Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Block copolymers of ethylene and butadiene with short ethylene sequences and degrees of polymerization up to 250 have been studied calorimetrically to determine their structure in the melt and also on crystallization. Crystallization rate characteristics and the thermodynamic parameters of the melting of block copolymers were studied. Block copolymers with ethylene sequences with degrees of polymerization below 20-30 were amorphous. Those with ethylene sequences of 35-45 units crystallized with extended chain crystals; above 45 units the polyethylene blocks crystallized with chain folding. There was a corresponding reduction in the melting point of the crystals and in the surface free energy of the crystals. The extent of crystallinity that developed within the copolymers was dependent on crystallization temperature and independent of time. This behavior was unlike that exhibited by polyethylene samples of similar molecular weight and was considered due to the effect of phase separation of the two blocks in the melt and nucleation control of the crystallization of the isolated domains. Analogous behavior was observed with polyethylene for polymer blends with polystyrene.
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