Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Littorina obtusata  (2)
  • Model  (2)
  • 3H  (1)
  • AC-ECD  (1)
  • Springer  (6)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
Collection
Publisher
  • Springer  (6)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-9686
    Keywords: Elastance ; Stroke volume ; Model ; Cardiomyoplasty
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract Dynamic cardiomyoplasty (DCM) is an emerging surgical procedure for heart failure in which the patient's latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle is wrapped around the heart and stimulated to contract in synchrony with the heartbeat as a cardiac assist measure. A 6 week training protocol of progressive electrical stimulation renders the normally fatigueable skeletal muscle fatigue-resistant and suitable for chronic stimulation. To date, over 500 procedures have been performed in worldwide clinical trials. Investigators typically report symptomatic improvement and modest hemodynamic improvement in patients. Controversy exists regarding the exact mechanism of DCM. To test the hypothesis that DCM augments cardiac stroke volume through improvement in systolic function, we formulated an engineering model of dynamic cardiomyoplasty to predict stroke volume. The heart and the LD were modeled as nested (series) elastance chambers, and the vasculature was represented by a two-element Windkessel model. Using five healthy goats, we verified model predictions of stroke volume for both stimulator ON beats (y=1.00x−0.08, r=0.87, p 〈 0.0001) and OFF beats (y=1.01x+1.06, r=0.91, p 〈 0.0001), where x and y are the measured and predicted stroke volumes, respectively. The model confirms that using untrained latissimus dorsi applied to the normal myocardium produces only moderate increases in stroke volume and suggests that future research should focus on increasing LD strength after training.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-9686
    Keywords: Clinical cardiomyoplasty ; Nomogram ; Muscle transformation ; Model ; Cardiomyoplasty ; Applications
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract Previously, a modification to the Sunagawa engineering model for the isolated left ventricle and arterial system was proposed and validated for dynamic cardiomyoplasty in an acute goat preparation. To test the hypothesis that this model may be applied to the clinical scenario in cardiomyoplasty patients, we predicted human stroke volume using the model with human clinical data from the literature. Predicted stroke volume correlated well with published stroke volume in patients who have had the dynamic cardiomyoplasty procedure. These results suggest that the modest hemodynamic improvement commonly reported after the procedure is performed may be due to diminished latissimus dorsi strength after transformation. The validity of both the original Sunagawa model and the previously proposed modification for dynamic cardiomyoplasty is further supported with these results. A nomogram methodology for predicting stroke volume after dynamic cardiomyoplasty for any particular patient is presented.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: acclimation ; Littorina obtusata ; Littorina saxatilis ; Littorinidae ; oxygen consumption ; respiration ; temperature effects
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Two intertidal snails, Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1972) (upper eulittoral fringe/maritime zone) and Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758) (lower eulittoral) were collected from a boulder shore on Nobska Point, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in July and acclimated for 15–20 days at 4 ° or 21 °C. Oxygen consumption rate (Vo2) was determined for 11–15 subsamples of individuals at 4 °, 11 ° and 21 °C with silver/platinum oxygen electrodes. Multiple factor analysis of variance (MFANOVA) of lo10 transformed values of whole animal Vo2 with log10 dry tissue weight (DTW) as a covariant revealed that increased test temperature induced a significant increase in Vo2 in both species (P〈0.00001). In contrast, MFANOVA revealed that temperature acclimation did not affect Vo2 in either L. saxatilis (P= 0.35) or L. obtusata (P= 0.095). Thus, neither species displayed a capacity for the typical metabolic temperature compensation marked by an increase in Vo2 at any one test temperature in individuals acclimated to a lower temperature that is characteristic of most ectothermic animals. Lack of capacity for metabolic temperature acclimation has also been reported in other littorinid snail species, and may be characteristic of the group as a whole. Lack of capacity for respiratory temperature acclimation in these two species and other littorinids may reflect the extensive semi-diurnal temperature variation that they are exposed to in their eulittoral and eulittoral fringe/maritime zone habitats. In these habitats, any