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  • Resonance theory  (3)
  • Long-range order  (2)
  • Valence-bond model  (2)
  • Cell & Developmental Biology  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The expression of laminin, a major constituent of endometrial cell basement membranes, is increased during differentiation of human endometrial stromal cells (decidualization). To determine whether laminin plays a role in decidualization, we studied the effects of laminin substrate on the synthesis and release of prolactin (PRL) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), two major secretory proteins of decidualized stromal cells. Endometrial stromal cells were plated on laminin as well as several other extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (types 1 and IV collagen or fibronectin) and on plastic, and cultured in media containing medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and estradiol. Cells cultured on plastic or ECM proteins displayed similar morphological changes indicative of decidualization. However, the release of PRL and IGFBP-1 from cells cultured on plastic and ECM proteins (types 1 and IV collagen and fibronection) was approximately 2.1-fold and 2.8-fold greater respectively, than from cells cultured on laminin. The decrease in PRL and IGFBP-1 expression in cells cultured on laminin was not due to differences in initial cell attachment efficiency or final DNA content. In addition, laminin had no effect on the content of laminin protein or fibronectin mRNA levels, indicating that the effects of laminin on PRL and IGFBP-1 were specific. PGE2 stimulated the release of PRL and IGFBP-1 from cells cultured on laminin to levels comparable to those from cells cultured on plastic or other ECM proteins. This indicates that the decrease in PRL and IGFBP-1 release by laminin was not due to a generalized unresponsiveness. In contrast to the effects of laminin during decidualization, PRL expression was not altered by laminin in terminally differentiated decidual cells isolated at term. Our results support a role for laminin in selectively regulating PRL and IGFBP-1 gene expression during in vitro decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Kekulé structure enumeration ; Dimer covering enumeration ; 1-Factor enumeration ; Benzenoid π-network polymers ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Edge reactivity ; Graph theory ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The problem of covering every site of a subsection of the honeycomb lattice with disjoint edges is considered. It is pointed out that a type of long-range order associated to such coverings can occur, so that different phases can arise as a consequence of the subsection's boundaries. These features are quantitatively investigated via a new analytic solution for a class of strips of arbitrary widths, arbitrary lengths, and arbitrary long-range-order values. Relations to work on the dimer covering problem of statistical mechanics and especially to the resonance theory of benzenoid hydrocarbons are noted.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Valence-bond model ; π-Networks ; Heisenberg model ; Resonance theory ; Néel states ; Renormalization group ; Spin waves
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Approximate ground-state wavefunctions for valence-bond (or Heisenberg) models are obtained both within Néel-state-based and within Kekulé-state-based resonance-theoretic approaches. Comparisons are made between these and other general approaches, with particular emphasis on organic π-network systems. Attention is drawn to the manner in which the quality of the different approximation schemes changes with variations in structural characteristics of the system. It is suggested that resonance-theoretic ideas are most appropriate for (aromatic benzenoid) systems with low coordination number, whereas Néel-state based ideas are most appropriate for (3-dimensional) structures with higher coordination number (and little “frustration”).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: π-network polymers ; Valence-bond model ; Resonance theory ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Solitonic excitations ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The poly-polyphenanthrene family of extended π-network strips with members ranging from polyacetylene to graphite is considered in terms of the locally correlated valence-bond or Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Resonance theory wavefunctions which provide a variational upper bound to the ground state energy are developed in a graph-theoretic formalism extendable to more general localized wavefunction cluster expansions. The graph-theoretic formalism facilitates the use of general transfer matrix techniques, which are especially powerful in application to quasi-one-dimensional systems such as are illustratively treated here. It is argued that these strips exhibit states of different long-range spin-pairing orderings. Novel properties associated with these different resulting phases are briefly indicated, including the possibilities of solitonic excitations and the reactivity at the ends of the strips. The qualitative arguments are supported by numerical calculations for strips up to width 8.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Theoretical chemistry accounts 74 (1988), S. 349-361 
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Resonance theory ; Conjugated circuits ; Valence-bond theory ; Graphite ; Many-body theory
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Computations for the “conjugated circuits” model which has previously only been treated for finite and quasi-one-dimensional conjugatedπ-networks are here extended to the graphite lattice. Many-body techniques give the resultant resonance energy per site as a function of a physically relevant long-range order parameter.
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