Low anterior resection
Lymph node metastases
Japanese General Rules for Clinical and Pathological Studies on Cancer of the Colon, Rectum and Anus
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract PURPOSE: It has been reported that functional outcome following low anterior resection of rectal cancer is improved by construction of a colonic J-pouch compared with straight anastomosis. Hence, we tried to justify use of the sigmoid colon in the construction of a J-pouch by the analysis of regional lymph node metastases. METHODS: A total of 182 patients underwent resection for rectal cancer. Node metastases were examined by the clearing method. According to Japanese General Rules for Clinical and Pathological Studies on Cancer of the Colon, Rectum and Anus (JGR), nodes were classified into the perirectal nodes (PR-N), pericolic nodes (PC-N), central intermediate nodes (C-IM-N), central main nodes (C-M-N), lateral intermediate nodes (L-IM-N), and lateral main nodes (L-M-N). RESULTS: Metastatic rate (number of patients with node metastases/ total number of patients) of PR-N was 57.1 percent. Metastatic rate of C-IM-N was 18.7 percent and that of C-M-N was 7.1 percent. Metastatic rates of L-IM-N and L-M-N were 8.8 and 3.3 percent, respectively, and both were highest in the case of lower rectal cancer. Metastatic rate of PC-N was only 1.1 percent. The number of cases without node metastases (n(−) cases) was 78, that with only PR-N metastases (PR-N cases) was 63, that with intermediate but not main node metastases (IM-N cases) was 29, and that with main node metastases (M-N cases) was 12. Five-year survival rate after curative resection was 88.5 percent for n(−) cases, 70.9 percent for PR-N cases, 65.9 percent for IM-N cases, and 41.7 percent for M-N cases. CONCLUSIONS: In low anterior resection, high ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery and dissection of C-M-N, C-IM-N and PR-N are necessary, with the addition of the L-IM-N and L-M-N in the case of lower rectal cancer. Resection of sigmoid colon is not required, and therefore, a J-pouch can be constructed using the sigmoid colon. Nodal classification according to the JGR was predictive of case distribution and five-year survival rate.
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