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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: RNA editing ; Tomato mitochondria ; coxl gene ; Initiation codon
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Nucleotide-sequence analysis showed that the gene for cytochrome oxidase subunit I (coxl) from tomato mitochondrial DNA has an ACG codon at a conserved position corresponding to an ATG initiation codon in other higher-plant coxl genes. cDNA-sequence analysis of the coxl transcripts showed that 15 positions in the genomic DNA were converted from C to U in the transcripts by RNA editing. One of the editing events is observed at the indicated ACG codon, producing an ATG initiation codon. The nucleotide sequences of 37 cDNA clones showed that the initiation codon was created in 32 out of the 37 clones, while nucleotide positions 254 and 11 were edited in 37 and 34 of the 37 clones examined, respectively, suggesting that creation of the initiation codon is a post-transcriptional event. The BamHI site at nucleotide position 757–762 within the coxI genomic DNA was altered in all 97 cDNA clones examined, demonstrating that RNA editing at this site in the transcripts is very common. RNA editing takes place to a lesser extent at the initiation codon, compared with editing at internal position 254. This indicates that editing is either a random process or that it involves a mechanism favoring less RNA editing in the initiation codon than in internal sites.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Sugar beet ; nad9 ; Mitochondrial gene ; RNA editing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract From a sugar beet mitochondrial DNA library, we have isolated an open reading frame (ORF192) showing extensive homology to the gene for the 30 kDa subunit of the bovine mitochondrial complex I (NADH:ubiquinone reductase). The ORF192 was found to be actively transcribed to give an RNA of approximately 1.0 kb. We have designated this gene nad9. Transcripts from the nad9 locus are edited by five C to U transitions, increasing similarity with the amino acid sequence of the corresponding bovine and Neurospora crassa polypeptides. Southern blot hybridization also indicates that nad9 is present in the mitochondrial genomes of a variety of higher plant species.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Nad4L-orf25 linkage ; RNA editing ; Sugar beet ; Mitochondria
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  We have found that a gene coding for NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4L and a presumed gene, orf25, are linked and co-transcribed with each other in sugar beet mitochondria. Ten and twelve C-to-U editing events were observed in the mRNAs of nad4L and orf25, respectively; the amino-acid sequence specified after editing is better-conserved in comparison with the homologues of other organisms. It is interesting to note that the translation initiation codon of nad4L is created by editing. The conservation of the nad4L-orf25 linkage was examined by PCR-amplification of the intergenic region. We obtained successful PCR products from five dicots (spinach, apple, snapdragon, petunia and tobacco) and two monocots (tulip and pineapple), but not in two poaceous plants, rice and maize. The intergenic region, when present, was found to be well-conserved in its sequence, suggesting a monophyletic origin of this linkage. Our result, together with previous reports of Arabidopsis and four poaceous species, favour the argument that the nad4L-orf25 linkage is conserved throughout angiosperms except in the Poaceae.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-5028
    Keywords: group-II intron ; mitochondria ; ribosomal protein ; rice ; RNA editing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The mitochondrial ribosomal protein L2 gene (rpl2) is coded by two exons of 840 and 669 bp separated by an intron sequence of 1481 bp in the rice mitochondrial genome. The rpl2 gene is located three nucleotides upstream of the ribosomal protein S19 gene (rps19) and both genes are co-transcribed. cDNA sequence analysis indentified splicing of the intron sequence from the rpl2 mRNA as well as RNA editing events. The deduced secondary structure of the rpl2 intron sequence shows the characteristic features of a group-II intron. A single RNA editing site is identified in rpl2 and six editing sites in rps19 transcripts. In addition, one editing site is observed in the 3 nucleotide intergenic region. Analysis of individual cDNA clones showed a different extent of RNA editing. The rice rpl2 intron is located at a different site and shows no significant nucleotide sequence similarity with the rpl2 intron of liverwort. However, 60% nucleotide sequence identity is observed between the rice rpl2 intron and the Oenothera nad5 intron in a 234 nucleotide region. The mitochondrial rpl2 sequence is absent from the pea mitochondrial genome and we consequently propose that the mitochondrial RPL2 protein is encoded by a nuclear gene in pea.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-5028
    Keywords: motifs ; organelle ; polarity ; RNA editing ; specificity factor
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The RNA editing processes in chloroplasts and mitochondria of higher plants show several similarities which are suggestive of common components and/or biochemical steps between the two plant organelles. The existence of various promiscuous DNA fragments of chloroplast origin in plant mitochondrial genomes allowed us to test the possibility that chloroplast sequences are also edited in mitochondria. AnrpoB fragment transferred from chloroplasts to mitochondria in rice was chosen as it contains several editing sites, two of which match sequence motifs surrounding even non-homologous editing sites in both chloroplast and mitochondrial transcripts. Rice chloroplast and mitochondrialrpoB DNA and cDNA sequences were selectively amplified and the editing status of the cDNA sequences was determined. Three of the four potentialrpoB editing sites previously detected in maize were found to be edited in the rice chloroplastrpoB transcript, whereas the fourth was found to remain unedited. In mitochondria, however, all four editing sites remain unmodified at the cDNA level. This indicates that the editing processes of higher plant mitochondria and chloroplasts are not identical and that organelle-specific factors are required for eliciting the respective editing events.
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