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  • RECEPTOR  (3)
  • CELL  (2)
  • IN-VIVO  (2)
  • 1
    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CELLS ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; tumor ; TUMOR-CELLS ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VIVO ; SYSTEM ; liver ; MICE ; MECHANISM ; INDUCTION ; ANTIGEN ; ANTIGENS ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; T cell ; T cells ; T-CELLS ; TOLERANCE ; BONE-MARROW ; CANCER-CELLS ; NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS ; FRAGMENTS ; FAILURE ; ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY ; TUMOR CELLS ; ELIMINATION ; IMMUNE ESCAPE ; IMMUNE-SYSTEM ; ESCAPE ; CYTOKINE PRODUCTION ; TUMOR-CELL ; KUPFFER CELLS ; in vivo ; FRAGMENT ; CD8(+) T cell ; COLON-CARCINOMA CELLS ; liver sinusoidal endothelial cells ; NKT CELLS ; PERFORIN/GRANZYME PATHWAY ; sinusoidal endothelial cells
    Abstract: Development of tumor-specific T cell tolerance contributes to the failure of the immune system to eliminate tumor cells. Here we report that hematogenous dissemination of tumor cells followed by their elimination and local removal of apoptotic tumor cells in the liver leads to subsequent development of T cell tolerance towards antigens associated with apoptotic tumor cells. We provide evidence that liver sinusoidal. endothelial cells (LSEC) remove apoptotic cell fragments generated by induction of tumor cell apoptosis through hepatic NK1.1(+) cells. Antigen associated with apoptotic cell material is processed and cross-presented by LSEC to CD8(+) T cells, leading to induction of CD8(+) T cell tolerance. Adoptive transfer of LSEC isolated from mice challenged previously with tumor cells promotes development of CD8(+) T cell tolerance towards tumor-associated antigen in vivo. Our results indicate that hematogenous dissemination of tumor cells, followed by hepatic tumor cell elimination and local cross-presentation of apoptotic tumor cells by LSEC and subsequent CD8(+) T cell tolerance induction, represents a novel mechanism operative in tumor immune escape
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17039564
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  • 2
    Keywords: RESPONSES ; LIGAND ; RECEPTOR ; SUPPRESSION ; LIGANDS ; immune response ; IMMUNE-RESPONSE ; MEDICINE
    Type of Publication: Meeting abstract published
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  • 3
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; GROWTH ; proliferation ; tumor ; carcinoma ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; PATHWAY ; PATHWAYS ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; TUMORS ; MOUSE ; DESIGN ; TUMOR PROGRESSION ; SIGNALING PATHWAYS ; MOUSE MODEL ; expression profiling ; PHAGE DISPLAY ; signaling ; CYTOKINE ; RE ; ANGIOGENIC SWITCH ; INTERLEUKIN-10 ; CARDIAC DEVELOPMENT ; MULTISTAGE TUMORIGENESIS
    Abstract: In a mouse model of hepatocellular carcinogenesis, highly vascularized tumors develop through two distinct morphologic phases of neovascularization. We show that increased vascular caliber occurs first, followed by extensive vessel sprouting in late-stage carcinomas. To define molecular pathways in tumor neovascularization, endothelial cells were directly purified from normal liver and advanced tumors. Gene expression profiling experiments were then designed to identify genes enriched in the vascular compartment. We report that Cathepsin S is the major protease specifically overexpressed during vessel sprouting. We also show that the CC chemokines CCL2 and CCL3 are secreted by neovessels and stimulate proliferation through their cognate receptors in an autocrine fashion. This suggests that chemokine signaling represents the most prominent signaling pathway in tumor-associated endothelial cells and directly regulates vessel remodeling. Furthermore, high angiogenic activity is associated with attenuated lymphocyte extravasation and correlates with expression of the immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin 10. This is the first comprehensive study addressing liver-specific vascular changes in a murine autochthonous tumor model. These novel insights into liver angiogenesis infer an environmental control of neovascularization and have important implications for the design of antiangiogenic therapies
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16397233
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  • 4
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; CELL ; Germany ; human ; DISTINCT ; MOLECULES ; TIME ; ACTIVATION ; COMPLEX ; MECHANISM ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; mechanisms ; T cell ; T cells ; T-CELL ; T-CELLS ; SIGNAL ; MOLECULE ; cytokines ; RECOGNITION ; STIMULATION ; ACID ; ACQUISITION ; EFFICIENT ; LYMPHOCYTES ; EXCHANGE ; NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS ; ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELLS ; CD8(+) ; specificity ; LIVE CELLS ; RECEPTORS ; CYTOKINE ; T-CELL-ACTIVATION ; interaction ; dendritic cell ; PHASE ; EVENTS ; USA ; SIGNALS ; immunology ; exosomes ; detachment ; INTERCELLULAR TRANSFER ; PEPTIDE-MHC COMPLEXES
    Abstract: Activation of CD4(+) T cells by APCs occurs by multiple Ag recognition events including the exchange of costimulatory signals and cytokines. Additionally, the T cells acquire APC-derived surface molecules. Herein, we describe for the first time the transfer of human and murine T cell surface receptors to APCs after Ag-specific interaction. This transfer occurs in two qualitatively different phases. The first group of molecules (e.g., CD2) derived from the T cell surface was transferred rapidly after 2 h of interaction, was strongly bound on the DC surface (acid wash-resistant), was strictly dependent on dendritic cell-T cell contact, and transferred independently of T cell activation. The second group, including the CD3/TCR complex, CD27, and OX40, was of intracellular origin, transferred later after 10-16 h in a cell-cell contact-independent fashion, was noncovalently bound, and was strictly dependent on Ag-specific T cell activation. Functionally, murine dendritic cells that received TCR molecules from OVA-specific CD4(+) T cells after Ag-specific interaction were less efficient in priming naive CD4(+) T cells of the same specificity without losing their ability for CD8(+) T cell stimulation, indicating that the transferred TCR molecules mask the Ag-bearing MHC II molecules, thereby reducing their accessibility to following Ag-specific CD4(+) T cells. While the first. group of transferred T cell surface molecules might facilitate the detachment of the CD4+ T cell from the dendritic cell during the early scanning phases, the second group could play an important immunomodulatory role in intraclonal competition of T cells for APC access, making the physical presence of CD4(+) T cells unnecessary
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18768851
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