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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (89)
  • Springer eBooks  (6)
  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Public Health ; Epidemiology ; Bioinformatics ; Biomedicine ; Human Genetics ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Public Health/Gesundheitswesen ; Epidemiology ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9781441914828
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  • 2
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Public Health ; Epidemiology ; Bioinformatics ; Biochemistry ; Biomedicine ; Human Genetics ; Epidemiology ; Biochemistry, general ; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics ; Public Health ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction -- 1. Toward new tools -- 2. Models of development -- 3. Groupoid symmetries -- 4. Epigenetic catalysis -- 5. Developmental disorders -- 6. An interim perspective -- 7. The obesity pandemic in the US -- 8. Coronary heart disease in the US. - 9. Cancer: a developmental perspective -- 10. Autoimmune disorders -- 11. Demoralization and obesity in Upper Manhattan -- 12. Death at an early age: AIDS and related mortality in New York City -- 13. Mental Disorders I: Western atomism and its culture-bound syndromes -- 14. Mental Disorders II: Psychopathology and sleep -- 15. Diabetes and Thyroid Cancer in Manhattan's Chinatown -- 16. Right-To-Work Laws and Alzheimer's Disease -- 17. Stress as an Environmental Exposure -- 18. Final Thoughts -- 19. Mathematical Appendix
    Abstract: This book describes how epigenetic context, in a large sense, affects gene expression and the development of an organism, using the asymptotic limit theorems of information theory to construct statistical models useful in data analysis. The approach allows deep understanding of how embedding context affects development. We find that epigenetic information sources act as tunable catalysts, directing ontogeny into characteristic pathways, a perspective having important implications for epigenetic epidemiology. In sum, environmental stressors can induce a broad spectrum of developmental dysfunctions, and the book explores a number of pandemic chronic diseases, using U.S. data at different scales and levels of organization. In particular, we find the legacy of slavery has been grossly compounded by accelerating industrial decline and urban decay. Individual chapters are dedicated to obesity and its sequelae, coronary heart disease, cancer, mental disorders, autoimmune dysfunction, Alzheimer’s disease, and other conditions. Developmental disorders are driven by environmental factors channeled by historical trajectory and are unlikely to respond to medical interventions at the population level in the face of persistent individual and community stress. Drugs powerful enough to affect deleterious epigenetic programming will likely have side effects leading to shortened lifespan. Addressing chronic conditions and developmental disorders requires significant large-scale changes in public policy and resource allocation
    Pages: XIII, 344 p. 52 illus. : online resource.
    Edition: 2nd ed. 2017.
    ISBN: 9783319480787
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  • 3
    Keywords: Otorhinolaryngology ; Neurosciences ; Otorhinolaryngology ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Visual Influence on Auditory Perception -- Cue Combination Within a Bayesian Framework -- Toward a Model of Auditory-Visual Speech Intelligibility -- An Object-Based Interpretation of Audiovisual Processing -- Hearing in a “Moving” Visual World: Coordinate Transformations Along the Auditory Pathway -- Multisensory Processing in the Auditory Cortex -- Audiovisual Integration in the Primate Prefrontal Cortex -- Using Multisensory Integration to Understand the Human Auditory Cortex -- Combining Voice and Face Content in the Primate Temporal Lobe -- Neural Network Dynamics and Audiovisual Integration -- Cross-Modal Learning in the Auditory System -- Multisensory Processing Differences in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Abstract: Auditory behavior, perception, and cognition are all shaped by information from other sensory systems. This volume examines this multi-sensory view of auditory function at levels of analysis ranging from the single neuron to neuroimaging in human clinical populations. Visual Influence on Auditory Perception Adrian K.C. Lee and Mark T. Wallace Cue Combination within a Bayesian Framework David Alais and David Burr Toward a Model of Auditory-Visual Speech Intelligibility Ken W. Grant and Joshua G. W. Bernstein An Object-based Interpretation of Audiovisual Processing Adrian K.C. Lee, Ross K. Maddox, and Jennifer K. Bizley Hearing in a “Moving” Visual World: Coordinate Transformations Along the Auditory Pathway Shawn M. Willett, Jennifer M. Groh, Ross K. Maddox Multisensory Processing in the Auditory Cortex Andrew J. King, Amy Hammond-Kenny, Fernando R. Nodal Audiovisual Integration in the Primate Prefrontal Cortex Bethany Plakke and Lizabeth M. Romanski Using Multisensory Integration to Understand Human Auditory Cortex Michael S. Beauchamp