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  • GLIOMA  (3)
  • Mitochondrial DNA  (3)
  • 1
    Keywords: brain ; EXPOSURE ; LONG-TERM ; POPULATION ; RISK ; meningioma ; HEALTH ; NUMBER ; COUNTRIES ; HEAD ; case-control study ; GLIOMA ; methods ; pooled analysis ; INCREASED RISK ; CANCER-RISK ; INTERNATIONAL CASE-CONTROL ; brain tumours ; CORDLESS TELEPHONES ; mobile phones ; SELECTION BIAS ; PHONE USE ; CELLULAR TELEPHONES ; NONDIFFERENTIAL MISCLASSIFICATION ; radiofrequency fields
    Abstract: Methods An interview-based case-control study with 2708 glioma and 2409 meningioma cases and matched controls was conducted in 13 countries using a common protocol. Results A reduced odds ratio (OR) related to ever having been a regular mobile phone user was seen for glioma [OR 0.81; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.94] and meningioma (OR 0.79; 95% CI 0.68-0.91), possibly reflecting participation bias or other methodological limitations. No elevated OR was observed 〉= 10 years after first phone use (glioma: OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.76-1.26; meningioma: OR 0.83; 95% CI 0.61-1.14). ORs were 〈 1.0 for all deciles of lifetime number of phone calls and nine deciles of cumulative call time. In the 10th decile of recalled cumulative call time, 〉= 1640 h, the OR was 1.40 (95% CI 1.03-1.89) for glioma, and 1.15 (95% CI 0.81-1.62) for meningioma; but there are implausible values of reported use in this group. ORs for glioma tended to be greater in the temporal lobe than in other lobes of the brain, but the CIs around the lobe-specific estimates were wide. ORs for glioma tended to be greater in subjects who reported usual phone use on the same side of the head as their tumour than on the opposite side. Conclusions Overall, no increase in risk of glioma or meningioma was observed with use of mobile phones. There were suggestions of an increased risk of glioma at the highest exposure levels, but biases and error prevent a causal interpretation. The possible effects of long-term heavy use of mobile phones require further investigation
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20483835
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; Germany ; COMMON ; INFORMATION ; EXPOSURE ; HISTORY ; POPULATION ; RISK ; RISKS ; meningioma ; TISSUE ; IMPACT ; RISK-FACTORS ; TISSUES ; tumour ; FREQUENCY ; FIELD ; FREQUENCIES ; HEALTH ; DESIGN ; NUMBER ; risk factors ; COUNTRIES ; SWEDEN ; FRANCE ; NETHERLANDS ; case-control studies ; study design ; AUSTRALIA ; FINLAND ; case control study ; case-control study ; RE ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; INCREASE ; GLIOMA ; RECALL ; GLAND ; case control studies ; methods ; CELLULAR-TELEPHONE USE ; RISK-FACTOR ; CANCER-RISK ; E ; carcinogenic ; INCREASES ; case control ; acoustic neuroma ; brain tumours ; mobile phone ; MOBILE PHONE USE ; SETUP ; acoustic neurinoma ; benign tumours ; case-control ; CORDLESS TELEPHONES ; FIELDS ; mobile phones ; parotid gland tumours ; SELECTION BIAS
    Abstract: The very rapid worldwide increase in mobile phone use in the last decade has generated considerable interest in the possible health effects of exposure to radio frequency (RF) fields. A multinational case-control study, INTERPHONE, was set-up to investigate whether mobile phone use increases the risk of cancer and, more specifically, whether the RF fields emitted by mobile phones are carcinogenic. The study focused on tumours arising in the tissues most exposed to RF fields from mobile phones: glioma, meningioma, acoustic neurinoma and parotid gland tumours. In addition to a detailed history of mobile phone use, information was collected on a number of known and potential risk factors for these tumours. The study was conducted in 13 countries. Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the UK using a common core protocol. This paper describes the study design and methods and the main characteristics of the study population. INTERPHONE is the largest case-control study to date investigating risks related to mobile phone use and to other potential risk factors for the tumours of interest and includes 2,765 glioma, 2,425 meningioma, 1,121 acoustic neurinoma, 109 malignant parotid gland tumour cases and 7,658 controls. Particular attention was paid to estimating the amount and direction of potential recall and participation biases and their impact on the study results
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17636416
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  • 3
