Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A kinetic approach to the polymer reaction, with KOH as catalyst, between ethanol and poly(p-vinylphenyldimethylsilane) containing silicon-hydrogen as a functional group on the side chain was carried out. The rate equation was obtained by measuring the initial rate of the model reaction as v = k[KOH] [SiH] [EtOH] in benzene and v = k[KOH] [SiH] in methyl ethyl ketone. It was observed that the rate of reaction was affected by the polarity of the solvents. In the polymer reaction the rate constant decreased markedly with increasing ethanol concentration. A change of viscosity of the polymer in various solvents was observed to have a good correlation with the decrease in reaction rate in corresponding solvents. In mixed solvents, consisting of both good and poor solvents for the polymers, the reaction rate depended upon two factors, the entanglement of the polymer chain and the polarity of the solvents. The equivalent globular model of the polymer chain is suggested for study of the polymer reaction. A schematic local-distribution curve of the reaction species is proposed.
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