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  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CANCER ; IN-VITRO ; PROTEIN ; BINDING ; MOLECULE ; SUPERFAMILY ; innate immunity ; DMBT1 ; GP-340 ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; SURFACTANT PROTEIN-D ; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; gestational age ; prematurity ; STREPTOCOCCUS-GORDONII
    Abstract: Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumours 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich protein that binds and aggregates various bacteria and viruses in vitro. Studies in adults have shown that DMBT1 is expressed mainly by mucosal epithelia and glands, in particular within the respiratory tract, and plays a role in innate immune defence. We hypothesized that respiratory DMBT1 levels may be influenced by various developmental and clinical factors such as maturity, age and bacterial infection. DMBT1 levels were studied in 205 tracheal aspirate samples of 82 ventilated preterm and full-term infants by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Possible effects of various clinical parameters were tested by multiple regression analysis. DMBT1 levels increased significantly with lung maturity (P 〈 0.0001 for both gestational and postnatal age) and in small-for-gestational-age infants (P = 0.0179). An increase of respiratory DMBT1 levels was detected in neonatal infections (P 〈 0.0001). These results were supported by Western blotting. Immunohistochemical analyses of archived newborn lung sections (n = 17) demonstrated high concentrations of DMBT1 in lungs of neonates with bacterial infections. Our data show that preterm infants are able to up-regulate DMBT1 in infection as an unspecific immune reaction
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17991292
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  • 2
    Keywords: brain ; PEPTIDE ; RECEPTOR ; tumor ; LUNG ; SITE ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; TUMORS ; FAMILY ; DOMAIN ; BINDING ; BIOLOGY ; MEMBER ; MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY ; SEQUENCE ; SEQUENCES ; SUPPRESSION ; ACID ; FORM ; NUMBER ; PEPTIDES ; SUPERFAMILY ; NETHERLANDS ; DOMAINS ; MOLECULAR-CLONING ; DMBT1 ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; SURFACTANT PROTEIN-D ; HOST-DEFENSE ; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR ; molecular biology ; MOTIF ; AGGLUTININ ; brain tumor ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; DEFENSE ; pathogen ; RESIDUES ; SPONGE GEODIA-CYDONIUM ; SRCR DOMAIN ; STREPTOCOCCUS-MUTANS ; TUMOR SUPPRESSION
    Abstract: The scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) proteins form an archaic group of metazoan proteins characterized by the presence of SRCR domains. These proteins are classified in group A and B based on the number of conserved cysteine residues in their SRCR domains, i.e. six for group A and eight for group B. The protein DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumors 1), which is identical to salivary agglutinin and lung gp-340, belongs to the group B SRCR proteins and is considered to be involved in tumor suppression and host defense by pathogen binding. In a previous study we used non-overlapping synthetic peptides covering the SRCR consensus sequence to identify a 16-amino acid bacteria-binding protein loop (peptide SRCRP2; QGRVEVLYRGSWGTVC) within the SRCR domains. In this study, using overlapping peptides, we pinpointed the minimal bacteria-binding site on SRCRP2, and thus DMBT1, to an 11-amino acid motif (DMBT1 pathogen-binding site 1 or DMBT1pbs1; GRVEVLYRGSW). An alanine substitution scan revealed that VEVL and Trp are critical residues in this motif. Bacteria binding by DMBT1pbs1 was different from the bacteria binding by the macrophage receptor MARCO in which an RXR motif was critical. In addition, the homologous consensus sequences of a number of SRCR proteins were synthesized and tested for bacteria binding. Only consensus sequences of DMBT1 orthologues bound bacteria by this motif
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15355985
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  • 3
    Keywords: brain ; RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; INVASION ; tumor ; CELL ; Germany ; VITRO ; DISEASE ; GENE ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; COMPONENTS ; TUMORS ; PATIENT ; NF-KAPPA-B ; ACTIVATION ; COMPLEX ; COMPLEXES ; BINDING ; RECOGNITION ; TARGET ; MUTATION ; COMPONENT ; LINE ; MUTATIONS ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; FACTOR-KAPPA-B ; NF-kappa B ; TNF-ALPHA ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; SURFACTANT PROTEIN-D ; INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE ; MALIGNANT BRAIN-TUMORS ; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR ; CYTOKINE ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; STREPTOCOCCUS-MUTANS ; secretion ; PATHOGENS ; USA ; function ; immunology ; INHIBIT ; CYSTEINE-RICH DOMAINS ; DYSFUNCTION ; PURPLE SEA-URCHIN ; SEROTYPE-C STRAIN
