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  • Nicotiana plumbaginifolia  (2)
  • Modified stirred bioreactors  (1)
  • (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
  • 1995-1999  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Key words Arabidopsis HSP18.2 ; HSP promoter ; Heat shock ; GUS chimeric gene ; Nicotiana plumbaginifolia ; Organ-specific expression
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  The expression of the Arabidopsis heat-shock protein (HSP) 18.2 promoter β-d-glucuronidase (GUS) chimera gene was studied in various organs of the transgenic Nicotiana plumbaginifolia during the recovery phase at normal temperatures (20–22  °C) following heat-shock (HS) treatment. The optimum HS temperature for GUS activity in the anthers, petals and capsules was 42  °C, but in immature seeds and the placentas of capsules it was 36  °C and 39  °C, respectively. No apparent GUS activity was observed in any organs except for dry seeds after HS at 45  °C, although the activity in dry seeds was apparent even after HS at 48  °C. After HS at 42  °C, GUS activity in the flower tissues was the highest before anthesis and declined thereafter.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Key words Arabidopsis HSP18.2 ; Heat shock protein promoter ; β-Glucuronidase ; Nicotiana plumbaginifolia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  The expression of the Arabidopsis heat shock protein (HSP) 18.2 promoter-β-d-glucuronidase (GUS) chimera gene was investigated in transgenic Nicotiana plumbaginifolia plants during the recovery phase at normal temperatures (20–22  °C) after a heat shock (HS) treatment. GUS activity increased during the recovery phase after HS at 42  °C for 2 h, and maximal GUS activity was observed after 12 h at normal temperatures, at levels 50–100 times higher than the activity immediately after HS. After HS at 44  °C, little GUS activity was observed during the first 20–24 h at normal temperatures, but the activity increased gradually thereafter, to reach a maximum at 40–50 h. After HS at 45  °C, no GUS activity was observed throughout the experimental period. RT-PCR analysis showed that GUS mRNA remained for 10 h after a 2-h HS at 42  °C and for 40 h after a 2-h HS at 44  °C. These findings demonstrate that brief HS treatment, especially at a sublethal temperature, induces a long-term accumulation of HSP-GUS mRNA during the recovery phase.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Key wordsAtropa belladonna ; Transformed root cultures ; Scale-up ; Tropane alkaloids ; Modified stirred bioreactors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A scale up of transformed root cultures of Atropa belladonna from a 300-ml flask to a 30-l tank was accomplished without any reduction in alkaloid productivity. Cutting treatment of seed cultures showed no distinct effect on root growth, morphology, and alkaloid content in conical flasks during 1 month of culture. Randomly cut roots thus grown were further cultivated in 3-l and 30-l modified stirred bioreactors for a scale-up culture. After 1 month of culture, 1490 mg of tropane alkaloids was produced by a 30-l culture of A. belladonna transformed roots. These roots contained the same level of atropine (5.4 mg/ g dw) as the roots of this plant grown in the field for 12 months and still contained a considerable amount of other alkaloids including 1.6 mg/g dw of 6-β-hydroxyhyoscyamine, 0.9 mg/g dw of scopolamine, and 2.0 mg/g dw of littorine.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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