Combining Voice and Face Content in the Primate Temporal Lobe Catherine Perrodin and Christopher I. Petkov Neural Network Dynamics and Audiovisual Integration Julian Keil and Daniel Senkowski Cross-Modal Learning in the Auditory System Patrick Bruns and Brigitte Röder Multisensory Processing Differences in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Sarah H. Baum Miller, Mark T. Wallace Adrian K.C. Lee is Associate Professor in the Department of Speech & Hearing Sciences and the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences at the University of Washington, Seattle Mark T. Wallace is the Louise B McGavock Endowed Chair and Professor in the Departments of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Psychiatry, Psychology and Director of the Vanderbilt Brain Institute at Vanderbilt University, Nashville Allison B. Coffin is Associate Professor in the Department of Integrative Physiology and Neuroscience at Washington State University, Vancouver, WA Arthur N. Popper is Professor Emeritus and research professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Maryland, College Park Richard R. Fay is Distinguished Research Professor of Psychology at Loyola University, Chicago
    Pages: XVI, 272 p. 70 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030104610
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  • 4
    Keywords: Popular works ; Gene Expression ; Evolutionary Biology ; Medicine ; Health ; Popular Science ; Popular Life Sciences ; Evolutionary Biology ; Popular Science in Medicine and Health ; Gene Expression ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Preface -- Part I: The Novel -- Part II: The Science behind the fiction
    Abstract: Genetics professor Michelle Murphy loses her husband under mysterious circumstances and without warning, while their brilliant eight-year-old daughter Avalon, adopted in Kazakhstan, stubbornly believes she is a mutant. As if this were not enough, she soon finds herself thrown into the middle of a quickly thickening plot, where the legacy of Genghis Khan meets the hunt for FOXP5, a genetic transcription factor that could herald the dawn of new human species. Initially caught helplessly between well-meaning fellow scientists, the government, and more sinister agents, Michelle eventually takes control with the help of a host of unlikely heroes and finds the courage to confront the decision of whether to save human lives or humanity. The scientific and technical aspects underlying the plot – in particular aspects of FOX proteins, genetic mutations, viruses, and cancer as well as the relation between intelligence and cortical complexity – are introduced and discussed by the authors in an extensive, non-technical appendix. Science writer Wallace Kaufman’s work has appeared in major magazines and newspapers in the U.S., England, and Kazakhstan. After Duke University he earned an M.Litt. from Oxford. His writing has taken him to Central and South America, to European Russia and the coasts of Siberia. He worked in most of Central Asia and served as resident adviser on housing and land reform in Kazakhstan. His books include Invasive Plants: Guide to Identification and the Impacts and Control of Common North American Species (2nd edition, 2013), Coming Out of the Woods - A Memoir (2001), No Turning Back (1994), and The Beaches Are Moving: The Drowning of America's Shoreline, (1979/1983). David Deamer is a Research Professor of Biomolecular Engineering at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He recently published First Life: Discovering the Connections between Stars, Cells, and How Life Began (2011). Deamer's research concerns molecular self-assembly processes related to the origin and evolution of membrane structure. Over the past 25 years, he has been engaged in developing nanoscopic pores in lipid bilayers as a way to sequence DNA. This work came to fruition in 2015 when the first portable nanopore sequencing device was successfully tested by early users
    Pages: VII, 251 p. 1 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319289618
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  • 5
    Unknown
    Dordrecht : Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Science (General) ; Agriculture ; Endangered ecosystems ; Environmental management ; Development Economics ; Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Environmental management ; Ecosystems ; Science, general ; Development Economics ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9789400714120
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  • 6
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Human Genetics ; Psychiatry ; Systems Biology ; Life sciences ; Systems Biology ; Human Genetics ; Psychiatry ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Consciousness, Crosstalk, and the Mereological Fallacy -- A Cognitive Paradigm for Gene Expression -- Western Atomism and its Culture-Bound Syndromes -- Environmental Induction of Neurodevelopmental Disorders -- Sleep, Psychopathology and Culture -- Embodied cognition and its disorders -- Tools for the Future: Hidden Symmetries -- Psychopathologies of automata I: autonomous vehicle systems -- Psychopathologies of automata II: autonomous weapons and centaur systems -- The dynamics of environmental insult -- Social psychopathology: military doctrine and the madness of crowds -- Mathematical Appendix -- Index