    Abstract: Mucosal epithelial cell layers are constantly exposed to a complex resident microflora. Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) belongs to the group of secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich proteins and is considered to be involved in host defense by pathogen binding. This report describes the regulation and function of DMBT1 in intestinal epithelial cells, which form the primary immunological barrier for invading pathogens. We report that intestinal epithelial cells up-regulate DMBT1 upon proinflammatory stimuli (e.g., TNF-alpha, LPS). We demonstrate that DMBT1 is a target gene for the intracellular pathogen receptor NOD2 via NF-kappa B activation. DMBT1 is strongly up-regulated in the inflamed intestinal mucosa of Crohn's disease patients with wild-type, but not with mutant NOD2. We show that DMBT1 inhibits cytoinvasion of Salmonella enterica and LPS- and muramyl dipeptide-induced NF-kappa B activation and cytokine secretion in vitro. Thus, DMBT1 may play an important role in the first line of mucosal defense conferring immune exclusion of bacterial cell wall components. Dysregulated intestinal DMBT1 expression due to mutations in the NOD2/CARD15 gene may be part of the complex pathophysiology of barrier dysfunction in Crohn's disease
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17548659
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  • 4
    Keywords: brain ; RECEPTOR ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; tumor ; Germany ; human ; LUNG ; VITRO ; SYSTEM ; DISEASE ; HYBRIDIZATION ; PROTEIN ; TUMORS ; MOLECULE ; TARGET ; IN-SITU ; immunohistochemistry ; MEMBRANE ; SURFACE ; CALCIUM ; MEMBRANES ; BINDS ; DMBT1 ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS-SYNDROME ; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR ; in situ hybridization ; ELISA ; RECOMBINANT ; RE ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; INCREASE ; SUPPLEMENTATION ; methods ; BOVINE ; function ; CANDIDATE ; CAPILLARIES ; lungs ; ENGLAND ; host ; INCREASES ; TENSION ; INFANT ; CALCIUM-IONS ; EXOGENOUS SURFACTANT ; POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES ; PRETERM INFANTS ; PROTEIN-D ; PULMONARY SURFACTANT
    Abstract: Background: Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich protein that binds various bacteria and is thought to participate in innate pulmonary host defense. We hypothesized that pulmonary DMBT1 could contribute to respiratory distress syndrome in neonates by modulating surfactant function. Methods: DMBT1 expression was studied by immunohistochemistry and mRNA in situ hybridization in post-mortem lungs of preterm and full-term neonates with pulmonary hyaline membranes. The effect of human recombinant DMBT1 on the function of bovine and porcine surfactant was measured by a capillary surfactometer. DMBT1-levels in tracheal aspirates of ventilated preterm and term infants were determined by ELISA. Results: Pulmonary DMBT1 was localized in hyaline membranes during respiratory distress syndrome. In vitro addition of human recombinant DMBT1 to the surfactants increased surface tension in a dose-dependent manner. The DMBT1- mediated effect was reverted by the addition of calcium depending on the surfactant preparation. Conclusion: Our data showed pulmonary DMBT1 expression in hyaline membranes during respiratory distress syndrome and demonstrated that DMBT1 increases lung surface tension in vitro. This raises the possibility that DMBT1 could antagonize surfactant supplementation in respiratory distress syndrome and could represent a candidate target molecule for therapeutic intervention in neonatal lung disease
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17908325
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  • 5
    Keywords: brain ; RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; tumor ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VIVO ; DISEASE ; RISK ; GENOME ; HYBRIDIZATION ; PROTEIN ; SAMPLE ; TISSUE ; TUMORS ; MICE ; PATIENT ; DOMAIN ; GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS ; TISSUES ; polymorphism ; POLYMORPHISMS ; SUSCEPTIBILITY ; DELETION ; IN-SITU ; prevention ; immunohistochemistry ; UP-REGULATION ; NUMBER ; PATHOGENESIS ; DISPLAY ; HUMAN GENOME ; SURFACE ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; genetic polymorphism ; NORMAL TISSUE ; CHAIN-REACTION ; SMALL-INTESTINE ; ULCERATIVE-COLITIS ; TERMINAL DIFFERENTIATION ; inflammation ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; SURFACTANT PROTEIN-D ; INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE ; MALIGNANT BRAIN-TUMORS ; SCAVENGER RECEPTOR ; in situ hybridization ; CHAIN ; BRAIN-TUMORS ; pathogen ; VARIANT ; ALLELE ; inflammatory bowel disease ; LEVEL ; methods ; SUBTYPES ; SULFATE ; USA ; function ; INCREASED RISK ; odds ratio ; in vivo ; case control ; quantitative ; MUCOSAL ; EXONS ; CRP-DUCTIN ; DEXTRAN SULFATE SODIUM
