Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • MUTATIONS  (2)
  • Polypropylene fibre  (2)
  • 0.7.62+s  (1)
  • 1
    Keywords: GROWTH ; CELL LUNG-CANCER ; PATHWAYS ; MUTATIONS ; sensitivity ; FUTURE ; THERAPIES
    Abstract: PURPOSE: Multiple investigational drugs are currently explored in cancer patient populations defined by specific biomarkers. This demands a new process of patient selection for clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Starting January 1, 2012, preemptive biomarker profiling was offered at the West German Cancer Center to all patients with advanced non-small-cell lung (NSCLC) or colorectal cancer (CRC), who met generic study inclusion criteria. Tumour specimens were subjected to prespecified profiling algorithms to detect 'actionable biomarkers' by amplicon sequencing, in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry. The clinical course was closely monitored to offer trial participation whenever applicable. RESULTS: Within 12 months, 267 patients (188 NSCLC, 79 CRC) were profiled. Estimated additional cost for biomarker profiling was 219615.51 EUR excluding histopathology workup and administration. The most prevalent biomarkers in pulmonary adenocarcinoma were KRAS mutations (29%), loss of PTEN expression (18%), EGFR mutations (9%), HER2 amplification (5%) and BRAF mutations (3%), while the prevalence of ALK translocations and PIK3CA mutations was extremely low. In pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma FGFR1 amplifications were found in 15%, PTEN expression was lost in 20% and DDR2 was mutated in a single case. KRAS mutations (41%) predominated in CRC, followed by loss of PTEN expression (16%), PIK3CA (5%) and BRAF (5%) mutations. So far 13 patients (5%) have entered biomarker-stratified clinical trials. Therapeutic decisions for approved drugs were guided in another 45 patients (17%). CONCLUSION: Preemptive biomarker profiling can be implemented into the diagnostic algorithm of a large Comprehensive Cancer Center. Substantial investments in diagnostics and administration are required.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23876834
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: EXPRESSION ; ACTIVATION ; mechanisms ; CELL-DEATH ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; MUTATIONS ; PET ; PHASE-II TRIAL ; IMATINIB MESYLATE ; 2-DEOXY-D-GLUCOSE
    Abstract: Positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is frequently used for visualizing gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), which are highly glucose-avid tumors. Dramatic metabolic responses following imatinib treatment indicate a high, KIT-dependent glucose turnover which has been particularly helpful for predicting tumor response to imatinib. The glucose analogue 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) inhibits glucose metabolism in cancer cells that depend on aerobic glycolysis for ATP production. We show that 2DG inhibits proliferation in both imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant GIST cell lines at levels that can be achieved clinically. KIT-negative GIST48B have 3-14-fold higher IC50 levels than KIT-positive GIST cells indicating that oncogenic KIT may sensitize cells to 2DG. GIST sensitivity to 2DG is increased in low-glucose media (110mg/dl). 2DG leads to dose- and glucose dependent inhibition of KIT glycosylation with resultant reduction of membrane-bound KIT, inhibition of KIT-phosphorylation and inactivation of KIT-dependent signaling intermediates. In contrast to imatinib, 2DG caused ER-stress and elicited the unfolded protein response (UPR). Mannose but not pyruvate rescued GIST cells from 2DG-induced growth arrest, suggesting that loss of KIT integrity is the predominant effect of 2DG in GIST. Additive anti-tumoral effects were seen with imatinib and BH3-mimetics. Our data provide the first evidence that modulation of the glucose-metabolism by 2DG may have a disease-specific effect and may be therapeutically useful in GIST.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 25781619
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: 07.20.−n ; 0.7.62+s ; 44.50.+f
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract For the measurement of the thermal capacity and the thermal conductivity of films, the thermal excitation of the sample is commonly performed by the absorption of light. This results in a spatial and temporal temperature distribution within the film. With a variety of methods static or dynamic temperature recordings are performed. Two problems with these methods are discussed, the calculation of the temperature distribution in the film and the measurement of the mean surface temperature of the film. An analytical solution of the heat conduction problem for a cylindrical geometry with any radial distribution of the absorbed light is given. Resistive bolometers are introduced for the measurement of the mean surface temperature of the film within a circular area. Experiments with a 25 μm thick PVDF film give excellent agreement with the theoretical calculations within the modulation frequency range 10−3 Hz to 103 Hz, thus allowing a determination of various thermal parameters of the investigated film.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: Polypropylene fibre ; Morphology ; Tensile properties
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract The present paper reports an investigation in which X-ray diffraction (WAXS and SAXS) patterns are applied to obtain qualitative information regarding supermolecular structure of drawn und undrawn samples of polypropylene fibres. The tensile properties, increase of long period, formation of microvoids and lamellar orientation upon drawing of the fibre have been brought into focus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: Polypropylene fibre ; crystallinity ; morphology ; melting behaviour ; mechanical properties
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Crystallinity measurements were carried out with the help of X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and density measurements. The results of this study provide a better understanding of the morphology and complex thermal behaviour of polypropylene fibres. Crystallinity studies show that the crystallinity of PP fibres when measured by X-ray and DSC methods as a function of draw-ratios increases with increasing draw-ratios while the crystallinity of the same samples as derived by density measurements shows an inverse trend. These discrepancies are accounted for by the formation of microvoids within the polypropylene fibres due to drawing. In the DSC scan two endothermic peaks were found to occur in some of the samples. This is explained by the presence of two morphological forms i. e. lamellar and fibrillar morphology in the same sample. The crystallinity values obtained from different methods are correlated with mechanical properties, such as tenacity and elongations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...