    Abstract: This book explores mental disorders from a uniquely evolutionary perspective. Although there have been many attempts to mathematically model neural processes and, to some extent, their dysfunction, there is very little literature that models mental function within a sociocultural, socioeconomic, and environmental context. Addressing this gap in the extant literature, this book explores essential aspects of mental disorders, recognizing the ubiquitous role played by the exaptation of crosstalk between cognitive modules at many different scales and levels of organization, the missing heritability of complex diseases, and cultural epigenetics. Further, it introduces readers to valuable control theory tools that permit the exploration of the environmental induction of neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as the study of the synergism between culture, psychopathology and sleep disorders, offering a distinctively unique resource
    Pages: XII, 236 p. 31 illus. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319539102
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Enzyme-catalyzed preparation of polymers offers several potentially valuable advantages over the usual polymerization procedures. (1) Such polymerizations may allow the polymer to retain functionality that would be destroyed under normal polymerization conditions. (2) The selectivity provided by enzyme catalysts may permit polymers, including optically active polymers, to be prepared that are either not accessible or accessible only with difficulty by other methods. (3) The characteristics of the enzyme and the mild polymerization conditions may permit formation of polymers having highly regular sizes and backbone structures. This report describes the first successful use of an enzyme-catalyzed polycondensation to prepare a chiral (AA-BB)x polyesters of more than a few repeat units. Polymerization of bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl) alkanedioates (BB) with diols (AA) using the enzyme porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) as a catalyst is detailed. The polycondensations were carried out at ambient temperature in anhydrous, low polarity organic solvents such as ether, THF, and methylene chloride. End group analysis by NMR provided Mn values of 1300-8200 daltons while GPC provided Mw values of 2800-14900 daltons for the polymers. Based on proton NMR spectra obtained during the polymerization, relatively rapid formation of an AA-BB “dimer” and an AA-BB-AA “trimer,” slower formation of a BB-AA-BB “trimer,” and subsequent condensation of these to give higher polymers are suggested to be components of the polymerization mechanism.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0935-9648
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer International 37 (1995), S. 87-91 
    ISSN: 0959-8103
    Keywords: polyaniline ; colloids ; electrodeposition ; electroactivity ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The voltammetric properties of colloid dispersions of polyaniline have been studied. It has been found that with the use of appropriate oxidants, spherical polyaniline colloids with well defined voltammetric characteristics can be obtained.It has also been found that these colloids can be electrocoagulated to form coatings by imposition of a negative potential. Novel ‘Composite films’ can also be deposited from mixtures of colloids and show unique properties.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The enantioselective polymerization of bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl) trans-3,4-epoxyadipate with 1,4-butanediol using the enzyme porcine pancreatic lipase as a catalyst is described. The polymerization was carried out at ambient temperature in anhydrous ethyl ether. End group analysis provided MN = 5,300 daltons, whereas GPC provided Mw = 7,900 daltons for the polymer. The unchanged (+)-enantiomer of the diester was shown to have an enantiomeric purity of 〉 95% by proton NMR in the presence of the chiral shift reagent Eu(hfc)3. The stereochemical purity of the (-)-polymer was estimated at 〉 96% by consideration of the amount of the slower reacting enantiomer that could have been incorporated and still attain the observed degree of polymerization (25) when the starting ratio of racemic diester to diol was 2:1. Direct determination of the stereochemical purity of the polymer using Eu(hfc)3 was unsuccessful. Similar studies on polymer having random stereochemical orientations of the epoxide showed that such polymers do not behave as if they are racemic in the presence of the shift reagent. The polymer required for the latter studies was prepared by epoxidation of the product from enzyme catalyzed polymerization of bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl) trans-3-hexenedioate with 1,4-butanediol.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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