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  • 1
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Prior to the study of poly(o- and p-vinylbenzyl trifluoromethyl ketone) (PVTFK) polymers and their reaction with alcohols, the reactions of some simple model compounds with alcohols were investigated. The reaction of fluorinated ketones toward alcohols was determined by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Two fluorinated ketones-p-methylbenzyl trifluoromethyl ketone (p-MTFK) and o-methylbenzyl trifluoromethyl ketone (o-MTFK)-were prepared. Studies of the reaction of p-MTFK and o-MTFK to various alcohols based on NMR produced equilibrium constants (1M in CCl4) at 31°C that ranged from 0.1 to 6.0. The equilibrium constants for p-MTFK with alcohols were larger than those for o-MTFK. In addition, the equilibrium constants for primary alcohols were larger than those for secondary and tertiary alcohols. Steric effects in this reaction could explain the lowered equilibrium constants for o-MTFK and the secondary and tertiary alcohols.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Copolymers of styrene/p-vinyltrifluoroacetophenone were prepared by two different reaction routes: (1) modification of polystyrene with trifluoroacetyl chloride and (2) copolymerization of styrene and p-vinyltrifluoroacetophenone (VTFA). There appears to be a limit to the modification method because only a maximum content of 14.5 mole % trifluoroacetyl functionality could be attached to the polymer before the onset of crosslinking. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to determine their Tg's. In addition, the reactivity ratios of styrene and VTFA were investigated. The reactivity ratios and Q and e values were r1 = 0.30 ± 0.09 (styrene) and r2 = 1.3 ± 0.3 (VTFA); Q1 = 1.0 and e1 = -0.8 (styrene); Q2 = 0.44 and e2 = 1.93 (VTFA).
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The unexpected crystallinity of free radically polymerized poly(p-vinyltrifluoroacetophenone) (PVTFA) due to lateral order was previously found in this laboratory. To further the understanding of the relationship between chemical structure and crystalline order in polymers of the PVTFA type, polymers of similar structure were synthesized and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). These polymers were poly(p-vinyldifluoroacetophenone) (PVDFA), poly(p-vinylphenylheptafluoropropyl ketone) (PVHFK), poly(p-vinylacetophenone) (PVA), and poly(p-vinylphenyltrifluoromethyl carbinol) (PVPTC). Only PVTFA had a crystalline melting temperature (188°C); 220-MHz nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on the microstructure of PVTFA and PVDFA revealed broad peaks for the chain protons. The PVTFA was therefore assumed to be predominantly atactic. The results suggested that the unusual crystallinity of PVTFA was related to the unique size and interaction of the trifluoroacetyl moiety on the polymeric side chain.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A series of new fluorinated ketone-containing polymers, poly(p-vinyltrifluoroacetophenone) (PVTFA), poly(p-vinyldifluoroacetophenone) (PVDFA), poly(p-vinylphenylheptafluoropropyl ketone) (PVHFK), and poly(o-and p-vinylbenzyltrifluoromethyl ketone) (PVTFK), were prepared by the free radical polymerization of the corresponding monomers. The monomers, p-vinyltrifluoroacetophenone (VTFA), p-vinyldifluoroacetophenone (VDFA), p-vinylphenylheptafluoropropyl ketone (VHFK), and o-and p-vinylbenzyltrifluoromethyl ketone (VTFK), were prepared by the reaction of Grignard reagent with the corresponding perfluoroacid or its lithium salt. Polymerization was a competitive side reaction during monomer preparation. Reduced side reaction and higher yields of monomer (based on the Grignard reagent) were obtained from the lithium salt of the perfluoroacid, compared with the perfluoroacid itself. These new substituted polystyrenes which contain fluorinated ketone functionality were characterized by their ability to (1) react with active hydrogen compounds such as alcohols or water; (2) have high glass transition temperatures and decreased solubility in nonpolar solvents (e. g., benzene) compared with polystyrene; and (3) be converted into other functional groups such as alcohols or acids by treatment with the appropriate chemical reagents. Beads of a styrene (ST) terpolymer with 2% divinylbenzene (DVB), which contained the CF3COCH2 function, were prepared by suspension polymerization of ST, VTFK, and DVB. The terpolymer, which contains 15-17% mole (or 0.70-0.71 meg/g) of CF3COCH2 swollen with a solvent, were shown to chemisorb alcohols.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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