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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: RB 101 ; CCKB antagonist ; Conditioned place preference ; Reward ; Endogenous enkephalins ; PD-134,308
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The interaction between cholecystokinin and endogenous opioid systems on rewarding responses was examined. Motivational effects induced by peripheral administration of a complete inhibitor of enkephalin catabolism, RB 101 or the CCKB antagonist PD-134,308, and by both compounds in combination were evaluated in the conditioned place preference test in rats. RB 101 (5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg, IP, and 20 mg/kg, IV) given alone produced a bell-shaped dose-effect function. A significant increase of the preference for the drug-associated compartment was only observed at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg (IP). The effect observed with morphine was stronger, and all the doses used of this compound (1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg, SC) were found to be active. These results suggest that the inhibitor of enkephalin catabolism has weak rewarding properties. Pretreatment with the CCKB antagonist PD-134,308 (0.1, 0.3, 1 and 3 mg/kg, IP) alone failed to produce a reliable aversion or preference on the paradigm studied. When PD-134,308 (0.3 mg/kg, IP) was coadministered with a subthreshold dose of morphine (0.6 mg/kg, SC) or RB 101 (5 mg/kg, IP), a conditioned place preference was observed, indicating that the CCKB antagonist facilitated the motivational responses induced by endogenous enkephalins as compared to morphine. This suggests that endogenous cholecystokinin, acting through CCKB receptors, modulates the rewarding effects of endogenous enkephalins.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Key words Conditioned place preference ; Chronic unpredictable mild stress ; Reward ; CCKB receptor antagonist ; Depression ; Stress ; Morphine ; Imipramine ; PD-134 ; 308
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Chronic exposure to mild unpredictable stress has been found to abolish the acquisition of preference for a distinctive environment paired with morphine, whereas morphine induced conditioning place preference in non-stressed rats. Chronic treatment for 21 days with the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine reversed the motivational effects produced by chronic mild stress, and animals showed a place preference for the morphine-paired compartment. When the CCKB receptor antagonist PD-134,308 was co-administered with morphine in stressed animals during the conditioning period, the preference for the morphine-paired compartment was also re-established. The CCKB receptor antagonist given alone did not induce rewarding effects in this paradigm. These findings indicate that the administration of a CCKB receptor antagonist reversed the effects of chronic mild stress on opiate rewarding properties.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Key words Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol ; Mouse ; Reward ; Place preference ; SR 141716A
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Rationale: The rewarding properties of Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are difficult to demonstrate in rodents using standard procedures. Objective: To evaluate the motivational responses of THC in the place conditioning paradigm in mice after minimizing the dysphoric effects of the first drug exposure and/or the consequences of its pharmacokinetic properties. Methods: Mice were conditioned to THC (1 or 5 mg/kg) using an unbiased procedure with an elevated number of pairings and long conditioning time. Results: A place aversion was observed with 5 mg/kg THC using a standard protocol. Similar results were obtained when the CB-1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A (1 mg/kg) was administered immediately after each THC conditioning period. However, mice receiving a priming THC injection and conditioned 24 h later showed a place preference with 1 mg/kg THC and no effect with 5 mg/kg THC. Conclusion: THC produces a clear place preference in mice by using a long period of conditioning and avoiding the possible dysphoric consequences of the first drug exposure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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