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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 59 (1996), S. 1479-1488 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Molecular weight, root-mean-square radius, and conformational information obtained from aqueous size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and multiangle laser light-scattering (MALLS) detection are examined for amine-functional polymers. These include homopolymers and copolymers of poly(ethenylformamide) and cationic poly(vinylamine). Light-scattering studies for poly(ethenylformamide) employing 15 angles of detection are used to calculate molecular weights as high as 700,000 daltons with a root-mean-square radius of nearly 50 nm. Calculated conformational coefficients indicate a random-coil configuration at low molecular weights and a more compacted conformation at high molecular weights. Molecular weights and root-mean-square radius values for cationic poly(vinylamine) are determined using a three-angle MALLS detector. Root-mean-square radius is strongly dependent on the ionic strength of the mobile phase. Cationic poly(vinylamine) exhibits a rod-like conformation at both low and high ionic strength. Explanations are proposed for this behavior. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 62 (1996), S. 845-845 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0449-2978
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The modified Birnboim transducer and a computerized data acquisition and processing system (DAPS) for the measurement of viscoelastic properties of macromolecular solutions are described. The apparatus has a continuous frequency range from 0.01 to ca. 700 Hz and a viscosity range from 2 to ca. 30,000 poise (sample volume 1 to 1.5 cm2). Sample temperature is controlled to within 0.002°C from -30°C to +80°C. Working displacements are 102 to 104 Å. The DAPS is designed for precise determinations of the magnitudes and relative phasing of two sinusoidally time-varying electrical signals (0.02%, 0.02°, respectively, for signals 〉 2 V peak) from 10-2 to 105 Hz. Cross-correlation techniques are used for noise rejection. For frequencies below 30 Hz values of the storage (G') and loss (G″) components of the complex shear modulus (G*) of 1 dyne/cm2 are determined to within 10% and 4%, respectively, for liquids of moderately low viscosity. Proportionately higher measurement accuracies for typical values of G' and G″ and the wide frequency and viscosity ranges permit extrapolation to infinite dilution and studies of limited molecular flexibility for many polymer - solvent systems.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: poly(ethylene terephthalate), uniaxially drawn, near-surface structure of ; surface structure of drawn PET films, attenuated total-reflectance ; IR spectroscopy of ; crystallinity and near-surface structure of drawn PET ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Relative amounts of surface crystallinity and amorphous structure and their respective surface orientations were examined as a function of depth from the surface for a series of uniaxially drawn poly(ethyleneterephthalate) (PET) films using polarized attenuated total-reflectance infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR). Qualitative depth resolution on a scale from ca. 0.5 to 5 μm is obtained. The results indicate a higher degree of extended trans segments and a higher degree of extended trans orientation near the surface in the machine direction, relative to the bulk film. These quantities also increase with increasing uniaxial draw ratio. No evidence for orientation of the gauche conformer at the surface as a function of uniaxial draw ratio is observed. All conclusions are consistent with the presence of increased crystallinity at the surface of the films. Increases in trans structure and orientation measured by ATR-IR measurements are consistent with bulk crystallinity measurements from density and x-ray scattering measurements.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: No abstract.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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