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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-02-19
    Description: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) function as initiators of inflammation through their ability to sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns and products of tissue damage. Transcriptional activation of many TLR-responsive genes requires an initial de-repression step in which nuclear receptor co-repressor (NCoR) complexes are actively removed from the promoters of target genes to relieve basal repression. Ligand-dependent SUMOylation of liver X receptors (LXRs) has been found to suppress TLR4-induced transcription potently by preventing the NCoR clearance step, but the underlying mechanisms remain enigmatic. Here we provide evidence that coronin 2A (CORO2A), a component of the NCoR complex of previously unknown function, mediates TLR-induced NCoR turnover by a mechanism involving interaction with oligomeric nuclear actin. SUMOylated LXRs block NCoR turnover by binding to a conserved SUMO2/SUMO3-interaction motif in CORO2A and preventing actin recruitment. Intriguingly, the LXR transrepression pathway can itself be inactivated by inflammatory signals that induce calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIgamma (CaMKIIgamma)-dependent phosphorylation of LXRs, leading to their deSUMOylation by the SUMO protease SENP3 and release from CORO2A. These findings uncover a CORO2A-actin-dependent mechanism for the de-repression of inflammatory response genes that can be differentially regulated by phosphorylation and by nuclear receptor signalling pathways that control immunity and homeostasis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="" target="_blank"〉〈img src="" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Huang, Wendy -- Ghisletti, Serena -- Saijo, Kaoru -- Gandhi, Meghal -- Aouadi, Myriam -- Tesz, Greg J -- Zhang, Dawn X -- Yao, Joyee -- Czech, Michael P -- Goode, Bruce L -- Rosenfeld, Michael G -- Glass, Christopher K -- 1F31DK083913/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- CA52599/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- DK074868/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK085853/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- HC088093/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- P01 DK074868/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P50 HL056989/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA052599/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA097134/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK091183/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 HL065445/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS034934/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R37 DK039949/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Feb 17;470(7334):414-8. doi: 10.1038/nature09703.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0651, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Actins/chemistry/*metabolism ; Animals ; Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2/metabolism ; Cell Line ; *Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; HeLa Cells ; Homeostasis/genetics ; Humans ; Inflammation/*genetics ; Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology ; Mice ; Microfilament Proteins/chemistry/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Orphan Nuclear Receptors/metabolism ; Peptide Hydrolases/metabolism ; Peritonitis/chemically induced/metabolism ; Phosphorylation ; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Signal Transduction ; Sumoylation ; Thioglycolates/pharmacology ; Toll-Like Receptors/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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