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  • DKFZ Publication Database  (2)
  • PROSTATE-CANCER  (2)
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  • DKFZ Publication Database  (2)
  • 1
    Keywords: carcinoma ; POPULATION ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; MARKER ; OVARIAN-CANCER ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; METAANALYSIS ; susceptibility loci ; GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION ; PLATFORM
    Abstract: Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of Type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or epigenetic effects on HNF1B gene expression. We previously found single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the HNF1B locus to be associated with endometrial cancer, and now report extensive fine-mapping and in silico and laboratory analyses of this locus. Analysis of 1184 genotyped and imputed SNPs in 6608 Caucasian cases and 37 925 controls, and 895 Asian cases and 1968 controls, revealed the best signal of association for SNP rs11263763 (P = 8.4 x 10(-14), odds ratio = 0.86, 95% confidence interval = 0.82-0.89), located within HNF1B intron 1. Haplotype analysis and conditional analyses provide no evidence of further independent endometrial cancer risk variants at this locus. SNP rs11263763 genotype was associated with HNF1B mRNA expression but not with HNF1B methylation in endometrial tumor samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Genetic analyses prioritized rs11263763 and four other SNPs in high-to-moderate linkage disequilibrium as the most likely causal SNPs. Three of these SNPs map to the extended HNF1B promoter based on chromatin marks extending from the minimal promoter region. Reporter assays demonstrated that this extended region reduces activity in combination with the minimal HNF1B promoter, and that the minor alleles of rs11263763 or rs8064454 are associated with decreased HNF1B promoter activity. Our findings provide evidence for a single signal associated with endometrial cancer risk at the HNF1B locus, and that risk is likely mediated via altered HNF1B gene expression.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25378557
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; CANCER CELLS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; INVASION ; proliferation ; CELL ; FACTOR RECEPTOR ; Germany ; human ; MICROSCOPY ; VITRO ; GENE ; PROTEIN ; RNA ; MOLECULES ; TISSUE ; LINES ; RELEASE ; PATIENT ; FAMILY ; TISSUES ; FLOW ; CELL-LINES ; LESIONS ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA ; CELL-LINE ; LINE ; CANCER-CELLS ; EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX ; ADHESION ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; INVOLVEMENT ; adenocarcinoma ; intraepithelial neoplasia ; BEHAVIOR ; cell lines ; pancreatic cancer ; chronic pancreatitis ; TNF-ALPHA ; EPIDERMAL-GROWTH-FACTOR ; FACTOR-ALPHA ; signaling ; pancreas ; RE ; PANCREATIC-CANCER ; DUCTAL ADENOCARCINOMA ; INCREASE ; ENZYME ; pancreatic ; PHASE ; technique ; function ; NECROSIS ; METALLOPROTEINASE ; ADAM ; ADAMS ; TACE
    Abstract: A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) molecules are known for their unique potential to combine adhesion, proteolysis, and signaling. To understand the role of ADAM17/tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) converting enzyme (TACE) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), we investigated its expression, function, and in vitro regulation. ADAM17/TACE mRNA was expressed in 3 of 10 normal pancreatic tissues, 6 of 8 samples from patients with chronic pancreatitis, 10 of 10 PDAC tissues, and 9 of 9 pancreatic cancer cell lines, but it was absent in primary duct epithelial cells. Immunohistochemical staining revealed positive cancer cells in 8 of 10 PDACs but no staining of ducts in normal pancreas. ADAM17/TACE was found in 0 of 16 pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN)-1A lesions, I of 30 PanIN-1B lesions, 2 of 13 PanIN-2 lesions but, in 13 of 15 PanIN-3 lesions, associated with PDAC. Western blot, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy analyses showed the aberrant expression of ADAM17/TACE protein in pancreatic cancer cell lines. The proteolytic activity of ADAM17/TACE, assessed by the release of TNF-alpha, was inhibited by TNF-alpha protease inhibitor. ADAM17/TACE gene silencing using small interfering RNA technique in vitro reduced invasion behavior dramatically, whereas proliferation was unaffected. Furthermore, ADAM17/TACE mRNA expression was down-regulated in pancreatic cancer cells arrested in G(2)-M phase as well as in a time-dependent manner after TNF-alpha and interleukin-6 incubation. In conclusion, our findings provide evidence of aberrant expression of the proteolytically active ADAM17/TACE in advanced precursor lesions (PanIN-3) and PDAC while identifying its critical involvement in the invasion process
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16982746
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