Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • SECONDHAND SMOKE  (4)
  • 1
    Keywords: IMPLEMENTATION ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; 4 COUNTRY SURVEY ; IRELAND ; RESTRICTIONS ; CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY ; CHILD EXPOSURE ; SCOTLAND ; LAW ; HOUSEHOLDS
    Abstract: ObjectivesTo measure changes in prevalence and predictors of home smoking bans (HSBs) among smokers in four European countries after the implementation of national smoke-free legislation.DesignTwo waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project Europe Surveys, which is a prospective panel study. Pre- and post-legislation data were used from Ireland, France, Germany and the Netherlands. Two pre-legislation waves from the UK were used as control.Participants4634 respondents from the intervention countries and 1080 from the control country completed both baseline and follow-up and were included in the present analyses.MethodsMultiple logistic regression models to identify predictors of having or of adopting a total HSB, and Generalised Estimating Equation models to compare patterns of change after implementation of smoke-free legislation to a control country without such legislation.ResultsMost smokers had at least partial smoking restrictions in their home, but the proportions varied significantly between countries. After implementation of national smoke-free legislation, the proportion of smokers with a total HSB increased significantly in all four countries. Among continuing smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked per day either remained stable or decreased significantly. Multiple logistic regression models indicated that having a young child in the household and supporting smoking bans in bars were important correlates of having a pre-legislation HSB. Prospective predictors of imposing a HSB between survey waves were planning to quit smoking, supporting a total smoking ban in bars and the birth of a child. Generalised Estimating Equation models indicated that the change in total HSB in the intervention countries was greater than that in the control country.ConclusionsThe findings suggest that smoke-free legislation does not lead to more smoking in smokers homes. On the contrary, our findings demonstrate that smoke-free legislation may stimulate smokers to establish total smoking bans in their homes.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22331456
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Keywords: IMPLEMENTATION ; TOBACCO-SMOKE ; ATTITUDES ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; 4 COUNTRY SURVEY ; FREE BAR LAW ; FREE WORKPLACE LEGISLATION ; ITC NETHERLANDS SURVEY ; REPUBLIC-OF-IRELAND ; RESTAURANTS
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Support for smoke-free policies increases over time and particularly after implementation of the policy. In this study we examined whether the comprehensiveness of such policies moderates the effect on support among smokers. METHODS: We analysed two waves (pre- and post-smoke-free legislation) of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) surveys in France, Germany, and the Netherlands, and two pre-legislation waves of the ITC surveys in UK as control. Of 6,903 baseline smokers, 4,945 (71.6%) could be followed up and were included in the analyses. Generalised Estimating Equations (GEE) were used to compare changes in support from pre- to post-legislation to the secular trend in the control country. Multiple logistic regression models were employed to identify predictors of individual change in support. Findings: In France, the comprehensive smoking ban was associated with sharp increases in support for a total smoking ban in drinking establishments and restaurants that were above secular trends. In Germany and the Netherlands, where smoke-free policies and compliance are especially deficient in drinking establishments, only support for a total smoking ban in restaurants increased above the secular trend. Notable prospective predictors of becoming supportive of smoking bans in these countries were higher awareness of cigarette smoke being dangerous to others and weekly visiting of restaurants. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that smoke-free policies have the potential to improve support once the policy is in place. This effect seems to be most pronounced with comprehensive smoking bans, which thus might be the most valid option for policy-makers despite their potential for creating controversy and resistance in the beginning.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22294779
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: EXPOSURE ; WORKERS ; QUALITY ; ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; PUBS ; AREAS ; RESTRICTIONS
    Abstract: Introduction: The present study examined the reduction in exposure to tobacco smoke in German hospitality venues following the implementation of a partial smoking ban by measuring the indoor air concentration of PM(2.5) in 2005 and 2009, that is, before and after the legislation was implemented. Methods: The concentration of respirable suspended particles (PM(2.5)) in the indoor air of German hospitality venues was measured using a laser photometer (AM510). The prelegislation sample from 2005 included 80 venues of which 58 could be revisited in 2009. After replenishment, the postlegislation sample consisted of 79 venues. Results: Compared with the prelegislation measurement, the concentration of PM2.5 in hospitality venues was reduced significantly after introduction of the smoke-free legislation. The median mass concentration of PM(2.5) was reduced by 87.1% in coffee bars, by 88.7% in restaurants, by 66.3% in bars, and by 90.8% in discotheques. Notably, legal exemptions to the smoking ban are an issue: At the postlegislation measurement in 2009, the mass concentrations of PM(2.5) were substantially higher in venues allowing smoking in the whole venue or in a designated smoking room than in completely smoke-free venues. Conclusions: The German smoke-free legislation significantly reduced the levels of respirable suspended particles in the indoor air of hospitality venues, benefiting the health of employees and patrons alike
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21622497
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Keywords: Germany ; DISEASE ; DISEASES ; EXPOSURE ; POPULATION ; WORKERS ; WOMEN ; MEN ; smoking ; SMOKERS ; ADULTS ; INCREASE ; ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE ; INTERVAL ; AGREEMENT ; PASSIVE SMOKING ; ACCEPTABILITY ; BARS ; COTININE ; FREE POLICIES ; populations survey ; REGULATIONS ; SECONDHAND SMOKE ; smoke-free restaurants ; smoking ban
    Abstract: Background and objective: Every year over 3300 non-smokers in Germany die from diseases caused by passive smoking. It was the aim of this study to obtain countrywide representative opinions about a smoking ban in restaurants. Material and methods: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional sample of the population, 2 008 men and women aged 16 years or over. Opinions on smoking ban in restaurants were analysed by bivariate and multivariate methods with regard to potential influencing factors such as smoking status and sociodemographic status. Results: The majority of those questioned, namely 50% (95% confidence interval 57 - 61), wished for a smoking ban in restaurants. This represents an increase of 6% compared with the preceding year. While over 82% of neversmokers and 71% of previous smokers were in favor of a smoking ban, agreement for a ban among smokers averaged 25%, depending on the amount smoked. Agreement was especially common among women, the elderly and married persons. Three of four Germans said that they would continue to go to restaurants as frequently after smoking had been banned there. Conclusion: This is the first scientific study of opinions among the population on the smoking ban in restaurants of Germany. The current average approval rate for a ban was comparable to that among other nations. An overwhelming majority of the population would welcome a smoking ban and would, after its introduction, visit restaurants as often as previously
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16981076
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...