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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (6)
  • ADRENERGIC-RECEPTOR TRAFFICKING  (1)
  • Electronystagmography  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-4726
    Keywords: Key words Vestibular schwannoma ; Tumor activity ; Vestibular compensation ; Electronystagmography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Vestibular function was studied in a group of 121 patients with unilateral vestibular schwannomas who were referred to University Hospital Utrecht between 1986 and 1996. Testing included the caloric test, torsion test, saccade test, smooth pursuit test and the registration of spontaneous nystagmus. Each patient’s symptoms were taken from a chart review. The size of the tumor was expressed as the maximum extrameatal diameter in the axial plane parallel to the petrous ridge as seen in magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography. Large tumors were significantly more often accompanied by a more severe paresis on caloric testing, a smaller gain on torsion testing, spontaneous nystagmus, an abnormal saccade test and an abnormal smooth pursuit test. The presence of spontaneous nystagmus was significantly more frequently combined with an abnormal smooth pursuit and saccade test. There was a significant correlation between the slow component’s velocity of the spontaneous nystagmus and the size and progression of tumor. However, a specific relation between tumor size and central vestibular compensation could not be demonstrated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 36 (1988), S. 1177-1189 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Unstable solutions of ultrahigh molecular weight polyamide 6 have been prepared by adding a nonsolvent to the polymer solution. Crystallization of the polyamide from such a solution proceeds very slowly. It has been found, however, that vigorous stirring of the unstable solutions induces rapid fibrous crystallization of the polymer. The fiber mat consists of irregularly shaped fibers. A low temperature and a high stirring rate are among the conditions necessary to obtain a high yield of fibrous material. The fibers formed upon stirring have a higher molecular weight than the polyamide 6 molecules which remain in the solution. The melting point of the fibers depends on the speed of the paddle stirrer. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermogram reveals higher melting temperatures of the fibrous material if higher stirring rates have been applied.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The role of the intrinsic viscosity [η] as separation parameter in gel permeation chromatography (GPC) was studied for dextrans (from Leuconostoc mesenteroids B512) dissolved in water with deactivated silicagel (Porasil) as the column-filling material. For that purpose specific viscosities of dextran fractions eluted by GPC were measured as a function of the elution volume v. Provided that the elution volumes are corrected for zonal spreading, they are related to the intrinsic viscosities in an unambiguous way, probably reflecting a unique relationship between degree of branching and molecular weights. This was further investigated by developing an iteration method to prepare two calibration curves γ(v) and g(v), respectively, relating ln[\documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$\left[ {\bar \eta } \right]$\end {document}] and InM (M is the molecular weight) to v. It required that the weight-average molecular weight Mw, the number-average molecular weight Mn, and the average intrinsic viscosity [\documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$\left[ {\bar \eta } \right]$\end {document}] for a number of dextran samples (broad distributions) be previously known. The calibration curves found lead to consistent values of the above-mentioned averages. Moreover, they allow-establishment of the [\documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$\left[ {\bar \eta } \right]$\end {document}]-M relationship over the range 5000 〈 M 〈 500,000.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The universal calibration for gel permeation chromatography (GPC) has been applied to amylose and dextrans. The molecular weight distribution of amylose has been measured starting from known data on dextrans. The agreement found between the molecular weight averages resulting from GPC and those obtained by other methods justifies the procedure followed. The GPC measurements were performed with dimethylsulfoxide as the elution solvent and deactivated silica gel (Porasil) as the column-filling material.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A number of samples of poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PLA) with weight-average molecular weights M̄w in the range 15,000-350,000 were prepared by a ring-opening polymerization. The molecular weight distributions (MWDs) of these samples were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The method involves a universal calibration of the columns on the basis of polystyrene standards and a rapid iteration algorithm leading to the establishment of the Mark-Houwink relationship. In addition, osmometry and viscometry data are presented. The effect of hydrolytic degradation on the MWD of two PLA samples was studied by GPC.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: We studied the elution of dextrans in gel permeation chromatography (GPC) using a low-angle laser light-scattering (LALLS) system to monitor the molecular weight and the standard refractive index (RI) detector to measure the concentration. In pure water the dextrans show bimodal chromatograms of the RI response as well as of the LALLS response. The first eluted peak reflects the macroion exclusion due to the repulsion between negatively charged macromolecules and equally charged gel. In spite of the resulting distortion of the chromatograms, correct values of the weight-average molecular weights (M̄w) are obtained from them. If instead of pure water a salt solution (0.1 M KNO3) is used as eluant, the charge effect is completely suppressed and single-peak chromatograms are found. Again correct values of M̄w are obtained, but number-average molecular weights turn out to be too large owing to axial column dispersion in the coupling arrangement. By introducing a spreading factor, values of M̄n could be corrected. Investigations of the charge effect were also carried out by monitoring the electric conductivity of the eluted dextran zone. In this way, the phenomenon of ion inclusion, evidently provoked by charged dextran molecules, was observed.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biopolymers 46 (1998), S. 31-37 
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: DNA liquid crystals ; DNA fragments ; screened Coulomb interactions ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The critical volume fractions pertaining to the formation of DNA liquid crystals were obtained from polarization microscopy, 31P-nmr, and phase separation experiments. The DNA length (approximately one to two times the persistence length 50 nm), ionic strength, and counterion variety dependencies are reported. The cholesteric-isotropic transition is interpreted in terms of the coexistence equations, which are derived from the solution free energy including orientational entropy and excluded volume effects. With the wormlike chain as reference system, the electrostatic contribution to the free energy is evaluated as a thermodynamic perturbation in the second virial approximation with a Debye-Hückel potential of mean force. The hard core contribution has been evaluated with scaled particle theory and/or a simple generalization of the Carnahan-Starling equation of state for hard spheres. For sufficiently high ionic strengths, the agreement is almost quantitative. At lower amounts of added salt deviations are observed, which are tentatively attributed to counterion screening effects. The contour length dependence agrees with a DNA persistence length 50 nm. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopoly 46: 31-37, 1998
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Keywords: MORTALITY ; RISK ; GENE ; MICE ; ASSOCIATION ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; HYPERTENSION ; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE ; METAANALYSIS ; HEART-FAILURE ; ADRENERGIC-RECEPTOR TRAFFICKING
    Abstract: Numerous genetic loci have been associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in Europeans(1-3). We now report genome-wide association studies of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). In discovery (N = 74,064) and follow-up studies (N = 48,607), we identified at genome-wide significance (P = 2.7 x 10(-8) to P = 2.3 x 10(-13)) four new PP loci (at 4q12 near CHIC2, 7q22.3 near PIK3CG, 8q24.12 in NOV and 11q24.3 near ADAMTS8), two new MAP loci (3p21.31 in MAP4 and 10q25.3 near ADRB1) and one locus associated with both of these traits (2q24.3 near FIGN) that has also recently been associated with SBP in east Asians. For three of the new PP loci, the estimated effect for SBP was opposite of that for DBP, in contrast to the majority of common SBP- and DBP-associated variants, which show concordant effects on both traits. These findings suggest new genetic pathways underlying blood pressure variation, some of which may differentially influence SBP and DBP
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21909110
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