Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • IR-spectroscopy  (1)
  • Organic Chemistry  (1)
  • TPRS  (1)
  • active carbon support  (1)
Collection
Keywords
Publisher
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-879X
    Keywords: Iridium catalyst ; supported catalyst ; vapor-phase carbonylation ; methanol carbonylation ; active carbon support
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Iridium on active carbon (Ir/A.C.) is an effective catalyst for the vapor-phase carbonylation of methanol. In contrast to rhodium-catalysts the reaction rate is nearly independent of the partial pressure of the methyl iodide promoter and the methanolysis of an iridium-acetyl species has been found to determine the rate. Undesired methane formation accompanying the carbonylation is suggested to proceed via proteolysis of iridium-methyl species by methanol or water. Methyl chloride has been found to be a less effective promoter than methyl iodide.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-8383
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In the synthesis of p-hydroxybenzonitrile as a herbicide intermediate the nitrile formation is the most important reaction step. Possible feed compounds could be pure p-cresole, cresole mixtures or OH-protected cresoles like methoxy- or acetoxytoluenes. The ammoxidation of m- and p-methoxytoluene and a m,p-methoxytoluene-mixture over vanadium-titanium oxide catalysts has been investigated using flow reactors in a temperature range of 630-703 K. On comparable reaction conditions the conversion of pure compounds leads to a higher selectivity of p-methoxybenzonitrile (approx. 70%, conversion 85 mol-%) than that of the m-compound (only 35%, conversion 45 mol-%). For synthesis of the p-nitrile the feedstock can be p-methoxytoluene obtained by methylation of p-cresole, but it is also possible to use a m,p-methoxytoluene mixture obtained by methylation of an industrial cresole mixture. The ammoxidation of such a mixture affords a higher reactivity of the p-isomer and p-methoxybenzonitrile as the main reaction product, whereas m-methoxytoluene remains unreacted for the most part. Generally, the results obtained show that an amount of approx. 79% of the converted p-methoxytoluene was transformed into p-methoxybenzonitrile, whereas the corresponding transformation into the m-isomer was lower than 36%. An important part of the m-isomer was degraded by oxidation towards CO, CO2 and HCN.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1572-879X
    Keywords: Faujasite X hosted rhodium ; rhodium particle size ; IR-spectroscopy ; TEM ; CO hydrogenation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Different metal dispersions of Na-faujasite X hosted rhodium were generated and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and IR-spectroscopy. CO hydrogenation has been studied over these Rh/NaX-zeolite catalysts. The finer rhodium dispersion with a mean particle size of 1–2 nm shows a higher selectivity towards oxygenates (methanol, ethanol and dimethyl ether) as compared to the coarser dispersion (4–5 nm), where nearly exclusively methane and higher hydrocarbons are formed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1572-9028
    Keywords: ammoxidation ; vanadium phosphate catalysts ; catalyst/feed interaction ; reaction mechanism ; FTIR spectroscopy ; TAP technique ; isotope experiments ; TPD ; TPRS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The reaction pathway of the ammoxidation of toluene on (VO)2P2O7 used as catalyst and the interaction of potential intermediates with the pyrophosphate were studied by spectroscopic techniques (FTIR, EPR), temperature-programmed chemisorptions/ reactions (TPD, TPRS) and transient studies such as the temporal analysis of products (TAP) technique. NH3 is chemisorbed on the catalyst surface, forming three different species, i.e., NH 4 + ions located on BrØnsted sites, coordinatively bound NH3 on Lewis sites and NH 2 − groups, presumably P-NH2. Toluene that is probably adsorbed on Lewis sites reacts in a first step to a benzyl radical. A subsequent partial oxidation by interaction of VIV=O groups generates a V...O=CH-C6H5 surface structure. This benzaldehyde-like surface species reacts with adsorbed NH3 according to a Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. TAP experiments on ammonium-containing vanadium phosphates revealed that NH 4 + ions could act as potential N-insertion species. No formation of benzylamine as well as the generation of V=NH surface groups as possible intermediates or N-insertion sites were observed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...