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  • S-100 protein  (2)
  • biventricular pacing
  • 1
    ISSN: 1572-8595
    Keywords: biatrial pacing ; biventricular pacing ; pacemaker indication ; coronary sinus electrodes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The artificial activation of the heart modifies the mechanics of contraction and relaxation. While only little basic research has been addressed to this question, clinical observations showed that for hypertrophic as well as dilated cardiomyopathies appropriate pacing techniques can be useful. Pacing can influence the activation sequence. The spread out from a single site is slow, and so hypercontractility deminshed. With the use of multiple electrodes, two atrial and/or two ventricular, conduction delays in the atria or ventricles can be eliminated. Synchronisation of the cardiac activation has an anti-arrhythmic and positiv inotropic effect. This may lead to new indications for pacemakers or better to be named cardiac synchronisers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein ; Folliculo-stellate cells ; Normal human pituitary, anterior lobe ; Immunocytochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an anti-human S-100 protein antibody, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the anterior lobe of the normal human pituitary. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were present in all pituitaries studied but their number varied from one gland to another. Immunoreactive cells, isolated or grouped, were arranged close to various secretory granulated cells. Especially by use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that these cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells and “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Such immunoreactive cells were rare or absent in pseudo-follicular arrangements of secretory granulated cells. Since it is now possible to identify this cell type by light microscopy and since no reliable functional significance is known, it seems more advisable to term this cell type “stellate cell” instead of “folliculostellate cell”.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Islets of Langerhans ; S-100 protein ; Insulin ; Glucagon ; Somatostatin ; Pancreatic polypeptide ; Neuro-insular complex ; Monkey, Macaca irus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated by immunocytochemical procedures in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans in the monkey Macaca irus. By use of antibodies against human S-100 protein or bovine S-100 protein, these cells were observed in all islets in the head and tail portions of the pancreas. Immunostained cells were usually located in the center of the islets or sometimes found in a more widely distributed form, but they were never arranged in a regular concentric fashion. The number of immunoreactive cells varied from one islet to another but it was relatively limited making up only 0.75%–6.3% of all insular cells. With the use of the double-immunoenzymatic procedure for demonstration of the four main endocrine cell types (insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-and pancreatic polypeptide producing elements), it was possible to establish that S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells represent a distinct cell type. Antibodies against S-100 protein-stained neuroinsular complexes. The present findings speak in favor of a new cell type to be added to the large variety of S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells outside the central nervous system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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