Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Chitosan was chemically modified by alkylation with N-(2-bromoethyl) phthalimide, N-(3-bromopropyl) phthalimide, and N-(4-bromobutyl) phthalimide. The resulting N-(phthalidimidoalkyl) chitosans were treated with hydrazine to remove the phthalidimido group resulting in the final N-(aminoalkyl) chitosan products. For comparison purposes, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was alkylated with N-(3-bromopropyl) phthalimide, then treated with hydrazine to give the N-(3-aminopropyl) PVA product. All alkylation products were characterized by solution 1H- and 13C-NMR and by solid-state CP-MAS 13C-NMR. The above synthetic polymer derivatives, as well as chitosan, polyallyl amine, and polyethylen-imine, were used to form membrane coatings around calcium alginate beads in which blue dextran of molecular weight 7.08×104 or 26.6×104 was entrapped. These microcapsules were prepared by extrusion of a solution of blue dextran in sodium alginate into a solution containing calcium chloride and the membrane polymer. Membrane integrity and permeability were assessed by measuring the elution of the blue dextran from the capsules, spectrophotometrically. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Type of Medium: