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  • 1
    Keywords: SPECTROSCOPY ; MEN ; PREDICTION ; COIL ; DEFINITION ; ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE ; LOCAL STAGING ACCURACY
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate whether clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa) can be ruled out by high-spatial resolution T2-weighted endorectal MRI (eMRI) in a cohort of patients with biopsy-proven PCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out for consecutive patients who underwent 1.5 Tesla eMRI for local staging before open radical prostatectomy. The cohort was dichotomized into patients with apparent or inapparent tumour on eMRI. The results were compared with final histopathology, and an analysis for presence of clinically significance PCa was performed. RESULTS: A total of 385 patients were included in the study; in 85 patients (22 %), no apparent lesion suspicious for PCa was detected on eMRI, still final pathology revealed clinically significant PCa in 61 of these patients (72 %). In contrast, 256 (85 %) of the 300 patients with apparent tumour in eMRI harboured clinically significant PCa. eMRI could not differentiate clinically significant from insignificant PCa in neither of the groups (p 〉 0.6). CONCLUSIONS: Presence of clinically significant cancer cannot be excluded by high-resolution 1.5 Tesla T2-weighted eMRI. The results of the study suggest that the role of T2-weighted eMRI for selecting patients suitable for AS is limited.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23754478
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  • 2
    Keywords: carcinoma ; MRI ; PROGNOSTIC-SIGNIFICANCE ; adenocarcinoma ; PREDICTION ; RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY ; COIL ; LOCALIZED PROSTATE-CANCER ; 3 T ; STAGING ACCURACY
    Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of high-spatial resolution T2-weighted endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (eMRI) for detection and pattern depiction of seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: 376 patients were included who underwent eMRI for staging before radical open prostatectomy at 1.5 T with an endorectal coil. Statistical accuracy for detection of SVI was calculated. MR images of patients with SVI were further evaluated by two radiologists according to the classification by Wheeler and Ohori. Results: In the cohort, 35 patients had SVI after histopathological evaluation of the prostatectomy specimen (stage pT3b). Sensitivity and specificity for detection of SVI were 48.6 and 97.7%, respectively. Negative and positive predictive values and overall accuracy were 94.9, 68.0, and 93.1%, respectively. Infiltration pattern analysis showed that type I invasion was most common with 48.6 followed by type IIa (31.4%) and IIb (20%). Type III was not present. There was no statistical significant difference between the three groups regarding Gleason score, age, and prostate-specific antigen level. Conclusions: eMRI with high-spatial resolution T2-weighted imaging is accurate for assessment of SVI. Depiction of different infiltration types of SVI is feasible. By adding information about the extent of SVI, diagnostic reporting and risk stratification could be improved. (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24296943
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