metabolic benefits derived from longer-term temperature compensation of metabolic rates are negated by extreme daily temperature fluctuations. Instead, littorinid species appear to have evolved mechanisms for immediate metabolic regulation which, in L. saxatilis and L. obtusata and other littorinids, appear to centre on a unique ability for near instantaneous suppression of metabolic rate and entrance into short-term metabolic diapause at temperatures above 20–35 °C, making typical seasonal respiratory compensation mechanisms characteristic of most ectotherms of little adaptive value to littorinid species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: nitrogen excretion ; O:N ratios ; ammonia excretion ; urea excretion ; Littorina saxatilis ; Littorina obtusata
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Nitrogenous excretion in two snails, Littorina saxatilis (high intertidal) and L. obtusata (low intertidal) was studied in relation to temperature acclimation (at 4° and 21°C), including total N excretion rates, the fraction of urea in N excretion, corresponding O:N ratios and the partitioning of deaminated protein between catabolic and anabolic processes at 4°, 11° and 21°C. Aggregate N excretion rates in both species showed no significant compensatory adjustments following acclimation. Total weight specific N excretion rates at 21°C were higher in standard 3 mg L. saxatilis (739 ng N mg−1 h−1) than standard 5 mg L. obtusata (257 ng N mg−1 h−1) for snails acclimated to 21°C. Comparisons of Q10 values of total weight specific N excretion to Q10 values for weight specific oxygen consumption ({xxV}O2) between 4° to 11 °C and 11° to 21°C indicated that, while total rates of catabolic metabolism ({xxV}O2) and protein deamination in L. obtusata were essentially parallel, the relationship between N excretion and {xxV}O2 in L. saxatilis revealed the partitioning of a larger share of deaminated protein carbon into anabolism at 4° and 21°C than at 11°C. Urea N accounted for a larger share of aggregate N excreted in L. saxatilis than in L. obtusata, but in both species urea N is a greater proportion of total N excreted when acclimated at 4°C (urea N: ammonia N ratio range: 1 to 2.15) than in snails acclimated to 21°C (urea N: ammonia N ratio range: 0.46 to 1.39). Molar O:N ratios indicate that the proportion of metabolism supported by protein catabolism is greater in L. saxatilis (O:N range: 2.5–8.4) than in L. obtusata (O:N range: 7.3–13.0). In both species, regardless of acclimation temperature, the O:N ratios are generally lowest (high protein catabolism) at 4°C and highest at 21°C.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Microchimica acta 96 (1988), S. 11-26 
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Keywords: electron capture detector (ECD) ; electron oscillation ; AC-ECD ; argon-methane ; non-homogeneous ECD kinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The oscillation of electrons—as driven by AC polarization—can be used to extract a high-sensitivity signal from a conventional electron capture detector. For example, hexachloroethane was detected at a hypercoulometric ratio of 2.0 F/mol, down to ca. 60 fg/s (S/N=3) and with a linear range in excess of two orders of magnitude. The change in carrier gas from nitrogen to argon-methane produced the expected order-of-magnitude increase in optimum oscillation frequency. Anab initio simulation of potentials and ion populations in a heterogeneous electron capture system under a high-frequency AC regime provided further insight into the detector's mechanism: Hypercoulometric response is mainly caused by increased cation-electron recombination in the plasma region, owing to a decreased field gradient and an increased cation concentration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Keywords: ionization topography ; 3H ; 63Ni ; electron capture detector
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The ion-pair generation rate (ionization topography) in plasmas from63Ni and particularly Ti3H4 foils, as used in electron capture detectors, was measured at room temperature using large, parallel plates of low backscattering ability in nitrogen gas of varying density. For one atmosphere pressure, the fall-off of ion pair formation as calculated from the exponential region equalsN 0·e −0.19d for63Ni andN 0·e −1.4d for3H (whereN 0 is the initial ionization rate immediately adjacent to the foil andd is the distance from the foil in mm). The experimentally measured half ranges (distances from the foil within which 50% of all possible ion pairs are created) are 2.7 mm for63Ni and 0.27 mm for3H. The half ranges calculated from the exponential region where there is less interference from electron backscattering, are 3.7 and 0.5 mm, respectively. The latter values are considered closer to the “true”, unimpeded ionization topography near planar63Ni and3H foils.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...