Orally active antitumor agent
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The antitumor effects of 6-O-(3-ethoxypropionyl)-3′,4′-O-exo-benzylidenechartreusin (IST-622), a new synthetic derivative of chartreusin (CT), were investigated. Following oral administration, IST-622 showed marked antitumor effects against various mouse tumors such as P388 and L 1210 leukemias, B 16 melanoma, Lewis lung carcinoma, Colon 26 and Colon 38 adenocarcinomas, and M5076 reticulum-cell sarcoma. The best antitumor effects were obtained by five intermittent treatments given every 4 days. In addition, IST-622 showed a significant growth-inhibitory effect against two human tumor xenografts, a large-cell lung cancer (Lu-116) and a gastric adenocarcinoma (St-4), among the seven lines tested. IST-622, which was rapidly metabolized into 3′,4′-O-exo-benzylidenechartreusin (A-132) and not into CT in vivo or in culture medium, exhibited remarkable growth-inhibitory activity against P388 leukemia in vitro, its 50% growth-inhibitory concentration (IC50) being over 20-fold lower than that of CT. IST-622 showed an in vivo antitumor effect superior to that of authentic A-132, possibly resulting from a higher absorption ratio of IST-622 through the gastrointestinal tract. IST-622 is now under clinical phase I study in Japan.
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