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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Perichondrium ; Cartilage defects ; Tissue culture ; Fibrin glue ; Collagen sponge
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The effectiveness of autologous rib perichondrium for repair of full-thickness hyaline cartilage defects has been shown experimentally and clinically in various reports. The purpose of this study was to examine the behaviour of sheep rib perichondrial tissue under in vitro conditions and the influence of different culture matrices in order to evaluate possible stimulating effects. Rib perichondrium was obtained from sheep used for an experimental in vivo trial. After removal of adjacent cartilage remnants the tissue was devided and specimens cultured for 14 days in different ways. Explants cultured on collagen sponges (group A), fibrin glue (group B) and cellulose acetate filter (group C) were examined histologically, histochemically, histomorphometrically and autoradiographically. Clear differentiation of perichondrial cells towards a chondrocyte-like cell shape, particularly in the proliferation zone, was noticed on all matrices. These cells synthesized new matrix substances comparable to the ground substance normally present in hyaline cartilage. Morphometric comparison of tissue differentiation on different culture matrices revealed no significant differences in proliferation rates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Perichondrium ; Cartilage defects ; Cartilage transplantation ; Fibrin glue ; Collagen sponge
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The purpose of the present study was to examine the fate of autologous perichondrial grafts after transplantation into cartilage lesions in weight-bearing joints. Osteochondral lesions were made in the articular surface of knee joints in 36 sheep. The defects were filled with autologous rib perichondrial grafts which were secured by either collagen sponges (12 animals) or fibrin glue (12 animals). Defects without perichondrial grafts served as controls (12 animals). Following 1 week of immobilization of the operated leg, the plaster was removed and the animals were allowed to move freely. Animals were sacrificed after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks. The grafts were removed and investigated histologically. In contrast to weight-bearing areas and control defects, hyaline-like cartilage formation was seen in non-weightbearing areas after 4 weeks. This newly formed cartilage revealed strong metachromasia following staining with acidic toluidine blue and reacted positively with periodic acid-Schiff, indicating de novo synthesis of proteoglycans and glycoproteins. Scanning electron microscopy and examinations with polarized light confirmed a hyaline cartilage-like architecture for the surface area as well as for the fibre orientation of the whole graft. Enzyme histochemistry for alkaline and acid phosphatase activity showed positive reactivity only at the base of the transplants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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