Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
N-Methyl-N-phenyl-tert-butylsulfenamide (MPSA) and morpholinyl-tert-butylsulfenamide (MOSA) were thermolyzed in a stirred-flow reactor at temperatures of 340-390 °C and pressures of 7-13 Torr, using toluene as carrier gas, at residence times of 0.3-1.3 s. Isobutene was formed in 99% yield through first-order reactions having the following Arrhenius parameters (A,s-1, Ea, kJ mol-1): MPSA, log A = 12.41 ± 0.02, Ea = 158.8 ± 0.2; MOSA, log A = 12.91 ± 0.22, Ea = 159 ± 3. It is proposed that the elimination of isobutene takes place by unimolecular reaction mechanisms involving polar, four-center cyclic transition states, forming S-unsubstituted thiohydroxylamines as co-products. Thermochemical parameters, estimated by semiempirical AM1 calculations, are reported for the latter and for the parent molecules. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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