    Abstract: Background & Aims: Impaired mucosal. defense plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), one of the main subtypes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1(DMBT1) is a secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich protein with predominant expression in. the intestine and has been proposed to exert possible functions in regenerative processes and pathogen defense. Here, we aimed at analyzing the role of DMBT1 in IBD. Methods: We studied DMBT1 expression in IBD and normal tissues by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and mRNA in situ hybridization. Genetic polymorphisms within DMBT1 were analyzed in an Italian IBD case-control sample. Dmbt1(-/-) mice were generated, characterized, and analyzed for their susceptibility to dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. Results: DMBT1 levels correlate with disease activity in inflamed IBD tissues. A highly significant fraction of the patients with IBD displayed up-regulation of DMBT1 specifically in the intestinal epithelial surface cells and Paneth cells. A deletion allele of DMBT1 with a reduced: number of scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domain coding exons is associated with an increased risk of CD (P =.00056; odds ratio, 1.75) but not for ulcerative colitis. Dmbt1(-/-) mice display enhanced susceptibility to dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis and elevated Tnf, Il6, and Nod2 expression levels during inflammation. Conclusions: DMBT1 may play a role in intestinal mucosal protection and prevention of inflammation. Impaired DMBT1 function may contribute to the pathogenesis of CD
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17983803
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  • 6
    Keywords: brain ; RECEPTOR ; CANCER ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; Germany ; GENERATION ; LUNG-CANCER ; SYSTEM ; CDNA ; CLONING ; PROTEIN ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TIME ; INFECTION ; DOMAIN ; BINDING ; polymorphism ; VARIANTS ; MOLECULE ; VECTOR ; LINE ; TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR GENE ; LIGANDS ; SUPERFAMILY ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; Jun ; DMBT1 ; HENSIN ; SALIVARY AGGLUTININ ; SURFACTANT PROTEIN-D ; STREPTOCOCCUS-MUTANS ; SRCR ; GENETIC-POLYMORPHISM ; SIZE ; glycoprotein-340
    Abstract: Deleted in malignant brain tumours 1 (DMBT1) codes for a similar to 340 kDa glycoprotein with highly repetitive scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) domains. DMBT1 was implicated in cancer. defence against viral and bacterial infections, and differentiation of epithelial cells. Recombinant expression and purification of DMBT1 is an essential step for systematic standardized functional research and towards the evaluation of its therapeutical potential. So far, DMBT1 is obtained from natural sources such as bronchioalveolar lavage or saliva, resulting in time consuming sample collection, low yields, and protein preparations which may substantially vary due to differential processing and genetic polymorphism, all of which impedes functional research on DMBT1. Cloning of DMBT1 cDNAs is hampered because of the size and the 13 highly homologous SRCR exons. In this Study, we report oil the setup of a vector system that facilitates cloning of DMBT1 variants. We demonstrate applicability of the vector system by expression of the largest DMBT1 variant in a tetracycline-inducible mammalian expression system using the Chinese hamster ovary cell line. Yields Lip to 30 mg rDMBT1 per litre of cell Culture supernatant could be achieved with an optimized production procedure. By harnessing the specific bacteria-binding property of DMBT1 we established an affinity purification procedure which allows the isolation of more than 3 mg rDMBT1 with a Purity of about 95 %. Although the glycosylation moieties of rDMBT1 are different front DMBT1(SAG) isolated front saliva, we demonstrate that rDMBT1 is functionally active in aggregating Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and binding to C1q and lactoferrin, which represent two known endogenous DMBT1 ligands. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15866713
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