Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Measurements of mechanical damping (tan δ) in the temperature range of -120° to +120°C at 110 Hz, of uniaxial tensile creep at 25.0° ± 0.5°C covering creep times from 10 to 1000 sec, and of impact strength at 21°C have been carried out for a series of physical PVC/PCL blends in the composition range of 0%-12% by weight of PCL in the blend. With increasing PCL content in the blend, the α-peak of PVC was shifted to lower temperatures and became broadened. The β-peak of PVC was also shifted to lower temperatures and was markedly suppressed. The tensile creep compliance of approximately linear viscoelasticity showed a maximum decrease of 10%, and the impact resistance was reduced 3.5 times when 5% and 12% by weight of PCL, respectively, was blended with PVC. There was also a considerable increase (25%) in stress level at which the transition from approximately linear to markedly nonlinear viscoelasticity occurred when up to 5% by weight of PCL was added to the PVC. These results are attributed to the antiplasticizing effect of PCL on PVC. They support the importance of β-mechanism in the stress-activated processes proposed to be responsible for the appearance of nonlinear viscoelasticity in glassy polymers, and they are in agreement with the pseudocrosslinking concept of antiplasticization. By comparing the antiplasticization behavior of PVC/PCL blends with that of PVC/DOA and PVC/DOS from reported data, it was possible to obtaing an idea of the level of compatibility in the PVC/PCL blends. The results suggest that PCL is partially compatible with PVC.
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