    Keywords: brain ; Germany ; EXPOSURE ; POPULATION ; RISK ; HEALTH ; case-control studies ; CENTERS ; SELECTION ; brain neoplasms ; PREVALENCE ; INSIGHTS ; case-control study ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; GLIOMA ; epidemiological methods ; acoustic neuroma ; SELECTION BIAS ; INTERPHONE-STUDY-GROUP ; BRAIN-TUMOR ; RESPONSE RATES ; Cellular Phones ; Refusal to Participate ; REPORTING PARTICIPATION
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To quantitatively assess the impact of selection bias caused by nonparticipation in a multinational case-control study of mobile phone use and brain tumor. METHODS: Non-response questionnaires (NRQ) were completed by a sub-set of nonparticipants. Selection bias factors were calculated based on the prevalence of mobile phone use reported by nonparticipants with NRQ data, and on scenarios of hypothetical exposure prevalence for other nonparticipants. RESULTS: Regular mobile phone use was reported less frequently by controls and cases who completed the NRQ (controls, 56%; cases, 50%) than by those who completed the full interview (controls, 69%; cases, 66%). This relationship was consistent across study centers, sex, and age groups. Lower education and more recent start of mobile phone use were associated with refusal to participate. Bias factors varied between 0.87 and 0.92 in the most plausible scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: Refusal to participate in brain tumor case-control studies seems to be related to less prevalent use of mobile phones, and this could result in a downward bias of around 10% in odds ratios for regular mobile phone use. The use of simple selection bias estimation methods in case-control studies can give important insights into the extent of any bias, even when nonparticipant information is incomplete
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19064187
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Mitochondrial DNA ; Cybrids ; B. napus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary An important mitochondrial (mt) DNA polymorphism was detected by SalI restriction enzyme analysis in five Brassica napus cybrids plants which combine B. napus chloroplasts and a cytoplasmic male sterility (cms) trait from Raphanus sativus. Novel restriction fragments observed in these cybrids were analysed. One of them was found to be constituted by fragments of both parent mt genomes. Sites involved in rut recombination in cybrids were compared by molecular hybridization to sites supposedly implicated in intragenomic mt recombination in B. oleracea The results indicate that mt recombination events arising through protoplast fusion involve several different rut DNA regions. Some of these regions appeared homologous to regions presumably involved in intragenomic mt recombination in B. oleracea.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Somaclonal variation ; Mitochondrial DNA ; Protein synthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary One fertile and two male-sterile diploid plants were regenerated from the same callus after two cycles of protoplast culture from fertile Nicotiana sylvestris. Genetic studies indicated that the male-sterile trait was under cytoplasmic control. Progenies of each regenerated plant possessed different mitochondrial (mt) DNA restriction patterns. Both cms protoclone types were characterized by specific mtDNA deletions. In addition, a 40 kD mitochondrially encoded polypeptide is lacking in the cms plants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Mitochondrial DNA ; Cytoplasmic male sterility ; Cybrids ; Brassica ; Mitochondrial plasmid-like DNA
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The mitochondrial genomes of five rapeseed somatic hybrid plants, which combine in a first experimentBrassica napus chloroplasts and a cytoplasmic male sterility trait coming fromRaphanus sativus, and in a second experiment chloroplasts of a triazine resistantB. compestris and a cytoplasmic male sterility trait fromR. sativus, were analyzed by restriction endonucleases. Restriction fragment patterns indicate that these genomes differ from each other and from both parents. The presence of new bands in the somatic hybrid mitochondrial DNA restriction patterns is evidence of mitochondrial recombination in somatic hybrid cells. In both parental and somatic hybrid plants large quantitative variations in a mitochondrial plasmid-like DNA have been observed. Our results suggest that the cytoplasmic support for male sterility is located in the chromosomal mitochondrial DNA instead of the plasmid-like DNA.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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