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  • 1
    Keywords: brain ; APOPTOSIS ; CANCER ; CELLS ; IN-VITRO ; SURVIVAL ; AGENTS ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VITRO ; DEATH ; DRUG ; SURGERY ; LINES ; TIME ; PATIENT ; LIGAND ; primary ; INDUCTION ; tumour ; treatment ; culture ; ACID ; CELL-DEATH ; PLASMA ; RATES ; RESECTION ; PHARMACOKINETICS ; CISPLATIN ; FUTURE ; TRAIL ; AGENT ; POTENT ; REGRESSION ; IV ; GRADE ; brain tumour ; betulinic acid ; CERAMIDE ; glioblastoma multiforme WHOIV
    Abstract: Background. Glioblastoma multiforme (WHO Grade IV, GBM) is the most malignant brain tumour with a mean survival time of less than one year. Betulinic acid, ceramide and TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) represent novel therapeutic agents for potential use in GBM. Method. Primary GBM cells of 21 patients with macroscopically complete tumour resection were tested in vitro for cell death induction by betulinic acid, ceramide, TRAIL and established therapeutics (BCNU, cisplatin, doxorubicin, vincristin and gamma-irradiation). Findings. At peak plasma concentrations (PPC), Betulinic acid, ceramide and TRAIL induced cell death in primary GBM cells at higher rates than established cytotoxic drugs. Specific cell death greater than or equal to75% was observed in 43% (9/21), 38% (8/21), and 19% (4/21) for betulinic acid, ceramide, and TRAIL respectively, while this was only found in 5% (1/21) of gamma-irradiated and cisplatin-treated cells, and in none of the GBM cultures, where BCNU or vincristin were applied in PPC. Conclusion. Due to a markedly improved cell death of GBM cells as compared with established therapeutics, Betulinic acid, ceramide and TRAIL might represent potent substances for future treatment of GBM
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15197616
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  • 2
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; LUNG-CANCER ; STIMULATION ; INDUCED APOPTOSIS ; ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA ; PHARMACOKINETICS ; brain metastases ; paclitaxel ; dexamethasone ; PREDNISOLONE
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are widely used for cancer patients, although they can reduce the efficacy of anticancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We characterized non-apoptotic actions of glucocorticoids on tumor cell lines, primary tumor cells and an in vivo model, together with molecular signaling studies. RESULTS: Glucocorticoids enhanced cell proliferation in 9/17 cell lines and significantly promoted tumor cell proliferation in a pre-clinical mouse model of lung carcinoma. 65/139 primary acute childhood leukemia samples were glucocorticoid-resistant. Both dexamethasone and prednisolone increased in vitro survival in 21/65 samples from glucocorticoid-resistant primary leukemias, revealing a completely new action of glucocorticoids. Dexamethasone-induced proliferation was mediated by glucocorticoid receptor and activated the proliferation signaling pathways of protein kinase B/AKT and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that restriction of the use of glucocorticoids during anticancer treatment might improve the outcome of patients with solid tumors.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23060545
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