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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Image analysis ; Morphometry ; Peroxisomes ; Catalase ; Cytochemistry ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The feasibility of the application of a television-based image analyzer, the Texture Analysis System (TAS, Leitz Wetzlar, FRG) in conjunction with a light microscope for morphometric studies of hepatic peroxisomes has been investigated. Rat liver peroxisomes were stained with the alkaline-DAB method for localization of catalase and semi-thin (0.25 and 1 μm) sections of plastic-embedded material were examined under an oil immersion objective. The TAS detected the peroxisomal profiles selectively and determined their morphometric parameters automatically. The same parameters were obtained also by morphometric analysis of electron micrographs from the same material. The volume density of peroxisomes determined by TAS in semithin sections of normal liver, after correction for section thickness, is quite close to the corresponding value obtained by morphometry of electron micrographs. The difference is approximately 20%. In animals treated with the hypolipidemic drug bezafibrate, which causes proliferation of peroxisomes, TAS detected readily the increase in volume density of peroxisomes in semithin sections. In comparison with electron microscopy, however, the light-microscopic approach seems to underestimate the proliferation. The lower resolution of the light microscope and overlapping of neighbouring particles in relatively thick sections used for lightmicroscopic analysis may account for the differences. The present study has demonstrated the usefulness of automatic image analysis in conjunction with selective cytochemical staining of peroxisomes for morphometry of this organelle in rat liver. The light-microscopic approach is not only faster but is also extremely economical by obviating the use of an electron microscope.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Image analysis ; Morphometry ; Peroxisomes ; Catalase ; Cytochemistry ; Liver ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The feasibility of the application of an electronic image analyzer, the Texture Analysis System (TAS) (Leitz Wetzlar, FRG), for fast automatic ultrastructural morphometric studies of hepatic peroxisomes has been investigated. Rat liver peroxisomes were stained selectively with the alkaline DAB procedure for localization of catalase in order to obtain sufficient contrast for automatic detection by TAS. Electron micrographs of ultrathin sections from this material were analyzed both automatically by TAS and manually by using a digitizer tablet connected with an Apple IIe microcomputer. The results showed negligible differences. As far as the speed of the operation is concerned, the image analysis was 4–5 times faster than the manual technique. In further studies, the importance of using DAB-stained sections for accurate morphometric studies of peroxisomes was demonstrated by comparing the results of such DAB-stained preparations with unstained material. This revealed that the numerical density was lower and the average profile diameter higher in unstained sections. The value for volume density was also affected, being about 30% lower in such preparations. It is likely that in unstained preparations small peroxisomes without crystalline nucleoids were frequently not identified as such and were not taken into account in morphometric calculations. These observations establish that computer-controlled electronic image analysis in conjunction with selective cytochemical staining of peroxisomes for catalase provides a fast, accurate and reliable method for ultrastructural morphometric studies of this organelle in rat liver.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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