins. Arrestin binding to GPCRs blocks G protein interaction and redirects signalling to numerous G-protein-independent pathways. Here we report the crystal structure of a constitutively active form of human rhodopsin bound to a pre-activated form of the mouse visual arrestin, determined by serial femtosecond X-ray laser crystallography. Together with extensive biochemical and mutagenesis data, the structure reveals an overall architecture of the rhodopsin-arrestin assembly in which rhodopsin uses distinct structural elements, including transmembrane helix 7 and helix 8, to recruit arrestin. Correspondingly, arrestin adopts the pre-activated conformation, with a approximately 20 degrees rotation between the amino and carboxy domains, which opens up a cleft in arrestin to accommodate a short helix formed by the second intracellular loop of rhodopsin. This structure provides a basis for understanding GPCR-mediated arrestin-biased signalling and demonstrates the power of X-ray lasers for advancing the frontiers of structural biology.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4521999/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4521999/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kang, Yanyong -- Zhou, X Edward -- Gao, Xiang -- He, Yuanzheng -- Liu, Wei -- Ishchenko, Andrii -- Barty, Anton -- White, Thomas A -- Yefanov, Oleksandr -- Han, Gye Won -- Xu, Qingping -- de Waal, Parker W -- Ke, Jiyuan -- Tan, M H Eileen -- Zhang, Chenghai -- Moeller, Arne -- West, Graham M -- Pascal, Bruce D -- Van Eps, Ned -- Caro, Lydia N -- Vishnivetskiy, Sergey A -- Lee, Regina J -- Suino-Powell, Kelly M -- Gu, Xin -- Pal, Kuntal -- Ma, Jinming -- Zhi, Xiaoyong -- Boutet, Sebastien -- Williams, Garth J -- Messerschmidt, Marc -- Gati, Cornelius -- Zatsepin, Nadia A -- Wang, Dingjie -- James, Daniel -- Basu, Shibom -- Roy-Chowdhury, Shatabdi -- Conrad, Chelsie E -- Coe, Jesse -- Liu, Haiguang -- Lisova, Stella -- Kupitz, Christopher -- Grotjohann, Ingo -- Fromme, Raimund -- Jiang, Yi -- Tan, Minjia -- Yang, Huaiyu -- Li, Jun -- Wang, Meitian -- Zheng, Zhong -- Li, Dianfan -- Howe, Nicole -- Zhao, Yingming -- Standfuss, Jorg -- Diederichs, Kay -- Dong, Yuhui -- Potter, Clinton S -- Carragher, Bridget -- Caffrey, Martin -- Jiang, Hualiang -- Chapman, Henry N -- Spence, John C H -- Fromme, Petra -- Weierstall, Uwe -- Ernst, Oliver P -- Katritch, Vsevolod -- Gurevich, Vsevolod V -- Griffin, Patrick R -- Hubbell, Wayne L -- Stevens, Raymond C -- Cherezov, Vadim -- Melcher, Karsten -- Xu, H Eric -- DK071662/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- EY005216/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- EY011500/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- GM073197/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM077561/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM095583/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM097463/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM102545/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM103310/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM104212/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- GM108635/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- P30EY000331/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P41 GM103310/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- P41GM103393/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- P41RR001209/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- P50 GM073197/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- P50 GM073210/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK066202/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK071662/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY011500/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM087413/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM109955/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- S10 RR027270/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- U54 GM094586/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- U54 GM094599/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- U54 GM094618/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jul 30;523(7562):561-7. doi: 10.1038/nature14656. Epub 2015 Jul 22.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratory of Structural Sciences, Center for Structural Biology and Drug Discovery, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, USA. ; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604, USA. ; Department of Chemistry, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA. ; Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg, Germany. ; Joint Center for Structural Genomics, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA. ; 1] Laboratory of Structural Sciences, Center for Structural Biology and Drug Discovery, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics &Gynecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. ; The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, New York 10027, USA. ; Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Research Institute, Scripps Florida, Jupiter, Florida 33458, USA. ; Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. ; Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada. ; Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA. ; Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA. ; 1] Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA [2] BioXFEL, NSF Science and Technology Center, 700 Ellicott Street, Buffalo, New York 14203, USA. ; 1] Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604, USA [2] Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA. ; 1] Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604, USA [2] Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Haidian District, Beijing 10084, China. ; 1] Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604, USA [2] Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53211, USA. ; State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China. ; Department of Obstetrics &Gynecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. ; Swiss Light Source at Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland. ; Department of Biological Sciences, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA. ; School of Medicine and School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland. ; 1] BioXFEL, NSF Science and Technology Center, 700 Ellicott Street, Buffalo, New York 14203, USA [2] Ben May Department for Cancer Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. ; Laboratory of Biomolecular Research at Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland. ; Department of Biology, Universitat Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany. ; Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. ; 1] Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg, Germany [2] Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, 22761 Hamburg, Germany. ; 1] Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada [2] Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada. ; 1] Department of Chemistry, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA [2] Department of Biological Sciences, Bridge Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA [3] iHuman Institute, ShanghaiTech University, 2F Building 6, 99 Haike Road, Pudong New District, Shanghai 201210, China. ; 1] Laboratory of Structural Sciences, Center for Structural Biology and Drug Discovery, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503, USA [2] VARI-SIMM Center, Center for Structure and Function of Drug Targets, CAS-Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26200343" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Arrestin/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Binding Sites ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Disulfides/chemistry/metabolism ; Humans ; Lasers ; Mice ; Models, Molecular ; Multiprotein Complexes/biosynthesis/chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Binding ; Reproducibility of Results ; Rhodopsin/*chemistry/*metabolism ; Signal Transduction ; X-Rays
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-08-12
    Description: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disease caused by mutation or deletion of the survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. A paralogous gene in humans, SMN2, produces low, insufficient levels of functional SMN protein due to alternative splicing that truncates the transcript. The decreased levels of SMN protein lead to progressive neuromuscular degeneration and high rates of mortality. Through chemical screening and optimization, we identified orally available small molecules that shift the balance of SMN2 splicing toward the production of full-length SMN2 messenger RNA with high selectivity. Administration of these compounds to Delta7 mice, a model of severe SMA, led to an increase in SMN protein levels, improvement of motor function, and protection of the neuromuscular circuit. These compounds also extended the life span of the mice. Selective SMN2 splicing modifiers may have therapeutic potential for patients with SMA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Naryshkin, Nikolai A -- Weetall, Marla -- Dakka, Amal -- Narasimhan, Jana -- Zhao, Xin -- Feng, Zhihua -- Ling, Karen K Y -- Karp, Gary M -- Qi, Hongyan -- Woll, Matthew G -- Chen, Guangming -- Zhang, Nanjing -- Gabbeta, Vijayalakshmi -- Vazirani, Priya -- Bhattacharyya, Anuradha -- Furia, Bansri -- Risher, Nicole -- Sheedy, Josephine -- Kong, Ronald -- Ma, Jiyuan -- Turpoff, Anthony -- Lee, Chang-Sun -- Zhang, Xiaoyan -- Moon, Young-Choon -- Trifillis, Panayiota -- Welch, Ellen M -- Colacino, Joseph M -- Babiak, John -- Almstead, Neil G -- Peltz, Stuart W -- Eng, Loren A -- Chen, Karen S -- Mull, Jesse L -- Lynes, Maureen S -- Rubin, Lee L -- Fontoura, Paulo -- Santarelli, Luca -- Haehnke, Daniel -- McCarthy, Kathleen D -- Schmucki, Roland -- Ebeling, Martin -- Sivaramakrishnan, Manaswini -- Ko, Chien-Ping -- Paushkin, Sergey V -- Ratni, Hasane -- Gerlach, Irene -- Ghosh, Anirvan -- Metzger, Friedrich -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 8;345(6197):688-93. doi: 10.1126/science.1250127.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉PTC Therapeutics, 100 Corporate Court, South Plainfield, NJ 07080, USA. ; Section of Neurobiology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. ; PTC Therapeutics, 100 Corporate Court, South Plainfield, NJ 07080, USA. friedrich.metzger@roche.com speltz@ptcbio.com. ; SMA Foundation, 888 Seventh Avenue, Suite 400, New York, NY 10019, USA. ; Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. ; Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070 Basel, Switzerland. ; Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070 Basel, Switzerland. friedrich.metzger@roche.com speltz@ptcbio.com.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25104390" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Administration, Oral ; Alternative Splicing/*drug effects ; Animals ; Cells, Cultured ; Coumarins/*administration & dosage/chemistry ; Disease Models, Animal ; Drug Evaluation, Preclinical ; Humans ; Isocoumarins/*administration & dosage/chemistry ; Longevity/*drug effects ; Mice ; Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/*drug therapy/genetics/metabolism ; Pyrimidinones/*administration & dosage/chemistry ; RNA, Messenger/genetics ; Sequence Deletion ; Small Molecule Libraries/*administration & dosage/chemistry ; Survival of Motor Neuron 2 Protein/*genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-04-29
    Description: Innate immune cells must be able to distinguish between direct binding to microbes and detection of components shed from the surface of microbes located at a distance. Dectin-1 (also known as CLEC7A) is a pattern-recognition receptor expressed by myeloid phagocytes (macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils) that detects beta-glucans in fungal cell walls and triggers direct cellular antimicrobial activity, including phagocytosis and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In contrast to inflammatory responses stimulated upon detection of soluble ligands by other pattern-recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), these responses are only useful when a cell comes into direct contact with a microbe and must not be spuriously activated by soluble stimuli. In this study we show that, despite its ability to bind both soluble and particulate beta-glucan polymers, Dectin-1 signalling is only activated by particulate beta-glucans, which cluster the receptor in synapse-like structures from which regulatory tyrosine phosphatases CD45 and CD148 (also known as PTPRC and PTPRJ, respectively) are excluded (Supplementary Fig. 1). The 'phagocytic synapse' now provides a model mechanism by which innate immune receptors can distinguish direct microbial contact from detection of microbes at a distance, thereby initiating direct cellular antimicrobial responses only when they are required.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084546/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084546/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Goodridge, Helen S -- Reyes, Christopher N -- Becker, Courtney A -- Katsumoto, Tamiko R -- Ma, Jun -- Wolf, Andrea J -- Bose, Nandita -- Chan, Anissa S H -- Magee, Andrew S -- Danielson, Michael E -- Weiss, Arthur -- Vasilakos, John P -- Underhill, David M -- AI066120/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI071116/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI066120/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI066120-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI071116/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI071116-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Apr 28;472(7344):471-5. doi: 10.1038/nature10071.