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  • Biochemistry  (1)
  • Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics  (1)
  • Mitochondria  (1)
  • 1
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Gene Expression ; Proteins ; Life sciences ; Protein Science ; Gene Expression ; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Fibrous Protein Structures: Hierarchy, History and Heroes -- Coiled-coil design: updated and upgraded -- Functional and Structural Roles of Coiled Coils -- The Structure and Topology of α-Helical Coiled Coils -- Structural Transition of Trichocyte Keratin Intermediate Filaments During Development in the Hair Follicle -- Crystallographic studies of intermediate filament proteins -- Lessons from animal models of cytoplasmic intermediate filament proteins -- Filamentous Structure of Hard β-Keratins in the Epidermal Appendages of Birds and Reptiles -- Tropomyosin Structure, Function, and Interactions: A Dynamic Regulator -- Titin and Nebulin in Thick and Thin Filament Length Regulation -- Myosin and Actin Filaments in Muscle: Structures and Interactions -- Dystrophin and spectrin, two highly dissimilar sisters of the same family -- Fibrin Formation, Structure and Properties -- Fibrillar collagens -- Recombinant structural proteins and their use in future materials -- Properties of engineered and fabricated silks -- Biomaterials Made from Coiled Coil Peptides -- Bioengineered Collagens
    Abstract: This book provides the readers with an up-to-date review of the design, structure and function of a representative selection of fibrous proteins in both health and disease. The importance of the α-helical coiled coil, a conformational motif based on the heptad repeat in the amino acid sequence of all α-fibrous proteins (and parts of some globular proteins) is underlined by three Chapters devoted to its design, structure, function and topology. Specific proteins covered in the text and which depend on the coiled coil for their structure and function, include the intermediate filament proteins, tropomyosin, myosin, paramyosin, fibrin and members of the spectrin superfamily. Also described are fibrous proteins based on the β-pleated sheet and collagen conformations. Recombinant structural proteins, especially of silk and collagen, are discussed in the context of developing new biomaterials with varied applications. Established researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of protein chemistry, biochemistry and structural biophysics will find Fibrous Proteins: Structures and Mechanisms to be an invaluable collection of topical reviews that describe the basic advances made in the field of fibrous proteins over the past decade. This book, written by recognized authorities in the field, provides a clear account of the current status of fibrous protein research and, in addition, establishes the basis for deciding the most appropriate directions for future activity, including the applications of protein engineering and the commercial exploitation of new biomaterials
    Pages: VIII, 629 p. 154 illus., 123 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319496740
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-6881
    Keywords: Mitochondria ; hexokinase ; normal and tumor cells ; enzyme localization ; subcellular fractionation ; receptor for binding ; monoamine oxidase ; NADPH-cytochromec reductase ; transformation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Hexokinase plays an important role in normal glucose-utilizing tissues like brain and kidney, and an even more important role in highly malignant cancer cells where it is markedly overexpressed. In both cell types, normal and transformed, a significant portion of the total hexokinase activity is bound to particulate material that sediments upon differential centrifugation with the crude “mitochondrial” fraction. In the case of brain, particulate binding may constitute most of the total hexokinase activity of the cell, and in highly malignant tumor cells as much as 80 percent of the total. When a variety of techniques are rigorously applied to better define the particulate location of hexokinase within the crude “mitochondrial fraction,” a striking difference is observed between the distribution of hexokinase in normal and transformed cells. Significantly, particulate hexokinase found in rat brain, kidney, or liver consistently distributes with nonmitochondrial membrane markers whereas the particulate hexokinase of highly glycolytic hepatoma cells distributes with outer mitochondrial membrane markers. These studies indicate that within normal tissues hexokinase binds preferentially to non-mitochondrial receptor sites but upon transformation of such cells to yield poorly differentiated, highly malignant tumors, the overexpressed enzyme binds preferentially to outer mitochondrial membrane receptors. These studies, taken together with the well-known observation that, once solubilized, the particulate hexokinase from a normal tissue can bind to isolated mitochondria, are consistent with the presence in normal tissues of at least two different types of particulate receptors for hexokinase with different subcellular locations. A model which explains this unique transformation-dependent shift in the intracellular location of hexokinase is proposed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Ab initio calculations employing a standard double-zeta basis set augmented with various polarization functions have been used to investigate the lowest energy region of the ground-state potential energy surface of the formamide molecule. Hartree-Fock calculations with only d polarization functions on the nonhydrogen atoms located two stable minima, that with geometry distorted from planarity having slightly lower energy; only one stable minimum with planar structure is found when p polarization functions on the hydrogens are included. In contrast optimizations, which account approximately for the correlation energy using second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory consistently favor a single slightly nonplanar minimum energy geometry.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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