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  • 1
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: tensile drawing ; morphology ; polybutylene ; terephthalate ; Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The concept of the drawing of a molecular network has been employed to derive a total network draw ratio from the combination of the two deformations occurring in the production of poly(butylene terephthalate), PBT, fibers by the consecutive processes of melt spinning and cold drawing. The mechanical properties of PBT can then be more readily explained in terms of increases in this total network draw ratio. However, the preorientation and crystallization that occurs in the melt-spinning process can occur at different strain rates and temperatures, depending on the wind up speed employed, on the extensional viscosity of the polymer, and on the variation of the extensional viscosity with temperature. Therefore, for polymers such as poly(butylene terephthalate), which can exist in two crystalline forms, the morphology of the final drawn fiber might be expected to depend on the first melt-spinning stage of the process as well as on the total network draw ratio. In this work, density, birefringence, mechanical measurements, and WAXD measurements, which have been made on the melt-spun fibers and on the drawn fibers, are described. Small differences in some of the drawn yarn mechanical properties at the same overall network draw ratio are related to the crystallinity and in particular to differences in the proportion of the α and β phases present in the drawn yarn. These in turn are related to differences in the temperature and stress during melt spinning and drawing. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci B: Polym Phys 35: 2465-2481, 1997
    Additional Material: 18 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: It is proposed that the mobility of sufficiently long molecules undergoing translational diffusion through solid polyethylene is significantly reduced by tie molecules and fixed entanglements within the interlamellar regions of the matrix. The effect on the diffusion coefficient both of diffusant molecular length and of the host matrix morphology is considered, and a semiquantitative relation between them obtained. This indicates that the mobility of long diffusants is higher in polyethylene which has been cooled slowly from the melt than it is in quenched polyethylene, in marked contrast to the behavior of gaseous and other small diffusants.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The diffusion coefficient for two diffusants of the type n-(CH2)NX is measured, where N ≃ 25, 45 and X is a suitable label; the matrix is linear polyethylene cooled at two widely differing rates from the melt. The measuring technique used is a recently developed one based on infrared microdensitometry. The results indicate that these diffusants diffuse faster in the slowly cooled matrix, in marked contrast to the behavior of gaseous diffusants. They are in agreement with the predictions of the model developed in a previous paper (part I), in which the constraints imposed by interlamellar tie molecules on long diffusants were shown to be important.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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