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉IBD and Immunobiology Research Institute, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21525931" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antigens, CD45/deficiency/metabolism ; Cell Wall/chemistry/immunology ; Cells, Cultured ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate/*immunology ; Immunological Synapses/*immunology ; Lectins, C-Type ; Macrophages/immunology ; Membrane Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*immunology ; Mice ; *Models, Immunological ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*immunology ; Phagocytosis/*immunology ; Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism ; Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 3/deficiency/metabolism ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/chemistry/immunology ; Signal Transduction/immunology ; Solubility ; beta-Glucans/chemistry/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2014-07-18
    Description: Corneal epithelial homeostasis and regeneration are sustained by limbal stem cells (LSCs), and LSC deficiency is a major cause of blindness worldwide. Transplantation is often the only therapeutic option available to patients with LSC deficiency. However, while transplant success depends foremost on LSC frequency within grafts, a gene allowing for prospective LSC enrichment has not been identified so far. Here we show that ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B, member 5 (ABCB5) marks LSCs and is required for LSC maintenance, corneal development and repair. Furthermore, we demonstrate that prospectively isolated human or murine ABCB5-positive LSCs possess the exclusive capacity to fully restore the cornea upon grafting to LSC-deficient mice in xenogeneic or syngeneic transplantation models. ABCB5 is preferentially expressed on label-retaining LSCs in mice and p63alpha-positive LSCs in humans. Consistent with these findings, ABCB5-positive LSC frequency is reduced in LSC-deficient patients. Abcb5 loss of function in Abcb5 knockout mice causes depletion of quiescent LSCs due to enhanced proliferation and apoptosis, and results in defective corneal differentiation and wound healing. Our results from gene knockout studies, LSC tracing and transplantation models, as well as phenotypic and functional analyses of human biopsy specimens, provide converging lines of evidence that ABCB5 identifies mammalian LSCs. Identification and prospective isolation of molecularly defined LSCs with essential functions in corneal development and repair has important implications for the treatment of corneal disease, particularly corneal blindness due to LSC deficiency.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4246512/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4246512/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ksander, Bruce R -- Kolovou, Paraskevi E -- Wilson, Brian J -- Saab, Karim R -- Guo, Qin -- Ma, Jie -- McGuire, Sean P -- Gregory, Meredith S -- Vincent, William J B -- Perez, Victor L -- Cruz-Guilloty, Fernando -- Kao, Winston W Y -- Call, Mindy K -- Tucker, Budd A -- Zhan, Qian -- Murphy, George F -- Lathrop, Kira L -- Alt, Clemens -- Mortensen, Luke J -- Lin, Charles P -- Zieske, James D -- Frank, Markus H -- Frank, Natasha Y -- DP2 OD007483/OD/NIH HHS/ -- DP2OD007483/OD/NIH HHS/ -- EY08098/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- I01 BX000516/BX/BLRD VA/ -- I01 RX000989/RX/RRD VA/ -- K08 NS051349/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- K08NS051349/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY014801/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30EY014801/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P41EB015903/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA113796/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA138231/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA158467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EB017274/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS/ -- R01CA113796/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA138231/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01CA158467/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY018624/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01EY021768/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- U01HL100402/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Jul 17;511(7509):353-7. doi: 10.1038/nature13426. Epub 2014 Jul 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Ophthalmology, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [2]. ; 1] Transplant Research Program, Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [2] Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Department of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA. ; 1] Transplant Research Program, Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [2] Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] Department of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA [2] Transplant Research Program, Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Ophthalmology, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA. ; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA. ; Stephen A Wynn Institute for Vision Research, Carver College of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine & Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. ; Center for Systems Biology and Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; 1] Transplant Research Program, Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [2] Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02138, USA [4]. ; 1] Department of Medicine, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA [2] Transplant Research Program, Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02138, USA [4] Division of Genetics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [5].〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25030174" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/deficiency/*metabolism ; Animals ; Apoptosis ; Biomarkers/metabolism ; Cell Differentiation ; Cell Proliferation ; Female ; Humans ; Limbus Corneae/*cytology/*physiology ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Molecular Sequence Data ; P-Glycoprotein/deficiency/*metabolism ; *Regeneration ; Stem Cell Transplantation ; Stem Cells/cytology/*metabolism ; Transcription Factors/metabolism ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism ; *Wound Healing
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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