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  • 1
    ISSN: 0025-116X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Polymeric conjugates of adriamycin (ADR) (2) or daunomycin (DM) (3) were synthesized by reaction of the drugs with the copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anyhdride (DIVEMA) (1). The content of ADR moieties in the DIVEMA conjugate (4) could be varied depending on the reaction conditions up to 35,8 wt.-%. Considering the low toxicity and the high possibility of renal excretion, DIVEMA with M̄w of 7000 and M̄w/M̄n = 1,6 was used for the conjugation. The rate of drug release from the conjugate was determined under physiological conditions by reversed phase HPLC. Within 14 days only 15% of the attached ADR was released from conjugate 4. The antitumor activity of the conjugates was tested in vitro and in vivo against mouse P388 leukemia. Conjugate 4 proved to be 28 times less active than ADR in vitro, which could be explained from the slow drug-release. On the contrary 50% of the leukemic mice treated by 4 survived more than 60 days, whereas no mice given ADR alone or the admixture of ADR and DIVEMA survived 30 days. An antitumor activity of the polymeric conjugate better than that of the free drug was also observed in vivo with DM. Such a polymeric effect can be attributed either to the change in body distribution, the difference in pharmacokinetics, or the slow drugrelease.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: ONO-4007 ; Lipid A ; Antitumor effect ; TNF ; TIM
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract ONO-4007 is a novel synthetic analog of lipid A subunit and has been shown to exert antitumor activities on various experimental tumors with less toxicity than lipopolysaccharide. It remains unclear, however, what biological activities of this compound are relevant to its antitumor effects. We therefore investigated the activation of macrophages by ONO-4007 in vitro and in vivo and its implication in antitumor effects, using mouse MM46 mammary tumor as an experimental model. Intravenous injection of ONO-4007 produced significant therapeutic effects on this solid tumor. ONO-4007 could stimulate glycogen-elicited peritoneal macrophages in vitro, not only to produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF), but also to exert cytocidal activities against MM46 cells in vitro. Substantial TNF production was induced in tumor tissue by i. v. injection of ONO-4007, and its successive administration to tumor-bearing mice gave tumor-infiltrating macrophages a prominent in vitro tumoricidal activity and primed them for in vitro TNF secretion. These results suggest that activation of tumor-infiltrating macrophages to a direct tumoricidal state as well as to TNF secretion in tumor tissues may be at least some of the antitumor effects of this novel lipid A analog.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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