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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-05-04
    Description: Recent studies have identified several mutations in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein that allow the highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza A virus to transmit between mammals by airborne route. Here, we determined the complex structures of wild-type and mutant HAs derived from an Indonesia H5N1 virus bound to either avian or human receptor sialic acid analogs. A cis/trans conformational change in the glycosidic linkage of the receptor analog was observed, which explains how the H5N1 virus alters its receptor-binding preference. Furthermore, the mutant HA possessed low affinities for both avian and human receptors. Our findings provide a structural and biophysical basis for the H5N1 adaptation to acquire human, but maintain avian, receptor-binding properties.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zhang, Wei -- Shi, Yi -- Lu, Xishan -- Shu, Yuelong -- Qi, Jianxun -- Gao, George F -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Jun 21;340(6139):1463-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1236787. Epub 2013 May 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Binding Sites ; Birds ; Carbohydrate Conformation ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus/*chemistry/genetics/*metabolism ; Humans ; Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype ; Models, Molecular ; Mutant Proteins/chemistry/metabolism ; Mutation ; Oligosaccharides/chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Binding ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Stability ; Receptors, Cell Surface/chemistry/*metabolism ; Receptors, Virus/chemistry/*metabolism ; Recombinant Proteins/chemistry/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-04-05
    Description: Current human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) vaccines elicit strain-specific neutralizing antibodies. However, cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies arise in approximately 20% of HIV-1-infected individuals, and details of their generation could provide a blueprint for effective vaccination. Here we report the isolation, evolution and structure of a broadly neutralizing antibody from an African donor followed from the time of infection. The mature antibody, CH103, neutralized approximately 55% of HIV-1 isolates, and its co-crystal structure with the HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 revealed a new loop-based mechanism of CD4-binding-site recognition. Virus and antibody gene sequencing revealed concomitant virus evolution and antibody maturation. Notably, the unmutated common ancestor of the CH103 lineage avidly bound the transmitted/founder HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein, and evolution of antibody neutralization breadth was preceded by extensive viral diversification in and near the CH103 epitope. These data determine the viral and antibody evolution leading to induction of a lineage of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies, and provide insights into strategies to elicit similar antibodies by vaccination.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="" target="_blank"〉〈img src="" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Liao, Hua-Xin -- Lynch, Rebecca -- Zhou, Tongqing -- Gao, Feng -- Alam, S Munir -- Boyd, Scott D -- Fire, Andrew Z -- Roskin, Krishna M -- Schramm, Chaim A -- Zhang, Zhenhai -- Zhu, Jiang -- Shapiro, Lawrence -- NISC Comparative Sequencing Program -- Mullikin, James C -- Gnanakaran, S -- Hraber, Peter -- Wiehe, Kevin -- Kelsoe, Garnett -- Yang, Guang -- Xia, Shi-Mao -- Montefiori, David C -- Parks, Robert -- Lloyd, Krissey E -- Scearce, Richard M -- Soderberg, Kelly A -- Cohen, Myron -- Kamanga, Gift -- Louder, Mark K -- Tran, Lillian M -- Chen, Yue -- Cai, Fangping -- Chen, Sheri -- Moquin, Stephanie -- Du, Xiulian -- Joyce, M Gordon -- Srivatsan, Sanjay -- Zhang, Baoshan -- Zheng, Anqi -- Shaw, George M -- Hahn, Beatrice H -- Kepler, Thomas B -- Korber, Bette T M -- Kwong, Peter D -- Mascola, John R -- Haynes, Barton F -- AI067854/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI100645/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 AI050410/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI100645/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 25;496(7446):469-76. doi: 10.1038/nature12053. Epub 2013 Apr 3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Duke University Human Vaccine Institute, Departments of Medicine and Immunology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: AIDS Vaccines/immunology ; Africa ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/chemistry/genetics/immunology ; Antibodies, Neutralizing/*chemistry/genetics/*immunology ; Antigens, CD4/chemistry/immunology ; Cell Lineage ; Cells, Cultured ; Clone Cells/cytology ; Cross Reactions/immunology ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Epitopes/chemistry/immunology ; *Evolution, Molecular ; HIV Antibodies/*chemistry/genetics/*immunology ; HIV Envelope Protein gp120/chemistry/genetics/immunology/metabolism ; HIV-1/*chemistry/classification/*immunology ; Humans ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Neutralization Tests ; Phylogeny ; Protein Structure, Tertiary
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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